The Custom House, then centre of local government, burns in May 1921. The operation to destroy it involved nearly 200 Volunteers. Photograph courtesy of the National Library of Ireland

The first six months of 1921 were by far the most violent period of the Irish War of Independence. In late 1920, a halt to the violence had looked p(...)

The charred remains of the Loughnane brothers in coffins  resemble the gothic excesses of a Hieronymus Bosch painting

One of the most powerful images of the War of Independence is the coffins containing the charred remains of the Loughnane brothers, Patrick and Harry,(...)

Kevin Barry became a symbol of callous British oppression. The ballad, Kevin Barry illustrates that quite clearly. It quickly became a Republican anthem.

“In Mountjoy Jail one Monday morning,/High upon the gallows tree,/Kevin Barry gave his life/For the cause of liberty”. This year marks a century sinc(...)

For senior cycle students and teachers, there is a requirement to engage in a balanced, investigative and enquiry-based approach to examining and exploring the evidence surrounding the Irish War of Independence.

Teaching emotive history In the Leaving Certificate classroom, the War of Independence 1919 to 1921 is taught as part of the topic, “The pursuit of s(...)

Bridget Dirrane, who died in 2003 aged 109, took part in a Cumann na mBan vigil outside Mountjoy on the November 1920 morning that 18-year-old IRA volunteer Kevin Barry was hanged. “We heard the death bell and then there was silence,” she said. Photograph: Joe St Leger

Through the 19th and into the 20th century, the use of peaceful mass mobilisation, collective action against state institutions, boycott and ostracisa(...)

A cartoon depicting a uniformed Irish Volunteer (representing Ireland) being introduced to the Versailles Conference table by Uncle Sam. Other participants at the conference table are represented by stylised figures such as John Bull. Photograph: NLI

Every student of Irish history is taught that the War of Independence began on January 21st, 1919, with the ambush of a party escorting a cartload of(...)

Warning poster in 1920. Photograph courtesy of the National Library of Ireland

The new junior cycle history specification was introduced to the classroom in September 2018 and will become a core subject for all students in Septem(...)

Included in events to be remembered with State-supported initiatives: the execution of medical student and IRA volunteer Kevin Barry

Jopsepha Madigan: Minister for Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht The Decade of Centenaries programme (2012-2023) has created unpreceden(...)

A former customs hut in Ravensdale, Co Louth, on the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland. Photograph: Charles McQuillan/Getty Images

The changes in Anglo-Irish relations from the introduction of the third Home Rule Bill in 1912 to the introduction of the fourth Home Rule Bill or Gov(...)

Auxiliaries celebrate after a failed IRA attack on their quarters in Dublin in April 1921. Photograph courtesy of the National Library of Ireland

ROYAL IRISH CONSTABULARY One of the unintended consequences of the recent row over the proposed commemoration of the Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) i(...)

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