The Gran Sasso National Laboratory in Italy, the largest underground laboratory in the world devoted to neutrino and astroparticle physics. Photograph: Alberto Pizzoli/AFP/Getty Images

Although abstract in character, mathematics has concrete origins: the greatest advances have been inspired by the natural world. Recently, a new resul(...)

Increasing security threats have led to higher needs for detection and for increased efficiencies at airport baggage checks

When you check in your baggage for a flight, it must be screened before it is allowed on the plane. Baggage screening detects threats within luggage a(...)

The Princeton Companion to Mathematic has articles on the origin of mathematics, its historical development and the main branches of the subject.

No one person can have mastery of the entirety of mathematics. The subject has become so vast that the best that can be achieved is a general understa(...)

Stamp featuring William Rowan Hamilton,  an innovative mathematician and physicist of the highest order

Mathematicians are not renowned for their ability to reach the deepest recesses of the human soul. This talent is usually associated with great artist(...)

  A murmuration of starlings   at dusk near Ballywilliam, Co Wexford. Photograph: Cyril Byrne

It is exhilarating to watch a large flock of birds swarming in ever-changing patterns. Swarming is an emergent behaviour, resulting from a set of simp(...)

George Salmon: In 1833, aged just 14 years, he entered Trinity College, where he was to spend his entire career.

As you pass through the main entrance of Trinity College, the iconic Campanile stands before you, flanked, in pleasing symmetry, by two statues. On th(...)

Dr Muriel Bristol claimed she could determine by taste the order in which the constituents are poured in a cup of tea. File photograph: Anthony Devlin/PA Wire

One hundred years ago, an English lady, Dr Muriel Bristol, amazed some leading statisticians by proving that she could determine by taste the order in(...)

A French stamp honouring Évariste Galois.

On the morning of May 30th, 1832, a young man stood 25 paces from his friend. Both men fired, but only one pistol was loaded. Évariste Galois, a 20-ye(...)

A Royal Navy helicopter hovering over the stricken yacht Camargue, ready to winch up the last of eight crew members in the wake of the Fastnet race disaster. File  photograph: PA/PA Wire

Today is the 40th anniversary of the Fastnet Race disaster in August 1979, when a severe storm caused the deaths of 15 of the competing yachtsmen and (...)

George Gabriel Stokes made profound contributions to hydrodynamics and devised and performed many ingenious experiments in optical science. Portrait: The Royal Society

Ireland should do much more to recognise “the immense contribution to the world of science” made by mathematician and physicist George Gabriel Stokes (...)

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