George Gabriel Stokes made profound contributions to hydrodynamics and devised and performed many ingenious experiments in optical science. Portrait: The Royal Society

Ireland should do much more to recognise “the immense contribution to the world of science” made by mathematician and physicist George Gabriel Stokes (...)

William Gilbert: his idea of the Earth as magnetic was widely accepted in scientific circles and had a great influence on navigation in particular

You may not be aware but the North Pole is moving. Scientists recently announced that the pole appears to be migrating faster, at about 40km-50km per (...)

Kelvin’s tide machine. Belfast-born William Thomson (later Lord Kelvin) developed the science by constructing the harmonic theory of tides.

All who set a sail, cast a hook or take a dip have a keen interest in the water level, and the regular ebb and flow of the tides. At most places the t(...)