Dr Alexis Carrel (1873-1944) performed the first dog head transplant in 1908 along with American physiologist Dr Charles Guthrie. Photograph: Getty Images

On January 20th, 1968, neurosurgeon Dr Raymond Newcombe wrote a letter entitled Brain Transplantation? to the editor of the British Medical Journal. (...)

Organ transplants have generally been a problem in China, as the country was criticised for using the organs of executed prisoners. Photograph: iStock

A Chinese surgeon has transplanted a human head onto a cadaver for the first time, and announced that he was establishing a timeframe for the debut o(...)

Dr Sergio Canavero claims that modern medicine has solved  problems that have traditionally dogged head transplant operations.

A top Italian surgeon has said he plans to perform the first human head transplant as soon as 2017. Dr Sergio Canavero, of the Turin Advanced Neuromo(...)