A Thompson submachine gun: The IRA were the first customers for the gun, designed in 1919 by Gen John T Thompson.

During 1920, the IRA developed its tactics as the war progressed, attacking RIC barracks and towards the end of the year creating flying columns and a(...)

Liam Neeson as Michael Collins

The Irish War of Independence was both a political struggle and a military conflict. Militarily, the two sides appeared unfairly matched. By 1921, the(...)

The Custom House, then centre of local government, burns in May 1921. The operation to destroy it involved nearly 200 Volunteers. Photograph courtesy of the National Library of Ireland

The first six months of 1921 were by far the most violent period of the Irish War of Independence. In late 1920, a halt to the violence had looked p(...)

A cartoon depicting a uniformed Irish Volunteer (representing Ireland) being introduced to the Versailles Conference table by Uncle Sam. Other participants at the conference table are represented by stylised figures such as John Bull. Photograph: NLI

Every student of Irish history is taught that the War of Independence began on January 21st, 1919, with the ambush of a party escorting a cartload of(...)

A statue of a soldier erected to commemorate those who took part in the War of Independence in the village square of Galbally, Co Limerick. Photograph:  Getty

County: Limerick Incident: Shooting of Robert Byrnes Date: April 6th, 1919 IRA volunteers claimed they were ready to rise up against the British army(...)

Republican author and politician Erskine Childers (1870-1922), with his wife, aboard his yacht, the Asgard, which was used to run guns for the Irish Volunteers. Photograph: Hulton Archive/Getty Images

County: Wicklow Incident: Execution of Robert Erskine Childers Date: November 24th, 1922 Fatalities: 1 The Free State government had nothing to pin a(...)

Margaret Skinnider was one of more than 200 members of Cumann na mBan whose applications are contained in the archive.The files outline the women’s injuries, the risks they took and their heavy involvement in military action during the 1916 Rising and the Civil War.

County: Dublin Incident: Easter Rising Date: April 24-29th, 1916 The Irish Citizen Army assault on St Stephen’s Green during Easter Week 1916 was des(...)

Filew photograph Minister with responsibility for Defence, Paul Kehoe with Chief of Staff of the Defence Forces, Vice-Admiral Mark Mellett  (on left of Minister). Photograph: Colin Keegan, Collins Dublin

The Chief of Staff of the Defence Forces has warned military officers frustrated with the current recruitment and retention crisis about engaging in “(...)

Solohead village outside Tipperary town.

In January 1950 a memorial was unveiled to those who carried out the Soloheadbeg ambush. It is situated in Solohead village outside Tipperary town sur(...)

The site of the Soloheadbeg ambush, which  started a chain of events that brought about not just one but three civil conflicts that were fought primarily between Irish people. Photograph: Ronan McGreevy

On January 21, 1919, the Sinn Féin MPs elected to Parliament in 1918 implemented a policy of abstention from Westminster and met as Dáil Éireann, affi(...)

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