January 18th: The Paris Peace Conference opens. The tone is set early. French president Raymond Poincare declares: “You are assembled to repair the ev(...)

Tsar Nicholas II with Russian troops, who kneel in homage around 1910. The Peterburgski Listok newspaper reported on a visit to the tsar by France’s president Raymond Poincaré days before the outbreak in 1914 of the first World War. Photograph: Popperfoto/Getty Images

At the height of the July crisis, France’s president Raymond Poincaré visited St Petersburg to reinforce the Franco- Russian alliance. He arrived by s(...)

Registration of foreign aliens in Paris, August 1914, before their evacuation (Photo: Agence Rol Bibliothèque nationale de France, dpt. des Estampes et de la photographie)

The minarets of a Sarajevo mosque loom in the background. Men watching from balconies and in the street are coiffed with the red Ottoman fez. Gavrilo (...)

June 8th, 1914, Sarajevo: The arrest of Gavrilo Princip a 19-year-old Serbian nationalist, assassin of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his consort,  Photograph: Popperfoto/Getty Images

Along the banks of the river Miljacka which runs through the Bosnian capital of Sarajevo, stands a simple stone bridge. The distinctive Ottoman-sty(...)

Real power in France in 1914 lay neither with the depressed and overwhelmed prime minister René Viviani, nor with the figurehead president Raymond Poi(...)