Main candidates for Spanish general election: People’s Party’s Pablo Casado, prime minister and Socialist Workers’ Party Pedro Sanchez, Ciudadanos’s Albert Rivera and Unidas Podemos’s Pablo Iglesias. Photograph: Sergio Perez

In Madrid’s Plaza de Colón, the largest Spanish flag in the country hangs from a 50m-high mast and opposite stands a symbol of Spain’s Golden Age: a s(...)

Riot police clash with supporters of Catalan independence during a protest in Barcelona on Friday. Photograph: Angel Garcia/Bloomberg

A visit by Spanish prime minister Pedro Sánchez to Barcelona on Friday sparked street demonstrations by pro-independence activists and drew stinging r(...)

Protestors wave Catalan separatist flags following a demonstration on the first anniversary of Catalonia’s banned independence referendum in Barcelona, on Monday. Photograph: Enrique Calvo/Reuters

A year ago this week, Catalan nationalist parties held an independence referendum that the Spanish courts had declared illegal. The right-wing Partido(...)