Maryam Mirzakhani was awarded a Fields Medal for her mathematical research. She died from breast cancer at the age of 40 in 2017.

The influential collection of biographical essays by Eric Temple Bell, Men of Mathematics, was published in 1937. It covered the lives of about 40 mat(...)

A portrait of Norwegian mathematician Niels Henrik Abel. Image: Deagostini/Getty

When Alfred Nobel’s will appeared, the absence of any provision for a prize in mathematics gave rise to rumours of discord between Nobel and Gösta Mi(...)