Ireland’s contribution could include the restoration of peat bogs, reafforestation, and reduction in fertiliser use. Photograph: Alan Betson

The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) has described its new global deal on reversing land degradation, formally agreed l(...)

Residents in Pakistan’s Gojal Valley board boats on August 3rd, 2015, to cross Attabad Lake, which was formed following a landslide in January 2010. The loss of productive land can have devastating consequences. Photograph: Aamir Qureshi/AFP/Getty Images

“Environmental degradation . . . has a huge impact on human security and thus on the potential for outbreaks of violent conflict.” You might expect th(...)