Coastal lake in Connemara. Illustration: Michael Viney

When Europe’s vegetation crept back after the last ice age, Ireland was left rather limited in species. But many of our native plants now grow in land(...)

Squeezing Spaghnum: Leonie Tijsma (centre left, in yellow vest) guiding a walk on Lodge Bog, part of the Lullymore complex in Co Kildare. Photograph: Tadhg Ó Corcora

Joni Mitchell neatly summed up a paradox about conservation in a single line from one of her most memorable 1970s songs, Big Yellow Taxi: “You don’t k(...)