French president Emmanuel Macron   at a ceremony marking the centenary of the end of the first World War at  the Douaumont Ossuary cemetery  near Verdun. Photograph:  Ludovic Marin/AP

The forest of Compiègne opens onto a desolate glade, blanketed by fog on a recent autumn morning. Workers were draining the soaked earth and covering (...)

German prisoners taken during the ‘Hundred Days’ cycle of battles in summer 1918.

For the Allied armies, 1917 had ended on a grim note. Both the British and French armies had been badly damaged during their own offensives that year.(...)