Kemal Ataturk

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The great hall at Versailles was the site of the signing of the Treaty of Versailles which imposed swingeing terms on Germany and blamed it and Austria-Hungary for starting the first World War.

In mid-January 1919, amid revolutionary chaos in much of east-central Europe and a fierce civil war in Russia, the Paris Peace Conference convened to (...)

Turkish upheavals: a supporter of President Erdogan at a rally in Ankara. Photograph: Chris McGrath/Getty

The year was just an hour old when a man dressed in black approached the door of the nightclub, raised an automatic rifle and shot a security guard in(...)

Jonathan Bardon: many authors, while (rightly) concerned to be scholarly, do not seem to put themselves out to be lucid, lively and just plain readable

Historian Jonathan Bardon’s works include A History of Ulster (Blackstaff Press, 1992); Belfast: A Century (Blackstaff Press, 1999); Beyond the Stu(...)

There are in the oft-cited words of the Gallipoli message sent by Kemal Ataturk to Anzac veterans in 1934 a poignancy and generosity that have down th(...)