Éamon de Valera in 1948: JJ Lee’s analysis of the political state-builders, including William T Cosgrave, de Valera and Seán Lemass, was multilayered and nuanced. Photograph: Haywood Magee/Getty

When introducing his short history, Ireland in the Twentieth Century, published in 1975, historian John A Murphy noted that “in the absence of both pe(...)

Constance Markievicz and Kathleen Lynn at Earlsfort Terrace probably taken at the treaty debates, circa Dec 1921-Jan 1922. Photograph: Independent News and Media/Getty Images

In May 2018 another tranche of pension records were released, bringing the total number of applications for pensions submitted by women released to da(...)

The site of St Ultan’s Hospital, opened by Dr Kathleen Lynn and Madeleine ffrench Mullen in 1919,  on  Charlemont  Street: the building  is now a four-star hotel operated  by the Dalata Group. Photograph: Ronan McGreevy

In April, 1919, Dr Kathleen Lynn and Madeleine ffrench Mullen opened a hospital for infants, with £100 and two cots. They had made arrangements to buy(...)

Marking the centenary of women’s suffrage at Leinster House in January 2018 were (back row, from left): Seán Ó Fearghaíl, Ceann Comhairle, Alice Mary Higgins, Catherine Martin, Fiona O’Loughlin, Ivana Bacik, Denis O’Donovan, Cathaoirleach, and Senator Gabrielle McFadden; (front row, from left): Meg O’Brien, Megan O’Malley and Evelyn O’Keeffe. Photograph: Cyril Byrne

This year marks the centenary of the passing of the 1918 Act which provided Irish women with the right to vote for the first time. Legislation passed (...)

Éamon de Valera with members of his cabinet in December 1937 during the inauguration of the new Constitution, which further defined women’s place as in the home. Photograph: Hulton Archive

In December 1918, two women, Countess Constance Markievicz and Winifred Carney, ran for election on the island of Ireland and one, Markievicz, was ele(...)

Constance Markievicz as a captain in the Irish Citizen Army.

When Constance Markievicz – from a cell in London’s Holloway Prison – was nominated to stand as Sinn Féin’s candidate for Dublin’s St Patrick’s Ward i(...)

Constance Markievicz in the uniform of the Irish Citizen Army.

A colourful and striking figure, Constance Markievicz could not be said at first glance to be a typical revolutionary of that revolutionary time. Born(...)

Brother Allen with Christopher Brady, Liam O’Brien and Michael Molloy, compositors and printers of the 1916 Proclamation.

Brother William Palladius Allen, better known as WP, joined the staff of the O’Connell School in North Richmond Street in the years before the Easter(...)

Times past: The original Oireachtas 1913 group photograph outside the Town Hall in Galway

Éamonn Ceannt, Douglas Hyde, Pádraig Pearse and Constance Markievicz were in anything but insurrectional mood when they gathered in Galway for a very (...)

Thomas Clarke as an infant with his family and a tribesman in the Cape of Good Hope.

A photograph of Thomas Clarke – the first signatory of the 1916 Proclamation – as a baby in Africa in 1859 has come to light. The image shows one of(...)

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