Spanish dictator General Franco  inaugurates a number of new rooms in an army museum, on  March 11th, 1946. File photograph: Keystone/Getty Images

To reach the Valley of the Fallen, you drive up a steep, winding road through a pine forest 60km northwest of Madrid. It’s an idyllic spot, offering a(...)

Independence referendum: a leave supporter listens to King Felipe address Spain on Tuesday. Photograph: Pierre-Philippe Marcou/AFP/Getty

The restored Spanish monarchy has been warmly supported in the past by many democrats, and even by some republicans, for one very simple reason. They (...)

King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia arrive at Dublin Airport on July 1st 1986. Photograph: Tom Lawlor

The costs of a visit by the king of Spain, Juan Carlos I, and his wife Queen Sofia in 1986 included a £3,009 bill for a stay by the royal entourage at(...)

  King Felipe VI of Spain: Would be assassin Santiago Sánchez Ramírez says he could have killed Felipe on six occasions and his father Juan Carlos on 12. Photograph:  Eduardo Parra/Getty

A would-be sniper, who had Spain’s King Felipe VI and dozens of other public figures in his sights as part of an elaborate plan to embarrass the coun(...)

Basque leader Arnaldo Otegi speaks to  supporters after being released from prison on Tuesday. “This is an historic day, we’ll definitely remember this day for years to come,” one supporter said. Photograph: Ander Gillenea/AFP/Getty Images

Arnaldo Otegi, a leading Basque separatist figure who has long been seen as a major influence on the terrorist group Eta, has been freed after six yea(...)

Arnaldo Otegi speaks after being released from Logrono’s prison on March 1st, 2016. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Arnaldo Otegi, a leading figure of the Basque independence movement who has long been seen as a major influence on the terrorist group Eta, has been f(...)

Spain’s Princess Cristina of Spain and her husband Iñaki Urdangarin, who go on trial on Monday on tax fraud charges, pictured in June 2010. Photograph: Attila Kisbenedek/AFP/Getty Images

Spain’s Princess Cristina, the younger sister of King Felipe, goes on trial on Monday on tax fraud charges in a case that has rocked the monarchy and (...)

The University of Limerick has awarded an Honorary Doctor of Science to former Ireland rugby captain Paul O’Connell. He is pictured with his wife Emily, children, Lola (1) and Paddy (5) as he prepared for the conferring ceremony. Photograph: Alan Place/Fusionshooters.

He may give the orders on the rugby pitch but Paul O’Connell insists team-mates will not have to call him ‘Dr Paul’ following his conferring with an h(...)

 Former  Spanish prime minister Felipe Gonzalez speaks to journalists after a meeting  Lilian Tintori (right)  and other  wives of Venezuelan imprisoned opposition leaders, and  members of the opposition alliance  in Caracas, on Monday. Photograph: Miguel Gutierrez/EPA

Former Spanish prime minister Felipe González has made a short visit to Venezuela to offer support to two jailed politicians in a move which has he(...)

A unit of the new highspeed train built by Spanish manufacturer Talgo is loaded onto a freighter in Barcelona’s port bound for Jeddah City in Saudi Arabia. The Medina-Mecca rail link is plagued by delays, political tensions and technical headaches. Photograph: Josep Lago/AFP/Getty Images

It was meant to be a pioneering feat of engineering and an international showcase for Spain’s mastery of high-speed rail infrastructure. But less than(...)

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