Colonel Butler, Lieutenant-Colonel Devereux and Captain De Burgo surprise Field Marshal von Wallenstein.

Walter Butler, a descendant of the Roscrea branch of the Earls of Ormond who owned Kilkenny Castle, died on Christmas Day in 1634 while fighting in so(...)

‘From the mid-17th century – with the intensification of anti-Catholic persecution under Cromwell – the numbers of Irish religious in Prague increased. The 18 friars in 1634 had risen to more than 50 by 1654.’ Photograph: Getty Images

The story of the waves of emigration forced on the Catholic Irish by the consolidation of English Protestant power in Ireland in the 17th and 18th cen(...)