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A dental plaque deposit on this Spanish Neanderthal’s teeth reveals consumption of poplar, a source of aspirin. Photograph: Paleoanthropology Group MNCN-CSIC

A lack of dental care has given researchers an opportunity to see what Neanderthals had for breakfast. The Australian and UK scientists also discove(...)

Falcon, Ant-Man, Hawkeye, Captain America, Scarlet Witch and Winter Soldier in Captain America: Civil War

Spider-man flies across the city on his spider silk, one of a number of special powers acquired after the bite of a radioactive arachnid. Tony Stark (...)

New DNA tests could identify a person’s hair and eye colour, height and facial appearance. Illustration via Getty Images

What if finding DNA was all the police needed to know what a suspect looked like? This could become reality. Irish geneticist Dr Susan Walsh has re(...)

Nearly all corn and soybeans grown in the US are genetically modified. Above, activists take part in a march against US agrochemical giant Monsanto and GMO foods in Los Angeles. Photograph: Robyn Beck/AFP/Getty Images

The discovery of the molecular structure of the genetic material DNA in 1953 revolutionised understanding of the molecular basis of life. Many prac(...)

‘This step has not been taken lightly.’ Above: the House of Commons backs mitochondrial donation techniques

Mitochondria are tiny and complex structures within cells. Every cell in your body has a large number of mitochondria, ranging from hundreds to hun(...)

 Parchments such as this 14th century archbishop’s register hold clues to ancient DNA of animals. Photograph: By permission of the Borthwick Institute for Archives

Documents similar to the Book of Kells and other ancient parchments may soon reveal more secrets.Scientists at Trinity College Dublin and the Univers(...)

Ireland sees 110 new cases of motor neurone disease every year. Illustration: 
. images: getty images/science photo library
Getty Images/Science Photo Library

Today sees the formal launch in Ireland of Project Mine, an ambitious international effort to find the genetic causes of motor neurone disease. It (...)

The team studied every gene in the genome of 363 patients with Motor Neurone Disease.

An international study involving Irish researchers has identified a gene associated with Motor Neurone Disease. The discovery will advance knowledge o(...)

A Viking burial at Islandbridge, Dublin

The number of Viking warrior burials in Dublin is extraordinary in the Viking world, say archaeologists. Many were buried with swords and other Vik(...)

The skull of King Richard III: Scientists have announced plans to sequence Richard III’s genomes in an attempt to discover more about the 15th-century monarch, including what he really looked like. Photograph: University of Leicester/PA

King Richard III has been dead for almost 530 years, but the secrets of his genetic make-up will soon (...)