French far-right Front National (FN) party’s Member of Parliament Marine Le Pen speaks to  the press after French president Emmanuel Macron gave a speech during a special congress gathering both houses of parliament (National Assembly and Senate) in the palace of Versailles, outside Paris, on July 3rd, 2017. Photograph: Martin Bureau/AFP/Getty Images

Populism has been on the rise in the West for more than four decades. But the earth-shattering events of the past year, the Brexit referendu(...)

 Marine Le Pen,  leader of far-right Front National. She denounces dire forecasts as fear-mongering by her opponents. Photograph: Mathieu Cugnot/EPA

There will be no jubilant crowds waving blue-and-gold European flags and singing Beethoven’s Ode to Joy in French streets on Saturday to mark the 60th(...)