Smoke rises after shelling in Stepanakert  during fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh. Photograph: Aris Messinis

Azerbaijan’s president ruled out making any concessions to Armenia on Friday ahead of talks aimed at halting the deadliest fighting in the South Cauca(...)

Kassym-Jomart Tokayev: will formally rule as president but wield less actual authority than his mentor. Photograph:  Igor Kovalenko/EPA

Kazakhstan has arrested protesters and been accused of voting misconduct amid a rubber-stamp election of the country’s new president, a longtime ally (...)

Russian president Vladimir Putin  speaks at a youth forum titled  Russia, Land of Opportunity,   in Moscow, on Thursday, ahead of the presidential election this weekend. Photograph: Alexei Druzhinin, Sputnik, Kremlin Pool Photo via AP

Vladimir Putin has made a late appeal to his people to participate in Sunday’s Russian presidential election and make their voices heard in selecting (...)

Henry Bolton announcing his decision not to resign as Ukip leader in Folkestone on Monday. Photograph: Gareth Fuller/PA Wire

Ukip leader Henry Bolton has refused to step down after the resignation of a number of senior party figures and a unanimous vote of no confidence in h(...)

Prisoners of war (POWs) from   separatist, self-proclaimed republics on the Ukraine-Russia border board a bus during an exchange of captives near the city of Bakhmut in Donetsk region, Ukraine. Photograph: Valentyn Ogirenko/Reuters

Ukrainian authorities and separatist rebels fighting in the country’s east exchanged hundreds of captives on Wednesday, in the first major prisoner sw(...)

A supporter of Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan awaits his arrival at Ankara following his narrow victory in a historic referendum that will give him sweeping powers. Photograph: Elif Sogut/Getty Images

German chancellor Angela Merkel said Turkish leaders should open talks with opponents and the European Union after a narrow referendum victory, while (...)

A woman passes election posters of candidates Beka Odisharia of the Georgian Dream party and Irakli Abesadze of United National Movement party, in Tbilisi, Georgia. Photograph: Zurab Kurtsikidze/EPA

Georgia’s ruling party decisively won a second round of voting on Sunday, giving it more than three-quarters of seats in parliament, enough to change (...)

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov (centre) listens as the US Secretary of State John Kerry (bottom left) delivers remarks during the annual Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe Ministerial Council meeting in Belgrade on December 3rd, 2015. Photograph: Jonathan Ernst/AFP/Getty  Images

Russian foreign minister Sergei Lavrov will meet his Turkish counterpart Mevlut Cavusoglu on Thursday to discuss the downing of a Russian warplane by (...)

 Ilham Aliyev with Kazakhstan’s president Nursultan Nazarbayev. A drop in oil prices has made it harder for him to deliver on his promise to raise living standards. Photograph: Alexey Nikolsky/EPA/Ria Novosti/Kremlin pool

The people of Azerbaijan will vote in a parliamentary election on Sunday overshadowed by a merciless crackdown on human rights in the oil-rich forme(...)