A video-grab  of the speaker of the Catalan regional parliament, Roger Torrent, as he testified  at the supreme court in Madrid in the so-called “process” trial against 12 Catalan separatists leaders. Photograph: EPA

The police’s handling of an outlawed referendum and the behaviour of pro-independence demonstrators have come under scrutiny during the trial of 12 Ca(...)

Carles Puigdemont, Catalonia’s president, applauds during a demonstration against the Spanish government and the imprisonment of separatist leaders, in Barcelona on Saturday.  Photograph: Angel Garcia/Bloomberg

The Spanish government’s plan to introduce direct rule in Catalonia is under scrutiny, with the region’s current administration warning that civil ser(...)