A  Defence Forces piper accompanies  a wreath-laying ceremony at Moore Street, Dublin, Easter Monday, 2016. Photograph: Aidan Crawley

Moore Street, in the shadow of the GPO - the scene of tumult and tragedy in Easter Week 1916, and now a scene of confrontation once again. On Easter(...)

O’Connell Bridge with  buildings ruined after 1916 Easter Rising. Photograph: Thomas Johnson Westropp courtesy of the Royal Irish Academy

The commemoration of 1916 is fraught with conflicting motivations and possibilities. The activity of relatives of those involved made me consider my o(...)

 The GPO after 1916. If in the event of Patrick Pearse’s inner IRB circle of the Irish Volunteers had a simple contingency plan for their Dublin rising, it could have been much more effective.   Photograph: Thomas Johnson Westropp

The Easter Rising is often viewed as a “glorious sacrifice” led by brave men with little military experience. What if they had had some? There are nu(...)

James Connolly did not return to Liberty Hall after lunch.

January 19th, 1916 James Connolly missing. “He did not return to Liberty Hall after lunch,” Desmond Ryan, lieutenant in the Irish Volunteers, would l(...)

Eamon Ceannt in 1916
Plans for a rising: Setting a date

By the autumn of 1915 Ireland appeared to be a haven of tranquillity in a continent tearing itself apart through war. Her economy boomed as Irish f(...)

Former Communist Party leader Bela Biszku listens to judge Szabolcs Toth (top 2nd L) during his trial in Budapest today. Photograph: Laszlo Balogh/Reuters.

A former senior Communist Party official went on trial in Hungary today charged with war crimes over the suppression of the 1956 anti-Soviet up(...)