Nazi leader Adolf Hitler meets with the Vatican ambassador. File photograph: Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group via Getty Images

“We behold with sorrow,” wrote Achille Ratti (the new Pope Pius XI) in 1922, “society lapsing back slowly but surely into a state of barbarism.” Despi(...)

Éamon de Valera in New York with Friends of Irish Freedom’s Judge Daniel  Cohalan and John Devoy in July 1919. Photograph:   Topical Press Agency/Getty

As Ireland continues to mark various centenaries connected to the struggle for independence, this month marks the 100-year anniversary of an important(...)

Belgian prime minister Charles Michel. The so-called ‘métis’ children, the product of relationships between settlers and local women, were forcibly taken to Belgium between 1959 and 1962. Photograph: Stephanie Lecocq/EPA

Belgium’s prime minister, Charles Michel, is to apologise on behalf of the state for the kidnapping of mixed-race children torn from their Congolese m(...)

Lot 105: The Lovers After Courbet by Basil Blackshaw (€20,000-€40,000).

Mankind has long been fascinated by the naked human body expressed as an art form. A refection of ourselves, and sometimes conveying social and politi(...)

What’s happening? The best rugby players on the planet - with Johnny Sexton and All Blacks captain Kieran Read at the vanguard - have drawn a line in(...)

circa 1916:  Woodrow Wilson (1856 - 1924) the 28th President of the United States of America.  (Photo by Topical Press Agency/Getty Images)

From 1914 onwards, immigrant groups in the United States – Irish, Poles, Jews, Italians, Germans, Magyars and nationalities in the Mid-European Union,(...)

The great hall at Versailles was the site of the signing of the Treaty of Versailles which imposed swingeing terms on Germany and blamed it and Austria-Hungary for starting the first World War.

In mid-January 1919, amid revolutionary chaos in much of east-central Europe and a fierce civil war in Russia, the Paris Peace Conference convened to (...)

On February 22nd, 1919, Sean T Ó Ceallaigh wrote a letter to French premier Georges Clemenceau from the Grand Hotel on Boulevard des Capuchines in Par(...)

1919: Germans take war machines apart outside Berlin. Under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles Germany was required to disarm. This tank is in fact a British tank, captured and put into service by the Germans. Photograph:  Hulton Archive/Getty Images

“German economic life is to be annihilated . . . It amounts to the denial of the people’s right to existence.” (German foreign minister Count Brockdor(...)

January 18th: The Paris Peace Conference opens. The tone is set early. French president Raymond Poincare declares: “You are assembled to repair the ev(...)

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