The GPO after 1916. If in the event of Patrick Pearse’s inner IRB circle of the Irish Volunteers had a simple contingency plan for their Dublin rising, it could have been much more effective.   Photograph: Thomas Johnson Westropp

The Easter Rising is often viewed as a “glorious sacrifice” led by brave men with little military experience. What if they had had some? There are nu(...)

English politician and writer Augustine Birrell (1850 - 1933) when chief secretary for Ireland. Photograph: Hulton Archive/Getty Images

In October 1914 the writer George Russell (AE) wrote to his friend Charles Weekes, who had asked him why he was scared about Ireland: “I can hardly(...)