Luke O’Neill (centre) with his team Niamh Williams, Eva Palsson-McDermott, Luke O’Neill, James Early, Kathy Banahan, Alex Hooftman, Marah Runtsch, Richard Carroll (back), Sarah Corcoran, Dylan Ryan and Stefano Angiari with a sample of itaconate, a metabolite made from glucose that is an anti-inflammatory found naturally in the body. Photograph: Alan Betson

Scientists in Ireland, the UK and US have discovered a new metabolic process in the body that can switch off inflammation. The discovery opens up a st(...)

Many runners have chosen to go minimal when running, but the great majority of runners remain attached to their expensive footwear.

If you want to lower risk of injury while running, leave the expensive footwear behind and run with minimal or no shoes. Research from the Universit(...)

The Aedes aegypti mosquito is behind the large outbreaks of Zika virus in Latin America and the Caribbean. Photograph: James Gathany/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention via AP File

Many athletes and visitors at the Olympic games in Rio may worry about possible contagion with the Zika virus. This concern may soon be a thing of the(...)

Dr Clare Tempany-Afdhal, professor of radiology at Harvard Medical School, is Ferenc Jolesz chair of radiology research at the department of radiology, Brigham & Women’s Hospital

Surrounded by doctors growing up, medicine wasn’t an unusual career path for Clare Tempany-Afdhal. Four of her father’s siblings are medical profess(...)

Dr Charlotte Blease: would truthfulness about therapy make it less effective?

As the stigma surrounding mental health is lifted, more people are turning to psychotherapy to help with such problems as stress, anxiety and depressi(...)

Scientists have discovered a chemical that protects juvenile rodents from sexual predators. Photograph: Soe Zeya Tun/Reuters

Paedophile mice are kept at bay by the tears of their potential victims, research has shown.The tears contain a pheromone signalling chemical that put(...)

Hot chocolate can help older people keep their brains healthy, research has shown. Photograph: Cyril Byrne / The Irish Times

Hot chocolate can help older people keep their brains healthy, research has shown.Two cups of cocoa a day boosted blood flow to the brain and improved(...)

Two HIV patients in Boston who received stem-cell transplants for cancer had no trace of the AIDS-causing virus after the procedure. Photograph: World Aids Day

Two HIV patients in Boston who received stem-cell transplants for cancer had no trace of the AIDS-causing virus after the procedure, suggesting they m(...)