British prime minister Boris Johnson: In its role as the “guardian of the treaties”, the European Commission is duty-bound to ensure the rule of law is adhered to – the option of not suing the UK is simply not on.  Photograph: Hollie Adams/Bloomberg

When the UK decided unilaterally to extend “grace periods” over the imposition of checks on goods in the Irish Sea, it did so in defiance of its treat(...)

Naoufal Fassih: was surrendered to the Netherlands and convicted of attempted murder, assault, possession of false documents and money laundering. He was jailed for 18 years for those offences. File Photograph: Courts Collins

A Dutch gang leader who was arrested during a Garda swoop on a suspected Kinahan cartel property in Dublin has lost an appeal against a High Court dec(...)

Polish president Andrzej Duda; and Polish ombudsman Adam Bodnar. Photograph: Wojtek Radwanski/AFP via Getty

Polish president Andrzej Duda has attacked the departing ombudsman as “anti-Polish” for suggesting their central European homeland has taken an “anti-(...)

The Court of Justice of the European Union ruled Goldman Sachs was liable for Prysmian’s actions. File photograph: Brendan McDermid/Reuters

US investment bank Goldman Sachs lost its fight on Wednesday against a European Union cartel fine handed down to its former Italian subsidiary and cab(...)

State faces European court setback over use of mobile phone records in Graham Dwyer case. Photograph: Cyril Byrne

Apparently, the Government has suddenly grown concerned that it will lose a case which the Supreme Court referred to the European Court of Justice (EC(...)

Facebook and Instagram have more than 400 million users in the EU and have about 25 million businesses that use apps provided by them. Photograph:  Kenzo Tribouillard / AFP

Facebook has significant concerns about its ability to deliver its services to its 400 million European users as a result of the Data Protection Commi(...)

Facebook was at the centre of both of Max Schrems’ Irish-originating complaints that have now produced decisive and far-reaching judgements from Europe’s highest court. Photograph: Joe Klamar/AFP/Getty Images

After the European Court of Justice (CJEU) handed down another major judgement two weeks ago in the “Schrems 2.0” data protection case, discussion has(...)

Austrian privacy activist Max Schrems: “It is clear that the US will have to seriously change their surveillance laws, if US companies want to continue to play a major role on the EU market.” Photograph: Getty

Europe’s top court has declared an arrangement under which companies transfer personal data from the European Union to the US invalid due to concerns (...)

The cartel senate members of the German federal court open the negotiations between Facebook and Bundeskartellamt, the German federal cartel authority. Photograph: Uli deck/ EPA

Facebook has insisted nothing will change for its German users after a court injunction on Tuesday that could limit its data collection policies. On (...)

German chancellor Angela Merkel: her accord with Emmanuel Macron is a conscious end-run around the German Constitutional Court. Photograph: Odd Andersen

When Angela Merkel joined Emmanuel Macron on Monday to announce their support for a €500 billion pandemic recovery package, she was not only breaking (...)

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