A Catalan man with his child in his arms argues with a Spanish National riot policemen during clashes outside the Ramon Llull school in Barcelona. Photograph: Andreu Dalmau/EPA

Pepa Mainou was the first person to vote in L’Arenal de Llevant school on Sunday morning. She, like dozens of others, had queued outside the building,(...)

Catalan independence supporters gather at the Montjuich fountains in Barcelona on Friday ahead of Sunday’s planned referendum. Photograph: Felipe Dana/AP

A controversial referendum on Catalan independence which has plunged Spain into its deepest political crisis for decades is scheduled for this Sunday,(...)

Pro-referendum demonstrators brandish their ballots during a demonstration outside Barcelona’s university. Photograph: Josep Lago/AFP/Getty Images

Demonstrators calling for Catalan independence gathered in hundreds of towns across the region yesterday following the Madrid government’s actions las(...)