French far-right Front National (FN) party’s Member of Parliament Marine Le Pen speaks to  the press after French president Emmanuel Macron gave a speech during a special congress gathering both houses of parliament (National Assembly and Senate) in the palace of Versailles, outside Paris, on July 3rd, 2017. Photograph: Martin Bureau/AFP/Getty Images

Populism has been on the rise in the West for more than four decades. But the earth-shattering events of the past year, the Brexit referendu(...)