Carlo Cottarelli: steps in to lead government as  Five Star leader Luigi Di Maio claims President  Sergio Mattarella was responsible for “the darkest night Italy’s democracy has ever seen”.   Photograph: Andreas Solaro/AFP/Getty

European capitals watched nervously on Monday and markets tumbled as Carlo Cottarelli stepped forward to head a temporary new Italian government. The (...)

French far-right Front National (FN) party’s Member of Parliament Marine Le Pen speaks to  the press after French president Emmanuel Macron gave a speech during a special congress gathering both houses of parliament (National Assembly and Senate) in the palace of Versailles, outside Paris, on July 3rd, 2017. Photograph: Martin Bureau/AFP/Getty Images

Populism has been on the rise in the West for more than four decades. But the earth-shattering events of the past year, the Brexit referendu(...)