Chief of Staff of the Defence Forces, Vice Admiral Mark Mellett, with the chair of the Remembering Edward Bransfield Committee, Jim Wilson, at the unveiling of a monument to Bransfield in his  home village of Ballinacurra in East Cork. Photograph: Barry Roche

Edward Bransfield, the pioneering Irish polar explorer and the first person to officially record discovering Antarctica, has been honoured with the un(...)

Members of the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition  1914-17, led by Ernest Shackleton, drink a toast to ‘sweethearts and wives’ on board the Endurance. Photograph: Frank Hurley/Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge/Getty Images

So far, this winter has been colder than the last. Christmas scarves, hats and gloves have already been put to good use. The return to school means th(...)

General Pinochet came to power by a military coup aided by the CIA. The workers resistance is violently and brutally crushed. The price paid by the Chilean working class was terrible. 50, 000 workers are murdered, 100,000 disappear and many are forced to take up exile. Photograph:  Keystone-France/Gamma-Keystone via Getty Images

Just before 10am on New Year’s Eve 1986, armed men arrived at the office of a small organisation for the resettlement of migrants, in Santiago, Chile(...)