A man uses a hand pump to fill up a container with drinking water as others wait in a queue on a street in Chennai, India. Photograph: P Ravikumar/Reuters

More than 600 million people dependent on agriculture have been adversely affected by drought conditions across swathes of India. Soaring temperatur(...)

Indian voters show their ink-marked fingers after casting their votes at a polling centre in Amritsar. Photograph: Nardinder Nanu/AFP/Getty

Indian prime minister Narendra Modi’s ruling alliance is likely to win a big majority in parliament after a mammoth general election that ended on Sun(...)

Passengers ride the train from Joginder Nagar, India. The 160km journey from the  city of Pathankot, in the state of Punjab, to Joginder Nagar, takes 10 hours. Photograph: Rebecca Conway/The New York Times

Across the Kangra Valley, in the hills below the snow-capped peaks of the Himalayas, the promise of a modern railway reverberated like the beginning o(...)

Indian women wait outside to cast their votes at a polling station in Supana village in Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, India. Photograph: Rajat Gupta/EPA

Women make up about half of India’s population of more than 1.3 billion, but they continue to be poorly represented in parliament and state legislatur(...)

Indian soldiers inspect the remains of an Indian Air Force helicopter after it crashed in Budgam district, outside Srinagar Photograph: Tauseef Mustafa/AFP/Getty

Tensions between nuclear-armed rivals India and Pakistan escalated sharply on Wednesday, following conflicting claims by both of having shot down each(...)

Indian people take the injured to the hospital after a private school bus plunged off a cliff in Nurpur, Kangra district.  Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

At least 27 children were killed when their school bus skidded off a mountain road into a gorge in the foothills of the Himalayas, officials have said(...)

Men sleep on a temporary shade built over a drain next to a slum during a heatwave in New Delhi, India, May 28th, 2015. Photograph: Reuters/Anindito Mukherjee

The death toll in a weeks-long heatwave in India has now risen to at least 1,826. Meteorological officials called the hot weather “severe” and warned (...)

Simla in northern India, capital of the Himachal Pradesh Territory on the southern slopes of the Himalayas and summer capital of India, photographed  circa 1955. The town is now known as Shimla. Photograph: Hulton Archive

The spirits of English sahibs and their equally grand memsahibs would be aghast at what Shimla, the Raj’s charming summer capital in northern India, h(...)