The British microbiologist Alexander Fleming, who received the Nobel Prize in 1945 for his  discovery of penicillin in 1928. Photograph: Keystone-France/Gamma-Keystone via Getty Images

The discovery of penicillin instigated one of history’s greatest medical advances, and our archives reveal that Irish scientists, seaweed harvesters, (...)

Thomas McDonagh, one of 41 IRA men who died during the War of Independence in Roscommon, remembered on a memorial outside Elphin. Photograph: Ronan McGreevy

County: Roscommon Incident: Rathra ambush Date: September 2nd, 1920 Fatalities: 3 A request to defend Ballaghaderreen from the Black and Tans was ref(...)

Emily Logan, Irish Human Rights and Equality  Commissioner, launching the Commission’s annual report . Photograph: Cyril Byrne / THE IRISH TIMES

An arson attack on a Donegal hotel that was due to receive 100 asylum seekers provided a stark reminder that, in spite of our harrowing history of mas(...)

Cllr Michael Mulligan, Dr Martin Garvey and Micheal Frain on The Square, with a view of Main Street, Ballaghaderreen, Co Roscommon. Photograph; Mick McCormack

When the people of Ballaghaderreen confounded the naysayers and opened their community to Syrian refugees last year, it was regarded as an important v(...)

 Former president  Mary McAleese says Ireland needs to demonstrate ‘the promise of the hundred thousand welcomes is not a fairy story’. Photograph: Photograph: Eric Luke

Former president of Ireland Mary McAleese has urged Christians to speak out against against anti-immigrant sentiment as hundreds of church bells were (...)

The high-handed manner in which the Department of Justice set about providing temporary accommodation for Syrian refugees in Ballaghadereen, Co Roscom(...)

Ballaghaderreen’s Market Square: For more than three decades the town has had a significant Muslim population. Photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons

The old hometown’s just the same. If under something of a strain. Ballaghaderreen is a welcoming place. A sign at one entrance is a reminder. It rec(...)

A view down  Main Street in Ballaghaderreen, Co Roscommon. File photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons/The Irish Times

The decision to accommodate 80 Syrian refugees in Ballaghaderreen, Co Roscommon, is “not a bad news story”, the chief executive of Roscommon County Co(...)

The audience at a debate last week organised by the London Irish Business Society

As the bingo cards and markers are put away in the early afternoon, chat in a Luton-Irish forum turns to Brexit. Richard Coogan, originally from How(...)