Residents who support a united Spain give their farewell to Spanish police officer leaving the Pineda de Mar hotels in Barcelona. Photograph: Andreu Dalmau/EPA

Most of today’s nations emerged from the dissolution of empires. Nationalisms now threaten the dissolution of states. The independence movement in Cat(...)

Russia occupied Crimea in 2014 and replaced Ukrainian laws with Russian laws. Photograph: EPA/Sergei Ilnitsky

Russia is committing “grave” human rights violations in Crimea, including its imposition of citizenship and by deporting prisoners, a UN human rights (...)

German Chancellor Angela Merkel leaves a news conference in Berlin on Tuesday. Photogrph: Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters

German chancellor Angela Merkel has said she sees no possibility for deepening EU co-operation with Ankara at present as the rule of law no longer exi(...)

Russian S-400 Triumph rocket systems: purchase puts Turkey in direct confrontation with its fellow Nato members and the West. Photograph:  Alexey Sazonov/AFP/Getty

On a visit to the ruined, ancient city of Ani last month, my tour guide offers an alternative perspective on the murder of hundreds of thousands of Ar(...)

Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny sits in a court room in Moscow on  August 4th. Photograph: Ivan Sekretarev/AP

When Alexei Navalny sat down for his first campaign debate last month, he tried hard to appear presidential. His spiky cowlick fringe brushed flat and(...)

 Russian president Vladimir Putin visits the Nizhne-Bureiskaya Hydroelectric Power Plant on the Bureya river near the Novobureisky, about 175km east of the city of Blagoveshchensk in Amur region. Photograph: Alexey Nikolsky/Sputnik/ EPA

Vladimir Putin visited a vast new gas project on Thursday that will reinforce his country’s prowess as a global energy power, just days after the US e(...)

US president Donald Trump: grudgingly signed into law sanctions against Moscow.   Photograph: Jonathan Ernst/Reuters

US president Donald Trump has said Washington’s relationship with Russia is at an “an all-time and very dangerous low,” and blamed Congress for the si(...)

 Russian president Vladimir Putin said  the US sanctions were a step to worsening relations between the two countries.  Photograph: EPA/Maxim Shipenkov

President Vladimir Putin has said Russia will expel 755 US diplomatic staff and could consider imposing additional measures against the United States (...)

Russian president Vladimir Putinvisits the Pioneering Spirit pipelaying ship in the Black Sea in June. Photograph: Mikhail Metzel/AFP/Getty Images

For those who saw it coming, the sight of a massive, 382-metre-long ship passing through Istanbul’s Bosphorus Strait in May said a lot about Turkey’s (...)

 Donald Trump jnr:  It is unclear whether the Russian lawyer he met in June 2016, Natalia Veselnitskaya, produced any  compromising information about Hillary Clinton. Photograph: Al Drago/The New York Times

US president Donald Trump’s eldest son, Donald Trump jnr, was promised damaging information about Hillary Clinton before agreeing to meet a Kremlin-co(...)