Āfar

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A 3.8 million-year-old skull of an early human, known as ‘MRD’, which belongs to the species Australopithecus anamensis, displayed during its presentation in Addis Ababa. Photograph: Michael Tewelde/AFP/Getty Images

The discovery of a 3.8 million-year-old skull is a “game changer” in the understanding of human evolution, scientists say. Researchers have discovere(...)

Afar girls displaying the braided hair styles popular among the women. Photograph: James Jeffrey

My three-wheel Bajaj taxi, powered by what sounded like a lawn mower engine, had somehow managed to bounce along the undulating dirt track through the(...)

Fighters backing the Iraqi forces pose with the Iraqi flag from Tal Afar’s Ottoman-era historic citadel on Sunday. Photograph: Ahmad Al-Rubayeahmad/Getty

Iraqi forces have retaken almost all of Tal Afar, Islamic State’s stronghold in the country’s northwest, the Iraqi military said on Sunday. After jus(...)

Fighters of the Hashed Al-Shaabi (Popular Mobilization units) flash the victory sign  in  Tal Afar, west of Mosul,  August 26th, 2017. Photograph: Ahmad Al-Rubaye/AFP/Getty Images

Iraqi forces raised the national flag on Saturday in the heart of Tal Afar, Islamic State’s stronghold in Iraq’s northwest, and said they were poised (...)

A man purported to be Isis leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi at a mosque in Mosul, according to a video recording posted on online on July 5th, 2014. Photograph: Reuters

US and Iraqi officials believe the leader of the so-called Islamic State (Isis), Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, has left commanders behind with diehard followe(...)

Iraqi Christian soldiers attend the first Sunday mass at the Grand Immaculate Church since it was recaptured from Islamic State in Qaraqosh, near Mosul, in Iraq. Photograph: Ahmed Jadallah/Reuters

Iraqi troops and security forces edged closer to Mosul on two southern fronts on Sunday, but a leader of the Shia militias newly participating in the (...)

About 4,000 homes still rely on dial-up internet, a throwback to the 1990s. A key priority for the State’s National Broadband Plan must be to avoid the instant obsolescence seen in previous digital initiatives. The NBP’s predecessor, begun in 2009, delivered a basic download speed of 1.2 megabits per second (mbps) to 250,000 homes, and was obsolete even before its completion

What does a small business owner in Co Tipperary have in common with a goat herder in northern Ethiopia? They both need a satellite to receive email:(...)

A file image showing Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) fighters near their  base in Sinjar. The PKK is fighting Islamic State in northwest Iraq. Photograph: Reuters

Islamic State militants are reported to have killed at least 300 captive Yazidis at a prison camp in northern Iraq, the latest mass killing carried ou(...)