Pictures of jailed Catalan pro-independence leaders are held up during a demonstration in Barcelona, on Friday, in support of 12 pro-independence leaders that were transferred from Barcelona to Madrid ahead of the start of their trial. Photograph: Lluis Gene/AFP/Getty Images

Spain’s foreign ministry announced this week it was preparing to launch a campaign that would explain to the world, with total transparency, the detai(...)

15,000 students take part in a protest in Barcelona on Monday against Spanish police forces’ actions during Sunday’s referendum. Photograph: EPA/JUAN CARLOS CARDENAS

The Catalan president Carles Puigdemont has called on the international community to mediate in Spain’s territorial crisis and said he wants Spanish s(...)

A man holds a dummy ballot before participating in a symbolic vote organised two days before a banned independence referendum in Spain’s northeastern region of Catalonia. Photograph: Reuters/Rafael Marchante

The referendum on independence planned by the nationalist Catalan government for this Sunday is the culmination of decades, some would say centuries, (...)

Catalan independence supporters gather at the Montjuich fountains in Barcelona on Friday ahead of Sunday’s planned referendum. Photograph: Felipe Dana/AP

A controversial referendum on Catalan independence which has plunged Spain into its deepest political crisis for decades is scheduled for this Sunday,(...)

Students  demonstrate against the position of the Spanish government to ban the self-determination referendum, in Barcelona. Photograph: Dan Kitwood/Getty Images

Thousands of students took to the streets of Barcelona and other cities in Catalonia on Thursday to demand the right to vote in the referendum on inde(...)

Dolores Agenjo: “There is a fear, a fear of being identified, of being on a blacklist.”

Dolores Agenjo takes out her phone and hurriedly swipes through it. Eager to make a point, the retired head teacher finds the message she was looking (...)

Students gather at the historical headquarters of the University of Barcelona during a pro-referendum demonstration. Photograph: Lluis Gene/AFP/Getty Images

The Spanish government informed the authorities in Catalonia on Friday that it was deploying police reinforcements to the northeastern region to boos(...)

People wave “Esteladas” (pro-independence Catalan flags) in Barcelona on the national day of Catalonia, the “Diada”, on September 11th. Photograph:  Pau Barrena/AFP/Getty Images

WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange has described it as “the most important political development in the West this year, by far” and it has already throw(...)

Assempling a giant Estelada flag – Catalan’s separatist flag –  during a pro-independence rally in Sant Cugat del Valles, near Barcelona. Photograph: Albert Gea/Reuters

El País newspaper has labelled it “the biggest taboo in the constitution” and the Basque Nationalist Party has called for it to be eliminated altogeth(...)