French president Emmanuel Macron. “This is the first time that a head of state has spoken to all the peoples of Europe in their languages,” says an adviser of Mr Macron’s open lettter. Photograph: Gonzalo Fuentes/Reuters

Emmanuel Macron’s open letter to the citizens of the European Union is an urgent appeal for mobilisation against the threats of what the French presid(...)

French president Emmanuel Macron  sits prior to answering questions during a meeting with local residents as part of the “great national debate” in Bourg-de-Peage near Valence, France, on Thursday. Photograph: Emmanuel Foudrot/AFP/Getty Images

While weekly protests by gilets jaunes and President Emmanuel Macron’s “great national debate” continue, the minds of French politicians turn increasi(...)

Ségolène Royal is a veteran of 30 years in French politics. She was the first woman in France to make it to the runoff in a presidential election. Photograph: Loic Venance/AFP/Getty Images

If there were a prize for sheer dogged indestructibility in French politics, Ségolène Royal would surely win it. The first woman to make it to the ru(...)

French Government’s spokesperson Benjamin Griveaux. Photograph: Philippe Lopez/AFP/Getty Images

Emmanuel Macron’s party, La République En Marche, marked the first anniversary of the French president’s landmark speech on Europe at the Sorbonne wit(...)

French president Emmanuel Macron said contradictions within the European People’s Party and the Party of European Socialists in the European Parliament are blocking progress. Photograph: Ludovic Marin/AP

President Emmanuel Macron has called for a “recomposition” of political groupings within the European Parliament and indicated that he is likely to fo(...)

French president Emmanuel Macron delivers his speech at the Sorbonne in Paris. By 2024, he wants  every student to speak at least two European languages. Photograph: Ludovic Marin/Reuters

President Emmanuel Macron made an ardent plea for the “refoundation” of the EU in the most daring speech by a French leader on the subject in at leas(...)