The old district of Kashgar, in China’s Xinjiang province, in 2016  . Xinjiang, which borders Pakistan and Afghanistan, is an autonomous region that is home to 10 million Uighurs, who are mostly Muslim. Photograph: Gilles Sabrié/The New York Times

International pressure is growing on China after reports that more than one million ethnic Uighurs are being interned in political re-education camps (...)

Damaged buildings in the rebel-held besieged city of Douma, in the eastern Damascus suburb of Ghouta, Syria. Photograph: Bassam Khabieh/Reuters

Clashes, shelling and air raids in western Syria marred a Russian- and Turkish-backed ceasefire that aims to end nearly six years of war and lead to p(...)

Saudi Arabia’s crown prince and interior minister Mohammed bin Nayef Al Saud (left) said terrorist incidents would not destabilise the kingdom. Photograph: Saudi Press Agency/AFP/Getty Images

Saudi Arabia has arrested 431 people suspected of belonging to Islamic State (IS) and foiled attacks in Riyadh and the Eastern Province, where the maj(...)

Israeli soldiers watch the Syrian side of the border near the Quneitra crossing point between Syria and Israel yesterday. Photograph: EPA/Atef Safadi

The UN Security Council has demanded the immediate and unconditional release of abducted peacekeepers and the withdrawal of insurgents from UN observ(...)

Free Syrian Army fighters eating together in Aleppo yesterday. Photograph: Hamid Khatib/Reuters

When protests erupted across Syria in March 2011, the country’s long-abused opposition was presented with a chance 40 years in the making. A popular r(...)

Smoke rises  near Aleppo.Photograph: George Ourfalian/Reuters

An end to the Syrian arms embargo is “the only way” to ultimately stop the bloodshed, Walid Saffour, ambassador to the UK o(...)

Syrian soldiers and investigators at an outdoor cafe that was hit by mortar shells at Damascus University yesterday in which about 20 students died. Photograph: Andrea Bruce/New York Times

A mortar strike on Damascus university killed about 20 students yesterday, exposing the fragility of the capital’s most sensitive zone to attac(...)