Euclid

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Stamp featuring William Rowan Hamilton,  an innovative mathematician and physicist of the highest order

Mathematicians are not renowned for their ability to reach the deepest recesses of the human soul. This talent is usually associated with great artist(...)

Automatic chess-playing machines were crude and plodding, and easily beaten. Now they are unbeatable, even by a grand master thanks to clever algorithms. File photograph: Alan Betson

The impact of computing on society is ever increasing. Web-based commerce continues to grow and artificial intelligence now pervades our lives. To mak(...)

‘Some critics of religion such as Dawkins (pictured) and Dennett do indeed point out, convincingly to me, that scientific explanations of the universe are reliable while religious ones are not.’ Photograph: Alan Betson

The relationship between science and religion has never been easy but it became much more difficult in Europe after Galileo discovered in 1610 strong (...)

A Roman abacus. But what did the Romans really do for mathematics?

The ancient Romans developed many new techniques for engineering and architecture. The citizens of Rome enjoyed fountains, public baths, central heati(...)

Yitang Zhang: While working for  University of New Hampshire as a lecturer, Zhang submitted an article to the Annals of Mathematics in 2013 which established the first finite bound on the least gap between consecutive primes that is attained infinitely often

Occasionally, a major mathematical discovery comes from an individual working in isolation, and this gives rise to great surprise. Such an advance was(...)

French finance minister Bruno Le Maire proposed a compromise to secure agreement for an EU-wide digital sales tax. Photograph: Eric Piermont/AFP/Getty Images

Germany’s finance minister, Olaf Scholz, had long conveyed reservations about the European Commission’s proposed directive for a digital sales tax (DS(...)

  (L-R) German Finance Minister Olaf Scholz, European Commissioner for Economic and Financial Affairs, Pierre Moscovici, French Finance minister Bruno Le Maire and Greek Finance Minister Euclid Tsakalotos during a meeting of the Eurogroup in Luxembourg .  Photograph: Julian Waranud/EPA

Euro zone member states last night approved an historic package allowing Greece to exit on August 20th from its third bailout programme, an end to an (...)

Italian mathematician Gerolamo Cardano, the founder of probability.
Cubic skulduggery and intrigue

Western civilization woke with a start after the slumbers of the medieval age. Universities in Bologna, Oxford, Salamanca, Paris and elsewhere began t(...)

It’s a piece of cake: One way to remember the value of pi is by means of a ‘piem’, a poem whose words have letters corresponding to the digits of pi
It’s as easy as pi

Every circle has the property that the distance around it is just over three times the distance across. This has been known since the earliest times. (...)

Pythagoras: the mathematician in The School of Athens, by Raphael, from 1509. Photograph: Creative Commons/Wikimedia

According to Plato, a core of mathematical knowledge, later known as the quadrivium, was essential for an understanding of the universe. He outlined t(...)

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