Displaced Iraqi Kurds people fleeing violence in the northern Kirkuk province take shelter in an unfinished housing project in Irbil, the capital of the autonomous Kurdish region of northern Iraq, on Thuraday. Photograph: Safin Hamed/AFP/Getty Images

About 100,000 Kurds have fled the Kirkuk region for fear of persecution since Iraqi armed forces retook disputed territory after a Kurdish independenc(...)

Men suspected of being Islamic State fighters are searched at a security screening centre near Kirkuk, Iraq, on October 1st. Photograph: Ivor Prickett/The New York Times

Its de facto capital is falling. Its territory has shrivelled from the size of Portugal to a handful of outposts. Its surviving leaders are on the run(...)

A boy rides a bicycle with an Iraqi flag  on the outskirts of Kirkuk, Iraq.  Photograph: Alaa Al-Marjani/Reuters

Iraqi forces have retaken Kurdish-controlled areas near Mosul, even as Washington urged Baghdad to rein in its offensive in northern Iraq. Kurdish (...)

US president Donald Trump and White House chief of staff John Kelly. Mr Kelly’s son, like the retired general a US marine, died in Afghanistan in 2010. Photograph: Andrew Harrer/EPA

The mother of a US soldier killed in an ambush in Niger said on Wednesday that President Donald Trump disrespected her family during a call with the m(...)

Fighters of the Syrian Democratic Forces evacuate a civilian from a stadium after Raqqa was liberated from Islamic State militants in Syria on Tuesday. Photograph: Erik De Castro/Reuters

US-backed forces in Syria on Tuesday said they had captured the Islamic State stronghold of Raqqa, de facto capital of the jihadi group’s self-declare(...)

Members of the Iraqi Kurdish security forces stand guard at a checkpoint in Altun Kupri, 40km south of Erbil, the capital of the autonomous Kurdish region of northern Iraq. Photograph: Safin Hamed/AFP/Getty Images

The Baghdad government recaptured territory across the breadth of northern Iraq from Kurds on Tuesday, widening a sudden and dramatic campaign that ha(...)

Members of Iraqi federal forces  advance in military vehicles in Kirkuk, Iraq on Monday. Photograph: Reuters

Iraqi forces seized control of the disputed city of Kirkuk on Monday as Kurdish forces appeared to melt away, escalating a crisis triggered by last mo(...)

Ibrahim Talal, from Syria, on Agamy Beach, Alexandria: “This is not where I want to be.” Photograph: Peter Biro/European Union/Echo

“This,” says Ibrahim Talal, sweeping his hand in a dismissive gesture that takes in the teeming high-rise of Alexandria, a city of five million crushe(...)

Men suspected of being Islamic State fighters are searched at a security screening center near Kirkuk, Iraq. More than 1,000 militants turned themselves in after the latest in a string of humiliating defeats in Iraq and Syria. Photograph: Ivor Prickett/The New York Times

A series of battles in Iraq and Syria in recent weeks herald the collapse and defeat of Islamic State and the “caliphate” it set up in 2014, which des(...)

Members of Syrian Democratic Forces hold a flag of the Islamic State militants recovered at a building next to the stadium in Raqqa, Syria. Photograph: Reuters/Erik De Castro

Islamic State’s rout in the northeastern Iraqi town of Hawija last week heralded the jihadi group’s demise as an ideological, political, military and (...)