A demonstrator waves a Catalan separatist flag in Madrid, Spain. Photograph: Paul Hanna/Reuters

In seeking to smash the ballot boxes and the voters in last Sunday’s referendum on independence for Catalonia, the Spanish authorities inevitably scor(...)

Youths wrapped in a Catalan, a Spanish and a Catalan separatist flag walk through a street  in Barcelona, Spain. Photograph: Jon Nazca/Reuters

Following Spain’s transition to democracy in the 1970s, Catalan nationalism was marked by moderation, caution and gradual progress. The Catalan moveme(...)

People pay tribute on Friday, outside the Liceu theatre in Barcelona, to victims of Thursday’s attack. Photograph: Quique Garcia/EPA

It’s a cliche, simply because it’s important truth, that one’s first thoughts about a terrorist act should always be with the victims, to make some ef(...)

Barcelona is one of the most visited cities in Europe. A number of residents find they can earn five times as much a year by renting their apartment to platforms such as Airbnb as opposed to charging €1,000 a month in rent to the local population. Photograph: Getty Images

The children on the tour bus thought they were being attacked by Isis and started crying. Men clad in black masks held up the bus outside the Camp Nou(...)

  National Day of Catalonia in   Barcelona,  September 11th, 2014: Catalan nationalists say they will declare independence if they win a majority in the referendum, regardless of the level of participation. Photograph:  Albert Gea/Reuters

Barcelona was the first city in Spain I ever visited, back in 1973. The great Catalan capital was then resisting the dying clutches of the Franco dic(...)

The grasshoppers, with their clearly visible but mercifully dead eyes and still wings, are the most terrifying of the insects which have just gone on (...)

The Fifth Division of Replacements arrive and give the word that the troops of Navarre have come to fight in the Spanish Civil War, circa 1936. Photograph: Three Lions/Getty Images

The only Irishman known to have fought with the Basque army during the Spanish Civil War was remembered at an event in Dublin this weekend marking the(...)

Cudillero fishing village in Asturias.

“Asturias? Where the f**k is Asturias, ” asked Michael O’Leary when someone approached him in Dublin airport a couple of years back to ask if Ryanair (...)

Basque  independence politician Juan Mari Olano  at rally in Bayonne, France, following the announcement. Photograph: Vincent West/Reuters

Eta has handed over information to the French authorities about its remaining weapons arsenal, a largely symbolic step that comes six years after the (...)

Basque Separatists ETA members announcing a ‘permanent, verifiable ceasefire’ in 2011. Photograph: Alfredo Aldai/EPA

Basque militant group Eta has handed a list of eight arms caches to the French police through intermediaries, sources close to the matter told Re(...)