‘Confidence differs from optimism and self-esteem, in that it is linked to action, with the brain chemical dopamine underpinning the feeling of reward at mastering a challenge.’ File photograph: Getty

Research Lives: Prof Ian Robertson, co-director of the Global Brain Health Institute

Prof Claire Gormley

Research Lives: Prof Claire Gormley, UCD school of mathematics and statistics

Dublin at night as seen from the International Space Station, spring 2013. Photograph: Chris Hadfield

Do you know your satailít and your carr Mhars from your cóiméad or spásfort?

Phil of Science on RTÉ Home School Hub

Phil Smyth, Science communicator on RTÉ’s Home School Hub

Prof Lisa Connolly: ‘Seeing the success of early-stage scientists when they become successful researchers is what gives me the most drive.’

Research Lives: Lisa Connolly, professor in toxin food safety, Queen’s University Belfast

Dr Jessamyn Fairfield. Photograph: Steve Cross

Conference to explore adapting science communication to new challenges

Dr Roger Preston: ‘I think that keeping a balance between work and life outside work is a challenge.’

Research Lives: Dr Roger Preston, senior lecturer in vascular biology at Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

‘We are inviting anyone who is over 18 and who can spare 10 minutes to record their breathing into their phone to take part.’ Photograph: iStock

Smartphones could monitor rate and quality of breath in people with Covid or recovering

Prof Keith Murphy of UCD School of Biomolecular and Biomedical Science

Research Lives: Prof Keith Murphy, Professor of Neuropharmacology, UCD

‘Using metal additive manufacturing, or 3D printing, you can produce complicated solid structures by fusing metal powders one layer at a time.’

Research Lives: Bryan Naab, PhD student, I-Form centre for advanced manufacturing, UCD

Dr Rosie Mangan: ‘One thing I remember was hearing my Dad’s voice, and I knew something had changed and I must be back in Ireland.’

Dr Rosie Magan on how she is returning to work in science after a brain injury

Dr Johanna Vos, a postdoctoral research fellow at American Museum of Natural History in New York

Research Lives: ‘This kind of astronomy is probably the ultimate in remote working’

Dr Tess Lambe: ‘Normally it takes up to 10 years for a vaccine to be developed.’ Photograph: John Cairns

Tess Lambe estimates three billion doses of the Covid-19 jab will be available to distribute

Dr Elisa Fadda, assistant professor at the department of chemistry and Hamilton Institute in Maynooth University

Dr Elisa Fadda, assistant professor, Department of Chemistry, Maynooth University

Prof Fergus Shanahan: explores the changing nature of the doctor-patient conversation and the trust that language can build or destroy.

Sonia Shah, Rita Colwell, Luke O’Neill and Fergus Shanahan inform and delight

A nurse takes a sample from a man’s throat to test for coronavirus. Photograph:   Peter Komka/Pool/AFP via Getty Images

Saliva may prove useful for screening for Covid-19, but it has limitations

Dr Sónia Negrão: ‘I studied agronomy at university, and when I learned about using genetics in crop breeding I was hooked, that was it.’

Research Lives: Dr Sónia Negrão, assistant professor in plant sciences at UCD

Prof Fergal O’Brien, professor of bioengineering & regenerative medicine at the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland.

Research Lives: Prof Fergal O’Brien, RCSI professor of bioengineering and regenerative medicine

‘Children with autism often don’t sleep well, and this can have an effect on the entire family.’ Photograph: iStock

Research Lives: Dr Lorna Lopez, lecturer in the Department of Biology and Kathleen Lonsdale Institute for Human Health Research, M(...)

The expert advice is that one of the best ways to remain healthy is to get a strong dose of daylight early in the morning. File photograph: Getty Images

‘If you are exposed to green spaces and nature, your health and brain function benefit’

Dr Teresa  Lambe, associate professor and investigator at the Jenner Institute, University of Oxford. ‘I love science and working on vaccines, and I am lucky that this means I get to do something constructive in this pandemic.’ Photograph: John Cairns/University of Oxford

Research Lives: Dr Teresa (Tess) Lambe, associate professor and investigator at The Jenner Institute, University of Oxford

Abeba Birhane: ‘I study embodied cognitive science, which is at the heart of how people interact and go about their daily lives and what it means to be a person.’

RESEARCH LIVES: Abeba Birhane, PhD student at UCD’s Complex Software Lab and Lero

Prof Mike Zaworotko: “Often we already have the solutions, but they have to be matched with the right problems.”

Research Lives: Prof Mike Zaworotko, Bernal chair of crystal engineering, University of Limerick

French engineer-virologist Thomas Mollet looks at cells infected with a Sars-CoV-2 virus at a  laboratory in Nantes, western France. Photograph: Jean-Francois Monier/AFP/Getty Images.

Numerous coronavirus vaccines are being developed, but none is assured of success

Covid-19 spike protein linking attached to a human cell. photograph: Nexu Science Communication

T-cells could potentially be used to achieve more sustained immunity against the disease

PhD researcher John Noone

Research Lives: PhD researcher John Noone of DCU School of Health and Human Performance and National Institute for Cellular Biolog(...)

Áine O’Toole: “By building tools to track the changes in the virus over time, you can provide information about outbreaks that we wouldn’t otherwise know.” .

Research Lives: Áine O’Toole, PhD student at University of Edinburgh

Prof Lokesh Joshi: ‘I see living organisms, including our bodies, as incredible sensor systems.’

Research Lives: Prof Lokesh Joshi, Stokes professor of glycoscience and research VP at NUI Galway

Shubhangi Kakkar: ‘I looked at how the active ingredients in drugs form crystals in liquids.’

Research Lives: Shubhangi Kakkar, successful PhD candidate, SFI Research Centre for Pharmaceuticals, Bernal Institute, University (...)

Experts have identified abnormal blood clotting in some Covid patients. Photograph: iStock

The lungs may be the coronavirus gateway, but it can extend much further into the body

When  Covid-19 gets into our airways, it enters our cells and ejects its genetic material, co-opting the infected cell into making copies of the virus, which then go on to infect other cells. Photograph: iStock

Understanding the biochemical interplay between virus and cell could help identify new ways to tackle coronavirus

Prof Molly Byrne: ‘People need three things to make any behaviour change – capability, opportunity and motivation’

Research Lives: Prof Molly Byrne, director of the Health Behaviour Change Research Group NUIG School of Psychology

The Irish Hedgehog Survey is looking for information on these shy creatures. Photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons.

From attitudes to eating habits, online surveys are looking for information during lockdown

Barbara Gormley: “I want to better understand how you get people to do what you need them to do when a health emergency happens”

Research lives: Barbara Gormley, post-graduate researcher at DCU School of Communications

DCU researchers advise ventilating spaces well when at home, especially while cooking or cleaning. Photograph: Getty Images

Scientists at DCU have identified pollutants in homes due to Covid-19 lockdown

Dr Anne Moore: ‘Hopefully in the future, vaccines will be easy to administer, with a patch or a tablet.’

Research lives: Dr Anne Moore, senior lecturer, UCC School of Biochemistry and Cell Biology

Ivermectin is used to rid animals and humans of many internal and external blood-sucking parasites. File photograph: Getty Images

Findings on anti-parasite drug ‘needs perspective’ – Irish Nobel laureate

Prof Turlough Downes, astrophysicist based at DCU, admits he knows little about epidemics but he has experience of working with challenging data.

Astrophysicist uses his mathmatical models to model numbers and trends from virus

A health worker extracts blood from a patient to perform an antibody test for Covid-19 at the Dworska hospital in Krakow. Photograph: Omar Marques/Getty Images

Rolling out effective test would give greater certainty about measures to end lockdown

Coronavirus at the point of infection: the visual effect was created by Irish animator and data scientist Eoin Winston of Nexu and Jason McLellan from the University of Texas.

Creating a visual representation that communicates the precise ‘moment of infection’

Horseshoe bats. Photograph: iStock

‘We need to look at why horseshoe bats don’t get sick from coronavirus’ – Irish scientist

Prof Padraic Fallon loaded a trolley full of gloves, masks, aprons and protective suits from his now-closed lab in Trinity College Dublin and got them to St James’s Hospital

Efforts include setting up a tracing call centre, donating equipment and linking scientists to areas of need

Maurice Burke, chief technical officer at DCU Nano Research Facility

Research lives: Maurice Burke, chief technical officer, DCU Nano Research Facility

Boston-based Dr David Dowling, who is from Bray and received his PhD in DCU.

Research Lives: Dr David Dowling, principal investigator, Adjuvant Discovery & Development Lab at Boston Children’s Hospital; inst(...)

“The big block” – a 620-tonne monster. Photograph courtesy of Peter Cox

Research Lives: Prof Rónadh Cox, Edward Brust professor of geology and mineralogy, Williams College, Massachusetts and UCD School (...)

The ‘pancake printer’ developed at a previous Science Hack Day, which makes pancakes through the mouth of rubber duck. Photograph: David McKeown

A two-day hackathon in Dublin aims to bring people together to make creative and fun projects

Molly-Ann Williams is developing a sensor system that can tell us what species are present in an environment

Research Lives: Molly-Ann Williams, PhD student at DCU School of Biotechnology and Water Institute

Cell Explorers founder and director Dr Muriel Grenon.

Research lives: Dr Muriel Grenon, founder and director of Cell Explorers

Sophie Murray: ‘I’m really lucky in that I love my job.’

Research lives: Dr Sophie Murray is a research fellow at TCD and Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies

Dr Una FitzGerald at the 2019 Science Foundation Ireland summit. ‘On November 7th, our Cúram lab at NUIG became the first lab in Europe to be Green Lab certified,’ she says. Photograph:  Jason Clarke

Research lives: Dr Una FitzGerald, director of Galway Neuroscience Centre, NUIG, and founder of Galway Green Labs

Dr Andrew Hogan: “We could see kids as young as six were starting to show signs of chronic inflammation.”

Research Lives: Dr Andrew Hogan, principal investigator with the Metabolic Immunology Research Group, Maynooth University

John Leech

Research Lives: John Leech, PhD researcher at APC Microbiome Ireland

SFI director of science for society Ruth Freeman, SFI researcher of the year Kevin O’Connor and SFI director general Mark Ferguson. Photograph: Jason Clarke

Bioeconomy pioneer wins researcher of the year award

Dr John Bell: “We need to decarbonise six times faster than the current rate to transition to a carbon-neutral EU by 2050.”

Research lives: Dr John Bell, director of Healthy Planet, DG Research & Innovation, European Commission

Fabry disease is a rare condition  where the body does not break down a particular type of fat, which then builds up in cells of blood vessels and organs

‘We don’t know who most of the patients with Fabry in Ireland are, so we want to build up awareness and be in a position to suppor(...)

Genetic engineering: “Ten years ago if you said such a technology would be widespread, people would have laughed.”

Irish Times readers recognised importance of altering genes in living cells in recent vote

Professor of Experimental Brain Research and author of In Praise of Walking Shane O’Mara. Photograph: Dara MacDónaill

Research lives: Shane O’Mara, Professor of Experimental Brain Research at Trinity College Dublin

Dave Fahy worked on a number of science events including EuroScience Open Forum/City of Science in 2012, Festival of Curiosity, Sci:Com and Schrodinger at 75

Businessman who passed away last month helped organise key science events in Ireland

Prof Maria Chudnovsky: ‘Maths is beautiful and a great field to pursue.’

Ahead of her Hamilton Lecture in Dublin on October 16th, Prof Maria Chudnovsky of Princeton University connects the dots between t(...)

Dr Garry Laverty:  “When you are applying for funding, you want to focus on the core idea and explain it in language that everyone can understand.”

Research insight: Dr Garry Laverty of school of pharmacy, Queen’s University Belfast

Prof Yvonne Buckley: ‘The advantage of plants is that they don’t run away or bite you, so they are very convenient if you want to count and analyse them.’ Photograph: William Gleeson

Research Lives: Prof Yvonne Buckley, professor of zoology at Trinity College Dublin

Met Éireann’s Evelyn Cusack, right, head of forecasting, and Seamus Walsh, head of climatology and observations, launching the project at DCU

Project aims to build a picture of the quality of freshwater around the capital

UCD assistant professor Dr David McKeown speaks at  a TEDx event at UCD. Photograph:  Nick Bradshaw

Dr David McKeown, assistant professor UCD school of mechanical and materials engineering

Prof Declan Devane: ‘Challenge all of your assumptions. Just because something is done a particular way, that doesn’t mean it is the only or the best way’

Research Lives: Prof Declan Devane, chair of midwifery at NUI Galway

Dr Diarmuid Torney: ‘I stopped eating meat, I try to avoid buying plastic and I try to buy local food wherever possible’

Research Lives: Dr Diarmuid Torney, DCU assistant professor in environmental politics

Storm Ophelia over Ireland: ‘In every weather forecast, in every climate model, somewhere deep down in the code the fundamentals of that are the Navier-Stokes equations. They underpin everything.’

His insights and equations are fundamental to weather forecasting, climate modelling etc

Prof James Gleeson, department of mathematics and statistics, University of Limerick: ‘I wish that more people understood that mathematics is everywhere.’

Research Lives: Prof James Gleeson, department of mathematics and statistics, University of Limerick

Dr Lynette Keeney, staff researcher, Tyndall National Institute, University College Cork

Dr Lynette Keeney is a staff researcher at the Tyndall National Institute at UCC

‘Bats use their senses in intriguing ways,’ says  Emma Teeling. ‘They echolocate and contrary to popular belief they are far from blind; in fact, some have really good vision’.

Research Lives: Prof Emma Teeling, UCD school of biology and environmental science

Dr Ivana Dusparic, Ussher assistant Professor in Future Cities and the Internet of Things, TCD

Research insights: Dr Ivana Dusparic, Ussher assistant professor in Future Cities and the Internet of Things, TCD

The Festival of Curiosity takes place from July 18th to 21st. Photograph: Vincent McCarthy

Access Science: The four-day festival explores science, art, design and technology

Dr Trish Morgan: “Even the phrase ‘the environment’ makes it sound like it is a thing, and we are not part of it”

Research lives: Dr Trish Morgan, assistant professor at DCU school of communications

Xinxin Xiao: ‘Health is an eternal theme of mankind’

Research Lives: Dr Xinxin Xiao, post-doctoral researcher at Technical University of Denmark

Prof Christine Loscher of DCU: ‘I’m interested in how we can control the immune system, and particularly how to control that long-term, damaging inflammation.’

Prof Christine Loscher, School of Biotechnology, Dublin City University

Prof Jim McLaughlin

Research Insights: Prof Jim McLaughlin, director of the Nanotechnology and Integrated Bioengineering Centre and head of the school(...)

Prof Wim Meijer: ‘The tools we have at our disposal now allow us to gain an unparalleled insight into whole ecosystems at a level of detail that was pure science fiction when I was a student’

The innovators: Prof Wim Meijer, professor of microbiology, UCD School of Biomolecular and Biomedical Science

Hayden Wilkinson

Hayden Wilkinson used the topics of synaesthesia, split brains and designer babies to engage audiences

Dr Michelle O’Shaughnessy: ‘Being able to keep people off dialysis is a major focus.’

Research lives: Dr Michelle O’Shaughnessy, clinical assistant professor of Medicine – Nephrology, Stanford University

A computer animation provided by European Space Agency (ESA) in Darmstadt, Germany showing the ESA satellite Rosetta during its approach on earth. Rosetta reached the comet’s orbit in August 2014 after its launch from Earth in 2004. Photograph: C Careau/ EPA

Free drop-in programme in Dublin to help students build their confidence with maths

Prof Marina Lynch: 'My research looks at very important cells in the brain called microglia.'

Research Lives: Prof Marina Lynch, head of neuroinflammation research group in TCD

Dr Manus Biggs: “My lab in Galway will develop the biomaterials for the devices, and we will collect data about how they perform in a biological environment.”

Research Lives: Dr Manus Biggs, lecturer in biomedical science at NUI Galway and researcher with the CÚRAM research centre

Dr Jenny Lawler at the Irish Laboratory Awards 2019 in Ballsbridge Hotel, Dublin. “I was also shortlisted for Young Leader of the Year, but I reckoned because of the lab award I wouldn’t get another one. So I was really shocked and very happily surprised when I won that one too”

Research Lives: Dr Jenny Lawler, head of the Membrane and Environmental Technologies Group and assistant professor at DCU school o(...)

Neuroscientist Sabina Brennan (right) with Dr Laura McAvinue in Trinity college Dublin. Photograph: Aidan Crawley

Research lives: Dr Sabina Brennan’s ‘100 Days to a Younger Brain’ is a revealing read

Dr John Regan: “I’d really love to look more now at small galaxies that haven’t changed much since those early days.”

Research Lives: Dr John Regan, research fellow, Centre for Astrophysics and Relativity at DCU School of Mathematics

Prof Valeria Nicolosi with a microscope that can examine objects a million times smaller than a human hair. Photograph: Naoise Culhane

Trinity research centre explores power of ultra-thin nanomaterial MXenes

Dr Anthony Ventresque: “I have very good students – they are brilliant technically, they ask good questions [and] they provide another reason to get up in the morning and go to work.”

Research Lives: Dr Anthony Ventresque, Lero, researcher and director of the UCD Complex Software Lab

Dr Deirdre Murray: “I am extremely lucky to be doing a job that I love, answering important questions about children’s health. What could be better?” Photograph: Darragh Kane

Research Lives: Dr Deirdre Murray, Irish Centre for Fetal and Neonatal Translational Research and UCC

Prof Andrew Parnell of Maynooth University

‘We don’t want it to get much higher than 4 or 5mm a year as this would cause incredible damage’

Prof Gianpiero Cavalleri: “We also used DNA to inform on the population structure and history of the Traveller community, and we were able to contribute in some small way to the debate around the recognition of Travellers as an ethnic minority.”

Research Lives: Prof Gianpiero Cavalleri, associate professor of human genetics and deputy director of the SFI FutureNeuro Researc(...)

Dr Laura Gleeson: “In the lab, you are working towards long-term goals, slowly testing hypotheses and accumulating evidence to answer questions that have never been asked before.”

Research lives: Dr Laura Gleeson, specialist registrar in respiratory medicine

Dr Conor Brennan, associate professor, Dublin City University School of Electronic Engineering.

Research lives: Dr Conor Brennan, associate professor, Dublin City University School of Electronic Engineering

Dr Garret A Fitzgerald: “Now that the Dublin skyline is crowded with cranes again, I’d love to see an initiative to foster and support the hard sciences.”

Research Lives: Dr Garret A FitzGerald, University of Pennsylvania professor of pharmacology and therapeutics

Dr Sheila McBreen: “We have physicists and engineers and mathematicians and it’s a student-led project, which is really exciting.”

Research Lives: Dr Sheila McBreen, associate professor, University College Dublin School of Physics

From left: Dr Sheila Donegan, co-founder of Maths Week, Margie McCarthy, head of Education and Public Engagement, Science Foundation Ireland, and Aislinn Bueno (11) from Scoil Chaoimhín Primary School, Marlborough Street, Dublin, at the launch of Maths Week 2018. Photograph: Shane O’Neill, SON Photographic

Access Science: Maths Week encourages us to become more comfortable with how we use maths in our day-to-day lives

Nobel laureate: Donna Strickland at her lab at the University of Waterloo, in Canada. Photograph: Cole Burston/Getty

Donna Strickland was surprised to hear she had won the Nobel Prize in Physics

Aina Andreu, from Barcelona, looking at the stars during the Global Star Count in Orion at Blackrock Castle Observatory in Cork. CIT Blackrock Castle will host an open night where you can learn about Martian exploration and, if weather permits, there will be stargazing during Space Week 2018. Photograph: Miki Barlok

Topics include the possibility of life on other planets, the changing space industry and black holes

Demonstrating the benefits of perspex: young scientists at an event to promote Cork Discovers.

Access Science: Free workshops, demonstrations and talks will be held in Dublin and Cork

Dr Annie Curtis: getting results keeps her ticking along with her research

Science Lives: Dr Annie Curtis of the RCSI’s strategic academic recruitment programme

In Alzheimer’s disease, it’s thought the brain’s ability to remove amyloid beta becomes impaired, and the amyloid beta builds up in a soluble form in the fluid of the brain. Photograph: iStock

A new study involving Dublin City University offers new insights on a type of build-up linked with Alzheimer’s disease

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