Medical staff taking care of a newborn baby at a hospital in Fuyang in China’s eastern Anhui province on January 19th. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Efforts to encourage more children have yet to bear fruit in world’s most populous country

China struggles to understand why the UK would want to leave the EU, said Michael D’Arcy, Ireland’s minister of state at the department of finance, during a visit to China where he attended the Hong Kong Asian Financial Forum. Photograph: Anthony Kwan/Bloomberg

Companies seek reassurance on major trade concerns

North Korean leader Kim Jong-un waving to the crowd as he leaves Beijing station. Photograph:  KCNA via  KNS/AFP/Getty Images

Second US-North Korea summit in offing as Kim Jong-un ends four-day China visit

 A vehicle in the motorcade of North Korean leader Kim Jong-un  in Beijing on Tuesday. Photograph: Nicolas Asfouri/AFP/Getty Images

Four-day visit planned as preparation for second US-North Korea summit continue

North Korea’s leader Kim Jong-un and US president Donald Trump   meeting on June 12th, 2018: Kim has clearly looked at the economic success racked up by China and South Korea. Photograph: Saul Loeb/AFP/Getty Images

Despite warmer US-Korean links, Pyongyang is stalling on denuclearisation

Screenshots from ‘A Gay’s Life’, which has logged more than a million players so far.

Interactive game ‘A Gay’s Life’ is a sign of progress but challenges remain for the community

Huawei chief financial officer Meng Wanzhou arriving at a parole office with a security guard in Vancouver, Canada on December 12th. Photograph:  Darryl Dyck/The Canadian Press via AP

High-profile arrest of Huawei executive Meng Wanzhou continues to sour relations

A billboard features an image of China’s late former leader Deng Xiaoping in Shenzhen at the weekend. The Chinese government will continue a multi-year effort against pollution, poverty and financial sector risks, while underlining commitment to the multilateral global trading system,  President Xi Jinping said at a Beijing ceremony celebrating 40 years of reform and opening up. Photograph: Qilai Shen/Bloomberg

One section dedicated to role of president’s pivotal crackdown on corruption

Chinese President Xi Jinping speaks during a conference to commemorate the 40th anniversary of China’s Reform and Opening Up policy at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. Photograph: AP

Chinese leader hails four decades of reform in speech at the Great Hall of the People

Chinese rail infrastructure: Peter Frankopan illuminates the sheer amount of change that has taken place globally in just three years.

Peter Frankopan reveals how, away from Trump and Brexit, the globe is being recast

A photo released by the official North Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) shows Canadian businessman Michael Spavor after at an airport in Pyongyang, North Korea, September 3rd, 2013. Photograph: KCNA/EPA

Michael Spavor, Michael Kovrig held on suspicion of ‘endangering national security’

Meng Wanzhou, Huawei’s chief financial officer. Photograph: Huawei/Handout/File Photo via Reuters

Trump raises possibility of intervening in case that has soured US-China ties

Lisa Duan, a visitor from China, holds a sign in support of Huawei outside of the bail hearing of Huawei CFO Meng Wanzhou, who is being held on an extradition warrant in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Photograph: David Ryder/Reuters

Vice premier Liu He speaks with US treasury secretary Steven Mnuchin on issues

A Long March 3B rocket lifts off from the Xichang launch centre in China’s southwestern Sichuan province. Photograph: Getty Images

Beijing eyes lunar destination where no one has gone before with Chang’e 4 spacecraft

A Long March 3B rocket lifts off from the Xichang launch centre in Xichang in China’s southwestern Sichuan province early. Photograph: China OUTSTR/AFP/Getty Images

Chang’e 4 lunar probe is expected to land on the far side in January

Arrested Huawei executive board member Meng Wanzhou is the daughter of the company’s founder. Photograph: Reuters

Changing political environment may not be entirely to Huawei’s advantage

North Korean leader Kim Jong-un: agreed he  would become the first North Korean leader to visit Seoul before 2018 was out. Photograph:  KCNA via KNS/AFP/Getty Images

North Korean website slams US for hindering closer ties between the two Koreas

The trade disagreement between China and the US has weighed on markets this year. Photograph: Reuters

Trump threatens to revert to tariffs if ‘a real deal’ is not reached

Chinese models pose for a wedding picture in Shanghai on Bund’s promenade. The state is frowning on fancy celebrations.

Beijing clamps down on extravagant ceremonies as part of broad morality campaign

The USS Decatur:  In September, a Chinese destroyer came within a few hundred metres of colliding with the destroyer in the South China Sea. Photograph: Smith Collection/Gado/Getty Images

Taiwan the ‘most important and sensitive issue’ between US and China, Beijing says

Jack Ma started Alibaba in 1999 and transformed it into one the world’s most important ecommerce and digital payments companies. His net worth is estimated at about €35 billion. File photograph: STR/AFP/Getty Images

Alibaba founder joined the party at college but played down his membership

Chinese soldiers participating in an anti-terror drill in Hami, Xinjiang in July 2017. Photograph: Reuters

Hundreds of academics issue statement calling on China to close region’s detention centres

Under President Xi Jinping, China has cracked down on corruption, including involved trying to repatriate economic fugitives overseas with a police operation known as “Operation Foxhunt”. Photograph: Mark R Cristino/EPA

Practice of exit bans used as leverage in getting fugitives to return to China

A meeting between President Donald Trump and President Xi Jinping of China in April 2017. Photograph: The New York Times

Leaders of two biggest economies due to meet on Friday in Buenos Aires

A same-sex marriage supporter adjusts the wedding veil of his friend, in front of an ad for  a wedding firm,  after a marriage equality referendum was lost, in Kaohsiung, Taiwan, on November 25th. Photograph:  Tyrone Siu/Reuters

Voters in self-ruled island reject plan to legalise same-sex marriage

Taiwanese will  vote in a referendum to see if the self-ruled island should compete in international sports events  as Taiwan instead of  Chinese Taipei. Photograph: EPA/David Chang

China trying to swing voters away from island’s ruling president, say officials

Chinese president Xi Jinping spent seven years in Liangjiahe living in primitive conditions. Photograph: Mark R. Cristino/EPA

The Chinese president channels early struggles into ascent to leadership

Celebrating the Chinese New Year   in Yuyuan Garden: Many middle-class couples are opting to not take advantage of the relaxation of the restrictions on the number of children because it is simply too expensive. Photograph: Getty

Education a priority for parents in a competitive society where ‘Tiger Moms’ abound

Zhongshan Bridge, also called the first bridge over the Yellow River, first built in 1907, now is a tourist landmark of Lanzhou city Photograph:  Zhang Peng/LightRocket/Getty

Chinese influence set to grow as Xi Jinping’s ‘project of the century’ progresses

Shenzhen, , just across the border from Hong Kong, has evolved from a low-end manufacturing hub to a southern Chinese Silicon Valley. Photograph: Wang Zhao/AFP/Getty Images

Chinese business looking for innovative answers as US president piles on tariffs

Yan’an, in the Shanbei region of China’s Shaanxi province: “the dusty birthplace of an epochal story of social change, where an agrarian, inward-looking country evolved into the world’s second-biggest economy”. Photograph:  Getty Images

With China’s new power come challenges going forward

A booth of books by China’s president, Xi Jinping, translated into foreign languages at an  expo in Shanghai. Photograph: Aly Song

Authorities introduce ‘gait recognition’ technology to identify by walk and silhouette

Visitors queue at the entrance of the first China International Import Expo  in Shanghai:  event  takes place as US president Donald Trump presses China to reduce its huge trade deficit with the US. Photograph: Johannes EIsele/AFP/Getty

Huge trade fair invites foreign companies to showcase goods to Chinese consumers

Shohrat Zakir, chairman of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, describes the mass internment of ethnic minority Muslims as a system of training centres. Photograph: AP/Ng Han Guan

Beijing says centres are for vocational training to steer youth away from extremism

Beijing and Washington have slapped tit-for-tat tariffs on each other in recent months, sparked by US president Donald Trump.

Authorities are trying to navigate through numerous challenges, including a trade war

Chinese premier Li Keqiang: the vaccine scandal is “vile”. Photograph: Francois Walschaerts/AFP/Getty

Scandal around safety of Changsheng Life Science medicines spark widespread fears

Shohrat Zakir, the number two Communist Party official. “Through vocational training, most trainees have been able to reflect on their mistakes and see clearly the essence and harm of terrorism and religious extremism.” Photograph: Ng Han Guan/AP

Official says life in Xinjiang better since crackdown on Islamist fundamentalists began

 China’s president Xi Jinping and US president Donald Trump     in Beijing in 2017. The  leaders are expected to meet at the G20 summit in Buenos Aires for their first face-to-face meeting since August. Photograph: Getty Images

Comments come as relations between biggest economies continue to worsen

The Great Hall of the People in Beijing: Sweden was the first Western country to establish diplomatic relations with China 50 years ago. Photograph: Reuters/Jason Lee

International diplomatic storm rages on with accusations of racism and ‘brutal abuse’

The US flag flies over Chinese shipping containers at the Port of Long Beach, in Los Angeles.

China has record trade surplus with US in September

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo (left) shakes hands with Yang Jiechi (right), China’s Director of the Central Foreign Affairs Commission Office, before their meeting at the Diaoyutai State Guesthouse in Beijing on October 8th, 2018 Photograph:  Daisuke Suzuki/EPA

First time an alleged Chinese intelligence officer has been extradited to US

People mingle in the old town of Kashgar, Xinjiang region, China. Xinjiang is China’s biggest province and the source of much of its oil and gas. Photograph:  Thomas Peter/Reuters

Legislative changes come amid criticism of mass detentions in Xinjiang province

Workers stand outside a commercial building to use their phones and smoke during a break in Hong Kong. In banning e-cigarettes, Hong Kong joins Singapore, Thailand, Uruguay and 24 other countries. Photograph: Anthony Wallace/AFP/Getty Images

After debate on regulating vaping, Hong Kong’s leader goes straight for a ban

Chris Yeung, chairman of the Hong Kong Journalist Association, with Foreign Correspondents’ Club president Florence de Changy  outside government headquarters in Hong Kong on Monday. They handed over petitions calling for an explanation of its visa rejection of Financial Times journalist Victor Mallet. Photograph: Anthony Wallace/AFP/Getty Images

FT editor’s visa ban linked to talk he hosted in August with independence activist

Chinese foreign minister Wang Yi with US secretary of state Mike Pompeo before a meeting at the Diaoyutai State Guesthouse in Beijing on Monday. Photograph: Andy Wong/Pool via Reuters

China’s foreign minister Wang Yi accuses US of making direct attack on relationship

Meng Hongwei: disappeared last month after a visit to China. Interpol said on Sunday its general secretariat had received his resignation as president. Photograph: Du Yu/Xinhua via AP

Meng Hongwei resigns from agency as ministry says task force will investigate claims

US vice-president Mike Pence addresses the Hudson Institute on the administration’s policy towards China in Washington, DC. Photograph: JIm Watson/AFP/Getty Images

Beijing claims Mike Pence’s accusations of ‘malign influence’ are baseless

 Chinese actress Fan Bingbing pictured during the 71st annual Cannes Film Festival in  May. Photograph: Franck Robichon/EPA

Missing Chinese actor makes fulsome apology online for ‘betraying the people’

The USS Decatur in the South China Sea. The US and China traded angry accusations after the Decatur and a Chinese warship nearly collided on September 30th. File photograph:  Diana Quinlan/US Navy via the New York Times

Destroyer came within 40m of USS Decatur in ‘unprofessional manoeuvre’, says US military

An anti-Brexit demonstrator stands outside the venue of the Conservative Party Conference in Birmingham. Photograph:  Reuters

Theresa May says overhaul will ‘end freedom of movement’ and will favour skilled workers

Television host Zhu Jun:  might win his case from a legal perspective but may have lost in terms of public opinion and the media. Photograph: Reuters

Former intern being sued by TV host Zhu Jun after she accused him of groping her

About 80.4 per cent of HIV/Aids patients in China had received anti-virus treatment as of the end of last year. Photograph: EPA/Roman Pilipey

The number of cases rises sharply this year to 820,000 people

Chinese foreign minister Wang Yi: “We did not and will not interfere in any country’s domestic affairs.” Photograph:  Don Emmert / AFP

Chinese media describes the claims as a ploy by the US president to win support in polls

US president Donald Trump has levied tariffs of 10 per cent on $200 billion (€170 billion) of Chinese products, which is due to increase to 25 per cent by the end of the year. Photograph: iStock

Robust domestic demand in Asian economies underpins expansion

US secretary of defence James Mattis: “We believe that we do have to have a relationship with China.”  Photograph: Reuters

China’s top naval officer cancels talks with US top brass over US decision to impose sanctions for China’s purchase of Russian wea(...)

A woman walks past the Holy Family Catholic Church in Taipei. There are 12-30 million Catholics in China. Photograph: Daniel Shih

Communist Party control of worship to continue under Catholic Patriotic Association

Kashgar in China’s Xinjiang province: Tensions between Uighurs and the ethnic Han majority in China have intensified, and hundreds have died in terror attacks and unrest. Photograph: Gilles Sabrié/The New York Times

‘Reform through education’ call for Muslim region comes amid international criticism

South Korean president Moon Jae-in, first lady Kim Jung-sook, North Korean leader Kim Jong-un and his wife Ri Sol-ju beside the Heaven Lake of Mount Paektu, North Korea. Photograph:   Pyeongyang Press Corps/Pool via Reuters

Kim Jong-un and Moon Jae-in hail greater unity but progress with US remains key

South Korean president Moon Jae-in shakes hands with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un after a joint news conference in Pyongyang, North Korea, Wednesday. Photograph: Reuters

Further measures include closure of Dongcheng-ri missile engine testing facility

South Korean president Moon Jae-in shakes hands  with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un before their summit at the Workers’ Party of Korea headquarters in Pyongyang on Tuesday. Photograph:  Pyeongyang Press Corps/AFP/Getty Images

Third inter-Korean summit comes against a backdrop of stalled US-North Korea talks

Posters of late communist leader Mao Zedong and President Xi Jinping  at a market in Beijing:  next step is to bring the China Dream overseas. Photograph: Greg Baker/AFP/Getty

China hammers home ‘core socialist’ ideas as president asserts himself against US trade war

A woman walks in the rain the day after Typhoon Mangkhut hit Yangjiang in China’s Guangdong province on Monday. Photograph:   Nicolas Asfouri/AFP/Getty Images

Fears more miners may be lost in the Philippines as storm wreaks havoc in region

Fan Binbing at the  Cannes Film Festival in May 2018. Photograph:  Stephane Mahe/Reuters

Speculation that actor with 62 million social media followers has been jailed for tax evasion

 Chinese men chat as they watch women dance in Ritan Park  in Beijing, China. By 2050,  35 per cent of China’s population will be aged 60 or over. Photograph: Kevin Frayer/Getty Images

Three decades of population control measures have skewed China’s demographics

Men hang up pennants outside a hospital in Chongqing, China to  celebrate the first Chinese Doctors’ Day last month. Photograph: Reuters

News that vaccinations for children were faulty rattles confidence in health system

An Uighur man drinking in a tea shop in Kashgar City, Xinjiang province, China.  A UN panel said about a million Uighurs were being held in a “massive internment camp that is shrouded in secrecy”. Photograph: Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

Beijing says UN panel’s report on one million Uighurs in detention ‘without factual basis’

Officially there are 2.5 million registered dogs in Beijing. Photograph: Getty

Twenty-five years after the end of a rabies-inspired ban, dog ownership is booming

A woman rides her scooter with two children in Huaxian county in China’s central Henan province. China appears set to end its two-child policy. Photograph:  AFP/Getty Images

Current limits of two children per couple may end as population ages

Former South Korean president Park Geun-hye   is escorted to a courtroom to stand trial on alleged bribery, abuse of power and leaks of government secrets, in Seoul, South Korea, in  August 2017. Photograph: EPA

Park Geun-hye was ousted from office last year and jailed on corruption charges

A Chinese Catholic is baptised during at the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception in Beijing. The total number of Catholics in China is estimated at between 12 million and 30 million. Photograph: Mark Ralston/AFP/Getty Images

Beijing Letter: Election of bishops a key to power struggle for China’s Catholics

Chinese vice-president Wang Qishan, Salvadoran politician Medardo Gonzalez  and El Salvador’s foreign minister Carlos Castaneda during their meeting in Beijing on Tuesday. Photograph: Roman Pilipey/Getty Images

El Salvador is third diplomatic ally this year to switch from Taipei

Andy Chan,  founder of the Hong Kong National Party, surrounded by members of the media as he leaves the Foreign Correspondents’ Club in Hong Kong  on Tuesday. Photograph:  Philip Fong/AFP/Getty Images

Foreign Correspondents’ Club the focus of Beijing’s ire after pro-independence speech

Defendants on trial for the murder of a woman at a McDonald’s restaurant in eastern China in 2014. Her attackers claimed she was a demon when she refused to hand over her mobile phone.

Beijing regards the Church of Almighty God as a dangerous cult

Rainbow trout – or is it? Photograph: Deb Lindsey for The Washington Post via Getty Images

New rules mean rainbow trout can now be labelled and sold domestically as salmon

Ahn Hee-jung, former South Korean presidential contender of the ruling Democratic Party, arriving at court in Seoul. Photograph:  Jung Yeon-je/AFP/Getty Images

Critics say acquittal of Ahn Hee-jung more evidence of patriarchy at work in South Korea

The old district of Kashgar, in China’s Xinjiang province, in 2016  . Xinjiang, which borders Pakistan and Afghanistan, is an autonomous region that is home to 10 million Uighurs, who are mostly Muslim. Photograph: Gilles Sabrié/The New York Times

State media says security crackdown in Xinjiang prevents ‘tragedy’ from taking place

North Korea’s leader Kim Jon-un meeting South Korean president Moon Jae-in at the demarcation line that divides their countries at the summit in the truce village of Panmunjom in April. Photograph:  Korea summit press pool/AFP/Getty Images

Talks take place amid US frustration at slow pace of denuclearisation

Man with child at a subway station in Nanjing, in China’s eastern Jiangsu province: People aged 60 and above make up about 16.2 per cent of the population. Photograph: Getty Images

New postal design may suggest raising limit on child numbers to boost ageing population

Heaps of disused, abandoned bikes in graveyards around China’s cities show how hubris has soured the e-bike revolution. Photograph: AFP

Bicycle-sharing dream has soured in China

A member of Humane Society International with a dog in a cage at a dog farm during a rescue in Namyangju on the outskirts of Seoul in 2017. Photograph:Jung Yeon-Je/AFP/Getty Images

Consumption of dog meat falling but still popular among older people

President Xi Jinping has urged the Chinese people to show more dedication. Photograph: Gulshan Khan/AFP/Getty Images

Ruling Communist Party lays down law after dissenting statements

Chinese visitors congregate beside the National Stadium, also known as The Bird’s Nest, at the Beijing Olympic Park in Beijing,  on Tuesday. Photograph: Wu Hong/EPA

Beijing Letter: the 2008 games left a mixed legacy for the residents of the Chinese capital

A police officer speaks with a petitioner  as security personnel look on opposite China’s Banking Regulatory Commission in Beijing on Monday. Photograph: Greg Baker/AFP/Getty Images

Demonstrators angry at losses from risky peer-to-peer investment business

Debris of  Chinese artist Ai Weiwei’s Left and Right art studio in the Beijing suburbs. Photograph: Jason Lee

Dissident artist posts video of destruction of his building in Caochangdi area of Beijing

North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un visiting a trial operation of a new type of trolley bus at an undisclosed location in North Korea.  Photograph: KCNA via KNS/AFP/Getty Images

Mike Pompeo urges nations to maintain sanctions at ASEAN Summit in Singapore

During peak season, about 40,000 people visit Fujiazhuang beach in Dalian every day. Photograph: VCG

Beaches of the World: As China rises, Fujiazhuang beach lifestyle is hectic but cool

China’s commerce ministry says US tariffs are  aimed not at addressing trade issues but at harming China’s peaceful development. Photograph: iStock

China and US ministers meet in Singapore to talk about rising tensions

The former Google China headquarters in Beijing in 2010.  The internet giant is returning to the Chinese market, US media reports say. Photograph: Liu Jin/AFP/Getty Images

Internet giant left China eight years ago over censorship concerns

The remains of American servicemen from the Korean War arrive at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam in Honolulu, Hawaii. Photograph: Hugh Gentry/Reuters

Trump thanks North Korean leader Kim Jong-un and ‘looks forward to seeing him soon’

 Donald Trump:  China’s response to  his tariffs was to impose tariffs of its own and accuse the US of bullying

Trump reportedly has plan to increase pressure on Beijing by slapping 25% tariff on €172bn of imported Chinese goods

President Xi Jinping has held a hard stance and crackdown on graft and corruption in public government offices since coming to power in 2012. Photograph: STR/AFP/Getty Images

Ex-internet czar Lu Wei also charged with bribery in anti-corruption campaign

A satellite image shows the Sanumdong missile production site in North Korea on July 29th, 2018. Photograph: Planet Labs Inc/Reuters

Spy satellites spot ICBM construction at plant near Pyongyang

Chinese foreign minister Wang Yi, right, with UK foreign secretary Jeremy Hunt at a press briefing at the Diaoyutai State Guesthouse in Beijing on Monday, July 30th, 2018. Photograph: Andy Wong/AP

Jeremy Hunt seeking new trade opportunities in China to combat US aggression post-Brexit

Beijing. In a WeChat article, a Beijing-based website called for readers to share experiences of sexual assault. “Within 24 hours, we have received 1,700 stories regarding sexual harassment,” it said.  Photograph: Getty Images

Media figures, academics and leading intellectuals targeted on social media

A UN honour guard carries a box containing remains believed to be from American servicemen killed during the 1950-53 Korean War after they arrived from North Korea, at Osan Air Base. Photograph:  Ahn Young-joon/ Pool/Getty Images.

White House hails repatriation as a significant step in Korean peace process

Uighur people walk near  Baida Mosque. Urumqi Uygur in China’s Xinjiang province. Photograph: Zhang Peng/LightRocket via Getty Images

Increase in detentions among Muslim minorities as China cracks down on separatism

German novelist and poet Herta Müller reads some of Liu Xiaobo’s poems at  a memorial service for the late Chinese Nobel Peace Prize laureate in Gethsemane Church in Berlin on Friday. Photograph: Jens Schlueter/EPA

Friends, activists and exiled dissidents pay tribute to writer, but wife Liu Xia unable to attend

A 2002 photo of late Chinese dissident and Nobel Peace laureate Liu Xiaobo and his wife Liu Xia in Beijing. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Liu flies to Berlin for medical treatment after eight years under house arrest

North Korean leader Kim Jong-un and his wife Ri Sol-ju (left) with Chinese president Xi Jinping and his wife Peng Liyuan in  Beijing.  Photograph: North Korea’s Korean Central News Agency

Warmer ties between communist allies develop as US trade war heats up

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