A booth of books by China’s president, Xi Jinping, translated into foreign languages at an  expo in Shanghai. Photograph: Aly Song

Authorities introduce ‘gait recognition’ technology to identify by walk and silhouette

Visitors queue at the entrance of the first China International Import Expo  in Shanghai:  event  takes place as US president Donald Trump presses China to reduce its huge trade deficit with the US. Photograph: Johannes EIsele/AFP/Getty

Huge trade fair invites foreign companies to showcase goods to Chinese consumers

Shohrat Zakir, chairman of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, describes the mass internment of ethnic minority Muslims as a system of training centres. Photograph: AP/Ng Han Guan

Beijing says centres are for vocational training to steer youth away from extremism

Beijing and Washington have slapped tit-for-tat tariffs on each other in recent months, sparked by US president Donald Trump.

Authorities are trying to navigate through numerous challenges, including a trade war

Chinese premier Li Keqiang: the vaccine scandal is “vile”. Photograph: Francois Walschaerts/AFP/Getty

Scandal around safety of Changsheng Life Science medicines spark widespread fears

Shohrat Zakir, the number two Communist Party official. “Through vocational training, most trainees have been able to reflect on their mistakes and see clearly the essence and harm of terrorism and religious extremism.” Photograph: Ng Han Guan/AP

Official says life in Xinjiang better since crackdown on Islamist fundamentalists began

 China’s president Xi Jinping and US president Donald Trump     in Beijing in 2017. The  leaders are expected to meet at the G20 summit in Buenos Aires for their first face-to-face meeting since August. Photograph: Getty Images

Comments come as relations between biggest economies continue to worsen

The Great Hall of the People in Beijing: Sweden was the first Western country to establish diplomatic relations with China 50 years ago. Photograph: Reuters/Jason Lee

International diplomatic storm rages on with accusations of racism and ‘brutal abuse’

The US flag flies over Chinese shipping containers at the Port of Long Beach, in Los Angeles.

China has record trade surplus with US in September

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo (left) shakes hands with Yang Jiechi (right), China’s Director of the Central Foreign Affairs Commission Office, before their meeting at the Diaoyutai State Guesthouse in Beijing on October 8th, 2018 Photograph:  Daisuke Suzuki/EPA

First time an alleged Chinese intelligence officer has been extradited to US

People mingle in the old town of Kashgar, Xinjiang region, China. Xinjiang is China’s biggest province and the source of much of its oil and gas. Photograph:  Thomas Peter/Reuters

Legislative changes come amid criticism of mass detentions in Xinjiang province

Workers stand outside a commercial building to use their phones and smoke during a break in Hong Kong. In banning e-cigarettes, Hong Kong joins Singapore, Thailand, Uruguay and 24 other countries. Photograph: Anthony Wallace/AFP/Getty Images

After debate on regulating vaping, Hong Kong’s leader goes straight for a ban

Chris Yeung, chairman of the Hong Kong Journalist Association, with Foreign Correspondents’ Club president Florence de Changy  outside government headquarters in Hong Kong on Monday. They handed over petitions calling for an explanation of its visa rejection of Financial Times journalist Victor Mallet. Photograph: Anthony Wallace/AFP/Getty Images

FT editor’s visa ban linked to talk he hosted in August with independence activist

Chinese foreign minister Wang Yi with US secretary of state Mike Pompeo before a meeting at the Diaoyutai State Guesthouse in Beijing on Monday. Photograph: Andy Wong/Pool via Reuters

China’s foreign minister Wang Yi accuses US of making direct attack on relationship

Meng Hongwei: disappeared last month after a visit to China. Interpol said on Sunday its general secretariat had received his resignation as president. Photograph: Du Yu/Xinhua via AP

Meng Hongwei resigns from agency as ministry says task force will investigate claims

US vice-president Mike Pence addresses the Hudson Institute on the administration’s policy towards China in Washington, DC. Photograph: JIm Watson/AFP/Getty Images

Beijing claims Mike Pence’s accusations of ‘malign influence’ are baseless

 Chinese actress Fan Bingbing pictured during the 71st annual Cannes Film Festival in  May. Photograph: Franck Robichon/EPA

Missing Chinese actor makes fulsome apology online for ‘betraying the people’

The USS Decatur in the South China Sea. The US and China traded angry accusations after the Decatur and a Chinese warship nearly collided on September 30th. File photograph:  Diana Quinlan/US Navy via the New York Times

Destroyer came within 40m of USS Decatur in ‘unprofessional manoeuvre’, says US military

An anti-Brexit demonstrator stands outside the venue of the Conservative Party Conference in Birmingham. Photograph:  Reuters

Theresa May says overhaul will ‘end freedom of movement’ and will favour skilled workers

Television host Zhu Jun:  might win his case from a legal perspective but may have lost in terms of public opinion and the media. Photograph: Reuters

Former intern being sued by TV host Zhu Jun after she accused him of groping her

About 80.4 per cent of HIV/Aids patients in China had received anti-virus treatment as of the end of last year. Photograph: EPA/Roman Pilipey

The number of cases rises sharply this year to 820,000 people

Chinese foreign minister Wang Yi: “We did not and will not interfere in any country’s domestic affairs.” Photograph:  Don Emmert / AFP

Chinese media describes the claims as a ploy by the US president to win support in polls

US president Donald Trump has levied tariffs of 10 per cent on $200 billion (€170 billion) of Chinese products, which is due to increase to 25 per cent by the end of the year. Photograph: iStock

Robust domestic demand in Asian economies underpins expansion

US secretary of defence James Mattis: “We believe that we do have to have a relationship with China.”  Photograph: Reuters

China’s top naval officer cancels talks with US top brass over US decision to impose sanctions for China’s purchase of Russian wea(...)

A woman walks past the Holy Family Catholic Church in Taipei. There are 12-30 million Catholics in China. Photograph: Daniel Shih

Communist Party control of worship to continue under Catholic Patriotic Association

Kashgar in China’s Xinjiang province: Tensions between Uighurs and the ethnic Han majority in China have intensified, and hundreds have died in terror attacks and unrest. Photograph: Gilles Sabrié/The New York Times

‘Reform through education’ call for Muslim region comes amid international criticism

South Korean president Moon Jae-in, first lady Kim Jung-sook, North Korean leader Kim Jong-un and his wife Ri Sol-ju beside the Heaven Lake of Mount Paektu, North Korea. Photograph:   Pyeongyang Press Corps/Pool via Reuters

Kim Jong-un and Moon Jae-in hail greater unity but progress with US remains key

South Korean president Moon Jae-in shakes hands with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un after a joint news conference in Pyongyang, North Korea, Wednesday. Photograph: Reuters

Further measures include closure of Dongcheng-ri missile engine testing facility

South Korean president Moon Jae-in shakes hands  with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un before their summit at the Workers’ Party of Korea headquarters in Pyongyang on Tuesday. Photograph:  Pyeongyang Press Corps/AFP/Getty Images

Third inter-Korean summit comes against a backdrop of stalled US-North Korea talks

Posters of late communist leader Mao Zedong and President Xi Jinping  at a market in Beijing:  next step is to bring the China Dream overseas. Photograph: Greg Baker/AFP/Getty

China hammers home ‘core socialist’ ideas as president asserts himself against US trade war

A woman walks in the rain the day after Typhoon Mangkhut hit Yangjiang in China’s Guangdong province on Monday. Photograph:   Nicolas Asfouri/AFP/Getty Images

Fears more miners may be lost in the Philippines as storm wreaks havoc in region

Fan Binbing at the  Cannes Film Festival in May 2018. Photograph:  Stephane Mahe/Reuters

Speculation that actor with 62 million social media followers has been jailed for tax evasion

 Chinese men chat as they watch women dance in Ritan Park  in Beijing, China. By 2050,  35 per cent of China’s population will be aged 60 or over. Photograph: Kevin Frayer/Getty Images

Three decades of population control measures have skewed China’s demographics

Men hang up pennants outside a hospital in Chongqing, China to  celebrate the first Chinese Doctors’ Day last month. Photograph: Reuters

News that vaccinations for children were faulty rattles confidence in health system

An Uighur man drinking in a tea shop in Kashgar City, Xinjiang province, China.  A UN panel said about a million Uighurs were being held in a “massive internment camp that is shrouded in secrecy”. Photograph: Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

Beijing says UN panel’s report on one million Uighurs in detention ‘without factual basis’

Officially there are 2.5 million registered dogs in Beijing. Photograph: Getty

Twenty-five years after the end of a rabies-inspired ban, dog ownership is booming

A woman rides her scooter with two children in Huaxian county in China’s central Henan province. China appears set to end its two-child policy. Photograph:  AFP/Getty Images

Current limits of two children per couple may end as population ages

Former South Korean president Park Geun-hye   is escorted to a courtroom to stand trial on alleged bribery, abuse of power and leaks of government secrets, in Seoul, South Korea, in  August 2017. Photograph: EPA

Park Geun-hye was ousted from office last year and jailed on corruption charges

A Chinese Catholic is baptised during at the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception in Beijing. The total number of Catholics in China is estimated at between 12 million and 30 million. Photograph: Mark Ralston/AFP/Getty Images

Beijing Letter: Election of bishops a key to power struggle for China’s Catholics

Chinese vice-president Wang Qishan, Salvadoran politician Medardo Gonzalez  and El Salvador’s foreign minister Carlos Castaneda during their meeting in Beijing on Tuesday. Photograph: Roman Pilipey/Getty Images

El Salvador is third diplomatic ally this year to switch from Taipei

Andy Chan,  founder of the Hong Kong National Party, surrounded by members of the media as he leaves the Foreign Correspondents’ Club in Hong Kong  on Tuesday. Photograph:  Philip Fong/AFP/Getty Images

Foreign Correspondents’ Club the focus of Beijing’s ire after pro-independence speech

Defendants on trial for the murder of a woman at a McDonald’s restaurant in eastern China in 2014. Her attackers claimed she was a demon when she refused to hand over her mobile phone.

Beijing regards the Church of Almighty God as a dangerous cult

Rainbow trout – or is it? Photograph: Deb Lindsey for The Washington Post via Getty Images

New rules mean rainbow trout can now be labelled and sold domestically as salmon

Ahn Hee-jung, former South Korean presidential contender of the ruling Democratic Party, arriving at court in Seoul. Photograph:  Jung Yeon-je/AFP/Getty Images

Critics say acquittal of Ahn Hee-jung more evidence of patriarchy at work in South Korea

The old district of Kashgar, in China’s Xinjiang province, in 2016  . Xinjiang, which borders Pakistan and Afghanistan, is an autonomous region that is home to 10 million Uighurs, who are mostly Muslim. Photograph: Gilles Sabrié/The New York Times

State media says security crackdown in Xinjiang prevents ‘tragedy’ from taking place

North Korea’s leader Kim Jon-un meeting South Korean president Moon Jae-in at the demarcation line that divides their countries at the summit in the truce village of Panmunjom in April. Photograph:  Korea summit press pool/AFP/Getty Images

Talks take place amid US frustration at slow pace of denuclearisation

Man with child at a subway station in Nanjing, in China’s eastern Jiangsu province: People aged 60 and above make up about 16.2 per cent of the population. Photograph: Getty Images

New postal design may suggest raising limit on child numbers to boost ageing population

Heaps of disused, abandoned bikes in graveyards around China’s cities show how hubris has soured the e-bike revolution. Photograph: AFP

Bicycle-sharing dream has soured in China

A member of Humane Society International with a dog in a cage at a dog farm during a rescue in Namyangju on the outskirts of Seoul in 2017. Photograph:Jung Yeon-Je/AFP/Getty Images

Consumption of dog meat falling but still popular among older people

President Xi Jinping has urged the Chinese people to show more dedication. Photograph: Gulshan Khan/AFP/Getty Images

Ruling Communist Party lays down law after dissenting statements

Chinese visitors congregate beside the National Stadium, also known as The Bird’s Nest, at the Beijing Olympic Park in Beijing,  on Tuesday. Photograph: Wu Hong/EPA

Beijing Letter: the 2008 games left a mixed legacy for the residents of the Chinese capital

A police officer speaks with a petitioner  as security personnel look on opposite China’s Banking Regulatory Commission in Beijing on Monday. Photograph: Greg Baker/AFP/Getty Images

Demonstrators angry at losses from risky peer-to-peer investment business

Debris of  Chinese artist Ai Weiwei’s Left and Right art studio in the Beijing suburbs. Photograph: Jason Lee

Dissident artist posts video of destruction of his building in Caochangdi area of Beijing

North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un visiting a trial operation of a new type of trolley bus at an undisclosed location in North Korea.  Photograph: KCNA via KNS/AFP/Getty Images

Mike Pompeo urges nations to maintain sanctions at ASEAN Summit in Singapore

During peak season, about 40,000 people visit Fujiazhuang beach in Dalian every day. Photograph: VCG

Beaches of the World: As China rises, Fujiazhuang beach lifestyle is hectic but cool

China’s commerce ministry says US tariffs are  aimed not at addressing trade issues but at harming China’s peaceful development. Photograph: iStock

China and US ministers meet in Singapore to talk about rising tensions

The former Google China headquarters in Beijing in 2010.  The internet giant is returning to the Chinese market, US media reports say. Photograph: Liu Jin/AFP/Getty Images

Internet giant left China eight years ago over censorship concerns

The remains of American servicemen from the Korean War arrive at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam in Honolulu, Hawaii. Photograph: Hugh Gentry/Reuters

Trump thanks North Korean leader Kim Jong-un and ‘looks forward to seeing him soon’

 Donald Trump:  China’s response to  his tariffs was to impose tariffs of its own and accuse the US of bullying

Trump reportedly has plan to increase pressure on Beijing by slapping 25% tariff on €172bn of imported Chinese goods

President Xi Jinping has held a hard stance and crackdown on graft and corruption in public government offices since coming to power in 2012. Photograph: STR/AFP/Getty Images

Ex-internet czar Lu Wei also charged with bribery in anti-corruption campaign

A satellite image shows the Sanumdong missile production site in North Korea on July 29th, 2018. Photograph: Planet Labs Inc/Reuters

Spy satellites spot ICBM construction at plant near Pyongyang

Chinese foreign minister Wang Yi, right, with UK foreign secretary Jeremy Hunt at a press briefing at the Diaoyutai State Guesthouse in Beijing on Monday, July 30th, 2018. Photograph: Andy Wong/AP

Jeremy Hunt seeking new trade opportunities in China to combat US aggression post-Brexit

Beijing. In a WeChat article, a Beijing-based website called for readers to share experiences of sexual assault. “Within 24 hours, we have received 1,700 stories regarding sexual harassment,” it said.  Photograph: Getty Images

Media figures, academics and leading intellectuals targeted on social media

A UN honour guard carries a box containing remains believed to be from American servicemen killed during the 1950-53 Korean War after they arrived from North Korea, at Osan Air Base. Photograph:  Ahn Young-joon/ Pool/Getty Images.

White House hails repatriation as a significant step in Korean peace process

Uighur people walk near  Baida Mosque. Urumqi Uygur in China’s Xinjiang province. Photograph: Zhang Peng/LightRocket via Getty Images

Increase in detentions among Muslim minorities as China cracks down on separatism

German novelist and poet Herta Müller reads some of Liu Xiaobo’s poems at  a memorial service for the late Chinese Nobel Peace Prize laureate in Gethsemane Church in Berlin on Friday. Photograph: Jens Schlueter/EPA

Friends, activists and exiled dissidents pay tribute to writer, but wife Liu Xia unable to attend

A 2002 photo of late Chinese dissident and Nobel Peace laureate Liu Xiaobo and his wife Liu Xia in Beijing. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Liu flies to Berlin for medical treatment after eight years under house arrest

North Korean leader Kim Jong-un and his wife Ri Sol-ju (left) with Chinese president Xi Jinping and his wife Peng Liyuan in  Beijing.  Photograph: North Korea’s Korean Central News Agency

Warmer ties between communist allies develop as US trade war heats up

North Korean leader Kim Jong-un and Chinese president Xi Jinping making a toast at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. Photograph:  AFP Photo/KCNA via KNS

Leaders exchange ‘beneficial views’ on denuclearisation in Beijing

 A car believed to be carrying North Korean leader Kim Jong Un enters the Diaoyutai State Guest House in Beijing, China on  June 19th, 2018. Photograph:  Kyodo/via Reuters.

North Korean leader visits main ally soon after pledge to denuclearise peninsula

Both Washington and Beijing have looked on course for open trade war after talks failed to resolve US complaints about China’s industrial policies, China’s $375 billion (€325 billion) US trade deficit and a lack of equal market access.

Country say it will fight back as conflict escalates

South Korean Maj Gen Kim Do-gyun (left) shakes hands with his North Korean counterpart Lt Gen An Ik-san during a meeting on June 14th in Panmunjom, North Korea. Photograph:   South Korean defence ministry via Getty Images

Allies to reserve right to restart if North Korea fails to denuclearise, says report

North Korean leader Kim Jong-un shakes hands with Xi Jinping in Beijing. Photograph: AFP/KCNA via KNS

Analysts alarmed at how quickly the bar was lowered for winning concessions

A photo released by the official North Korean Central News Agency shows Korean leader Kim Jong Un and US president Donald Trump during a summit at Sentosa Island, Singapore. Photograph: KCNA

KCNA highlights US concessions on war games after summit in Singapore

North Korea’s leader Kim Jong-un  shaking hands with US president Donald Trump  in Singapore. Photograph: AFP/the Straits Times/ Kevin Lim

More style than substance as US and North Korean leaders meet for first time

Donald Trump  and Kim Jong-un sign an agreement as US secretary of state Mike Pompeo  and the North Korean leader’s sister Kim Yo-jong look on. Photograph: Saul Loeb/AFP/Getty Images

Only new development is US agreement to stop joint military drills with South Korea

North Korea leader Kim Jong Un  shakes hands with US President Donald Trump  at the start of their historic summit in Singapore. Photograph: Saul Loeb/AFP/Getty Images

Statement following historic summit in Singapore gives no details on how denuclearisation will be achieved

In this photo released by the Ministry of Communications and Information of Singapore, US president Donald Trump blows out a candle on a cake celebrating an early birthday during lunch with Singapore’s prime minister Lee Hsien Loong in Singapore on Monday. Photograph: Ministry of Communications and Information Singapore via AP

Rocket Man tacos, El Trumpo cheeseburgers, Summit iced teas and customised trinkets are all go

 US president Donald Trump  holds up a menu card during a working lunch with Singapore’s prime minister Lee Hsien-loong at the Istana. Photograph: Singapore ministry of communication/EPA

White House makes claim as Trump alters schedule for landmark Singapore summit

US president Donald Trump meets Canada’s prime minister Justin Trudeau at the G7 summit in Quebec.  Photograph: Christinne Muschi

US leader withdraws support for summit communique and attacks ‘dishonest’ Trudeau

North Korea’s leader Kim Jong Un  with Singapore’s prime minister Lee Hsien Loong  on Sunday following Mr Kim’s arrival in Singapore. Kim Jong Un and Donald Trump are due to  meet on Tuesday. Photograph: /AFP/Getty Images

Leaders will discuss denuclearisation of Korean peninsula

A poster outside a restaurant, Harmony Nasi Lemak, in Singapore, promotes a special Trump Kim-Chi dish on  its menu. Photograph: Ore Huiying/Getty Images

US president keen to showcase deal-making skills in Singapore next week

The Capella Hotel on Singapore’s Sentosa island, where Donald Trump and Kim Jong-un are expected to meet on June 12th. Photograph:  Jonathan Choo/The Straits Times/EPA

Foreign minister travels to Pyongyang after island of Sentosa chosen to host meeting

North Korean leader Kim Jong-un talking with South Korean president Moon Jae-in during a meeting at the northern side of Panmunjom, North Korea, on May 26th. Photograph:  South Korea Presidential Blue House/Yonhap via AP

A week to go until historic summit between Trump and North Korean leader

Jastine Valdez: ‘Jas was a very popular girl, everyone was very sad about it.’

Shock, grief and many unanswered questions abound in Jastine’s home town of Aritao

There are deep cultural reasons why tattoos were frowned upon for so long in China because until the Qing dynasty, which ended in 1911, tattoos were used as a form of punishment

Communist Party sees body art as out of kilter with its moral socialist ideology

The meeting between South Korean president Moon Jae-in and Kim Jong Un was “a public relations moment” for North Korea, says Suki Kim. Photograph: Reuters

The mooted US-Korea summit is a PR event for three desperate leaders, says Suki Kim

‘As a child Jastine was always the first pick to be a flower girl.’

Relatives mourn as 24-year-old’s remains lie in her grandmother’s Philippines home

Senior adviser and US president’s daughter Ivanka Trump  and Jared Kushner: won approval from Beijing for five new trademarks. Photograph: Alex Wong/Getty

Trademarks issued to US president daughter raise concern about White House ethics

The  Philippine  navy  simulating a rescue  during a navy anniversary celebration in Manila. President Rodrigo  Duterte has said he would go to war over his country’s rights to resources in the South China Sea  area. Photograph: EPA

US warships sail near Paracel Islands as tensions grow

South Korean president Moon Jae-in and US president Donald Trump:  Mr Trump tweeted that he sees “brilliant potential” in North Korea. Photograph:  Saul Loeb/ AFP/Getty

Despite differences on denuclearisation, Kim Jong-un and Trump look to Singapore talks

China’s president Xi Jinping “pledged to work with Germany to bring bilateral ties to a new high”. Photograph: Jason Lee/Getty Images

Berlin and Beijing stand by Iran nuclear deal despite US decision to withdraw from pact

South Koreans watch a TV news broadcast on North Korea’s dismantling of its Punggye-ri nuclear test site, at Seoul Station on Thursday. Photograph:  Jeon Heon-Kyun/EPA

Demolition witnessed by foreign reporters but no independent scientists present

Chinese president Xi Jinping and German chancellor Angela Merkel at  the Zoo in Berlin in July 2017. Photograph: Axel Schmidt/Reuters

Germany’s task is to keep both China and US onside despite contentious trade surpluses

Children performing a kung fu fan dance while carrying plastic eggs during an “egg protection” activity to help pupils understand motherhood in Guilin, Guangxi province. Photograph:  Stringer/Reuters

Chinese affluence and urbanisation is leading couples to want to have fewer offspring

China’s South Sea fleet taking part in a drill in the Xisha Islands, or the Paracel Islands in the South China Sea, in May 2016.  Photograph:   AFP/Getty Images

US has condemned landings of nuclear-capable aircraft as destabilising the region

Police are investigating complaints of sexual assault against one of South Korea’s best-known theatre directors Lee Youn-taek by 16 women, all of them junior colleagues, over the past two decades. Photograph: Jean Chung/Bloomberg

Seoul Letter: feminist revolt takes on Confucian patriarchy in IT, arts, politics and film

Last March US president Donald Trump signed trade sanctions against China. US treasury secretary Steven Mnuchin confirmed on Sunday that Washington and Beijing had agreed to back off from imposing tariffs on each other.

Deal does not include $200 billion target proposed by US president Donald Trump

Moon Jae-in, South Korea’s president, will meet  US president Donald Trump on Tuesday in Washington for a briefing ahead of a summit between North Korean leader Kim Jong-un and the US leader in Singapore on June 12th. Photograph: Kimimasa Mayama/Pool via Bloomberg

Pyongyang may pull out of talks over air force drills

Irish beef in China: “There is certainty in Ireland, and that’s the message we’re bringing,” said the Minister for Agriculture, Michael Creed. Photograph: EPA

Beef imported to China expected to grow by 76% in coming decade

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