Russia defends Syria’s slow progress on chemical arms

Deputy foreign minitser says Damascus battling security and logistical issues

Cypriot foreign minister Ioannis Kasoulides (C) stands with Danish chemical warfare officers onboard the “Esbern Snare”, a Danish frigate which is one of the military escorts to cargo vessels extracting chemical weapons from Syria. Photograph: Reuters.

Cypriot foreign minister Ioannis Kasoulides (C) stands with Danish chemical warfare officers onboard the “Esbern Snare”, a Danish frigate which is one of the military escorts to cargo vessels extracting chemical weapons from Syria. Photograph: Reuters.

 

Russia stepped up its defence of Damascus today in a dispute with the West over delays in the elimination of Syria’s chemical arsenal, saying president Bashar al-Assad’s government was not to blame and a June deadline could still be met.

Russian deputy foreign minister Sergei Ryabkov said there was no need to put “political pressure” on Damascus because the delays were the result of a difficult security situation and logistical issues.

The operation to dispose of Syria’s stockpile under a deal brokered by Russia and the United States is up to two months behind schedule and a deadline for sending all toxic agents out of Syria this week will be missed.

US officials accused Damascus of dragging its feet and US secretary of state John Kerry asked Russian foreign minister Sergei Lavrov last Friday to put pressure on Dr Assad’s government to accelerate the operation.

“We have heard a lot of public statements from representatives of Western countries and international organisations who have cast this issue in a somewhat alarming light,” Mr Ryabkov told Reuters. “We think there are no grounds for this.”

“It was clear from the very beginning that overly tight schedules established last year for the removal of chemicals from Syria would shift,” he said, while offering assurances the June 30th deadline for completing the operation can still be met.

“This was linked to the drawn-out process of delivering the materials and equipment needed for this absolutely unprecedented operation,” Mr Ryabkov said. “It is also linked, of course, to the very difficult security situation.”

Russia has been Dr Assad’s most powerful diplomatic supporter during the nearly three-year-old conflict in Syria, using its veto power in the UN Security Council to block Western-backed efforts to push him from power or impose sanctions.

Despite sharp differences, Russia and the United States have joined forces to initiate peace talks and to press Syria to eliminate its chemical arsenal after a poison gas attack that killed hundreds near Damascus in August.

Dr Assad’s swift agreement to the plan, first proposed by Russia, helped avert potential US air strikes. But the delays have caused many in the West to suspect he is stalling and ask whether Russia can and will lean on him to speed it up.

Mr Ryabkov dismissed such suspicions, saying: “Damascus is approaching this process in an extremely responsible way.”

“I see complete commitment on the part of the country’s leadership ... to fulfilling these agreements,” he added. “The pace is another thing, and after all we are only at the very beginning of February, and there is certainly enough time to do everything that is planned.”

Russia hopes shipments out of Syria will continue soon, he said, adding that Damascus was concerned about security and suggesting Moscow thought its requests for more equipment legitimate. A US official last week dismissed the requests as a stalling tactic.

Russia is helping escort shipments out and has supplied 75 trucks and armoured vehicles to transport toxic agents to the port of Latakia for removal for destruction abroad, but Ryabkov said Russian personnel were not involved in the convoys.

“One of the reasons why the volume of toxic materials that has been sent out is not as substantial as many would have hoped is that the security situation does not allow the Syrians to intensify this process,” he said.

He gave no specific details but said Russia and all those who were in contact with groups that influence forces opposing the government must work with them to avoid attacks or other efforts to undermine the process.

Reuters