Yemeni children  wait for food rations  in Sana’a, Yemen. ‘The children of Yemen have suffered far too long, living in conditions no human being should ever have to bear.’ Photograph: Yahya Arhab/EPA

Houthi rebels agree to withdraw from Hodeida in deal with Saudi-backed government

Pakistani prime minister Imran Khan and Saudi Arabia’s  prince Mohammed bin Salman  in Islamabad,  February 18th. Photograph: Press handout via Reuters

First stop Islamabad gives royal welcome as prince frees 2,100 Pakistanis in Saudi jails

Iran’s  Hassan Rouhani,  Russia’s Vladimir Putin  and Turkey’s Recep Tayyip Erdogan  at a trilateral meeting about Syria in the Black Sea resort of Sochi on February 14th. Photograph: Sergei Chirikov

Moscow, Tehran and Ankara find no accord at Sochi summit on defeating Idlib jihadis

 Members of Iranian revolutionary guards corps during a ceremony marking the 40th anniversary of the 1979 Islamic revolution at the Azadi (Freedom) square in Tehran on Sunday. Photograph: Abedin Taherkenareh/EPA

Clerics must recognise need to acknowledge aspirations of Iranians born after revolution

Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) fighters stand guard as a convoy of trucks transports civilians fleeing the battered Islamic State-held holdout of Baghouz in the eastern Syrian province of Deir Ezzor on Monday. Photograph: Fadel Senna/AFP

Despite air raids, fighters from jihadi bastion in Kurdish-controlled area reclaim positions

US resident Donald Trump at a rally at Al-Asad Airbase in Iraq in December. Photograph: Al Drago/New York Times

Baghdad condemns US president’s plans to expand military in Iraq to ‘watch’ Iran

Pope Francis (R) shakes hands with Abu Dhabi’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed al-Nahyan  in the UAE capital. Photograph: Vatican media/AFP/Getty Images

Amid calls to press for peace in Yemen, the pontiff met with 600 religious figures in UAE

Lebanese prime minister Saad al-Hariri  takes a selfie with journalists at the Presidential Palace in east Beirut, Lebanon, on Thursday.  Photograph: Wael Hamzeh

France, along with US and other powers, had exerted pressure on prime minister Hariri

The government of Palestinian prime minister Rami Hamdallah  has submitted its resignation to President Mahmoud Abbas. Photograph: EPA/Abed  Al Hashlamoun

President begins consulations to form new government

France’s president Emmanuel Macron, Cyprus’s president Nicos Anastasiades and Greece’s prime minister Alexis Tsipras talk in Nicosia. Photograph: Yiannis Kourtoglou

Grouping of seven EU Mediterranean states unhappy at burden of hosting migrants

 Italian prime minister Giuseppe Conte at European Council in Brussels in June, 2018. Photograph: EPA/ Julien Warnand

Brexit and climate change also on agenda for seven states at ‘Club Med’ meeting in Cyprus

Construction workers at the site of a school funded by the US United States Agency for International Development  in the Palestinian village of Al-Jabaa, 15km  southwest of Bethlehem. Photograph:  Hazem Bader/AFP

Violence could escalate as Palestinian Authority faces bankruptcy

 Fortified Kawkaban town in  Al-Mahwit province in Yemen: the ancient site was destroyed entirely.   Photograph:  DEA/C Dani/I Jeske/De Agostini/Getty

Saudi-led coalition, Houthi rebels and jihadi groups laying waste millenniums of heritage

Hakeem al-Araibi, a former Bahrain national team footballer with refugee status in Australia, is escorted by immigration police to a court in Bangkok on December 11th, 2018. Photograph: Lillian Suwanrumpha/AFP

Human Rights Watch voices extradition fears on country of 4,000 political prisoners

Turkish-backed Syrian fighters  using an armoured vehicle provided by the Turkish army, near the town of Tal Hajar in Aleppo’s province, a few kilometres from areas controlled by a Kurdish-led coalition. Phoograph: Bakr Alkasem/AFP/ Getty Images

Kurds also against proposed development along the Syrian-Turkish border

A busy street in the northern city of Idlib, Syria’s mostly rebel-held province. Photograph:   Muhammad Haj Kadour / AFP

Idlib could become a base for the infiltration of jihadis into the region and Europe

Asylum seeker Rahaf al-Qunun has renounced Islam and could face a charge of apostasy, which, under Saudi law, is punishable by death. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Male guardianship treats women as lifelong minors

A banner depicting Syrian president Bashar al-Assad in Douma: Unless Syria recovers, millions of Syrian refugees will stay in host countries. Photograph: Marko Djurica

Saudis, UAE and Egypt willing to embrace Assad if it curbs influence of Iran and Turkey

Syrian civilians cross from rebel-held areas in Idlib province into regime-held territories on December 27th, 2018. Photograph:  George Ourfalian/ AFP/Getty

Shelling persists between insurgents and army as Tahrir al-Sham holds most of Idlib

A Palestinian woman and her child  in Khan Younis in the southern Gaza Strip on December 30th.  Photograph: Ibraheem Abu Mustafa/Reuters

Trump administration has cut $300m funding, reducing agency’s budget by a third

President Donald Trump during an unannounced trip at Al Asad Air Base in Iraq. Photograph: Al Drago/The New York Times

Turkey appears determined to boost relations with Moscow as US becomes unreliable

A flag depicting Abdullah Öcalan, founder of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party. Photograph: Mauricio Lima/The New York Times

Move increases likelihood of Turkish invasion of the border zone ruled by Kurds

A convoy of US army troops and the People’s Protection Units (YPG) Kurdish militia patrol near al-Ghanamya village  at the Syrian-Turkish border, in April 2017. Photograph: Youssef Rabie Youssef/EPA

As well as the enduring Isis threat, the power dynamics in Syria are finely balanced

Shots are fired from a vehicle during heavy fighting between the Yemeni government and Houthis in Hodeidah, Yemen. Image: Arab 24/via Reuters

Overall deal appears to have the support of outside powers involved in the war

Turkish president Tayyip Erdogan: said Ankara would “in a few days” clear Syrian Kurdish fighters from northern Syria. Photograph: Murat Kula

US alarmed by Erdogan announcement but silent on how its 2,200 troops in field will act

Syrians in Beirut, Lebanon, preparing to return to their homeland. Photograph: Jamal Saidi/Reuters

Some neighbouring host countries are applying pressure on refugees to leave

A  Yemeni woman holds a placard at an anti-war rally in front of the UN offices in Sana’a. Photograph: Yahya Arhab

Expectation that 600 captives held since start of 3½-year civil war in Yemen will be freed

Both Hadi al-Amiri, above, and his nominee are backed by Tehran, while Muqtada al-Sadr is a nationalist who opposes foreign interference in Iraq. Photograph: Khalid al-Mousily/File Photo/Reuters

Six months after elections, appointment of an interior minister is bone of contention

Then US president George HW Bush talking to supporters in St Louis in October 1992. Photograph: Peter Newcomb/AFP/Getty Images

Regional rulers have praised the former US president but he has a controversial legacy

This grab from a video shows Syrian workers of a Raqqa group carrying human remains at the site of a mass grave believed to contain the bodies of civilians and Islamic State militants in Raqqa. Photograph: AP Photo

Amnesty says US-led coalition that did most of the bombing did not try to protect civilians

Mohamed bin Salman: since the advent of the Trump administration, bin Salman has been charged with making deals under the table with Israel and the US with the aim of removing Palestine and Palestinians from the world map. Photograph: Getty Images

The Khashoggi murder has focused existing Arab anti-Saudi antagonism on Mohamed bin Salman

Tunisian women hold up saws and signs showing pictures of Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman with a caption below reading in Arabic “no welcome, Tunisians against the visit of the Saudi Crown Prince to Tunisia”, during an anti-Saudi Crown Prince protest  in the capital, Tunis on November 27th Photograph:  Fethi Belaid/ AFP/Getty

Mohammed bin Salman will soon travel to Argentina for G20 summit

US president Donald Trump and Saudi crown prince Mohammed bin Salman at a meeting in Riyadh in May 2017. Photograph: Mandel Ngan/AFP/Getty Images

US president’s refusal to blame MBS for Khashoggi killing is bad news for Middle East

 Yemeni pro-government forces on the eastern outskirts of Hodeida on Wednesday. Photograph:  Saleh Al-Obeidi/AFP/Getty Images

Hopes rise for breakthrough in conflict as UAE calls for early UN peace talks

Canadian prime minister Justin Trudeau speaks during a press conference at the Canadian embassy in Paris, France. Photograph: Philippe Lopez/AFP/Getty Images

Pressure mounts on White House to take action against those linked to the killing

A displaced child from Hodeidah province carries water supplies on a donkey: a child dies every 10 minutes in Yemen from preventable diseases. Photograph: Essa Ahmed/ AFP

Discussions between Saudi-led coalition and Houthi rebels were due to begin this month

Democrat Ilhan Omar, an immigrant born in a Kenyan-Somali refugee camp, was elected. Photograph: Craig Lassig

Approval for success of Muslim women, and for Democrats taking House of Representatives

US secretary of defence James Mattis:  envisages continuing Saudi air raids on Yemen in the next 30 days. Photograph:  AFP/Getty Images

Analysis: Washington offer is not even-handed and invites Saudis to expand offensive

  People wait with their vehicles to cross Jaber-Nassib border crossing to Syria from Jordan on October 29th. A total of 344 refugees were said to have returned to Syria early this week Photograph:  Andre Pain/EPA

Although towns are no longer battlefields, many Syrians remain reluctant to return

Elderly men talk to each other in downtown Amman. Photograph: Muhammad Hamed/Reuters

Economy sags in country with scant agriculture, tourism, energy and rule of law

Syrian refugees after crossing into Jordan territory with their families in 2015. Photograph: Muhammad Hamed/File Photo/Reuters

Debt problem and high unemployment threaten small Middle Eastern nation

A class that lost pupils in an August 2018 Saudi-led air strike on a school bus in Saada province in Yemen. Photograph: Naif Rahma/Reuters

As world focuses on Khashoggi, UN warns of 13 million Yemenis facing starvation

 Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas stated: ‘Palestine was – and shall remain – on the side of Saudi Arabia.’ Photograph:  Abbas Momani / AFP

Saudi Arabia denies leaks that Khashoggi was killed at the consulate

A Syrian rebel fighter from the National Liberation Front. Photograph: Aaref Watad/AFP/Getty Images

Russia and Turkey negotiated deal for buffer to avert bloody conflict in civilian-heavy area

Jamal Khashoggi: a man who knew too much. Photograph: Mohammed al-Shaikh/AFP/Getty Images

Not even royals are exempt from being ‘disappeared’ by despotic Wahhabist regime

Syrian rebel-fighters from the National Liberation Front (NLF) secure a tank, part of heavy weapons and equipment withdrawn from a planned buffer zone around Idlib Photograph: Omar Haj Kadolur/AFP/Getty

Date set by Russia and Turkey aiming to impose lasting ceasefire in Syrian province

Girls perform a dance at the Unrwa-funded school in Nuzha, Jordan. Photograph: Michael Jansen

Nuzha secondary school in Jordan faced closure due to US withdrawal of $300m funds

A celebratory welcome for Khlifa bin Jassim al-Kuwari, director of the Qatar Fund for Development, which donated €43m to finance schools such as the Baqa’a elementary school in Jordan

Unrwa will have to launch a supreme effort to make up for the lack of US funds

President Mahmoud Abbas of the Palestinian National Authority addresses the 73rd United Nations General Assembly at UN headquarters in New York. Photograph: Chang W Lee/The New York Times

Mahmoud Abbas tells assembly Trump has reneged on all previous US commitments

Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani is shown on a large screen as he addresses the 73rd session of the United Nations General Assembly at UN headquarters in New York, this week. Photograph: Carlo Allegri/Reuters

Tehran replaces North Korea as US administration’s choice for primary external target

A Turkish military vehicle drives southwards along the main Damascus-Aleppo highway  in Syria’s mostly rebel-held northern Idlib province. Photograph: Omar Haj Kadour/AFP/Getty Images

Moscow and Ankara seek demilitarised buffer zone in Syrian province to avert disaster

Hizbullah leader Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah addresses  supporters on a screen in Beirut, Lebanon. Hizbullah will maintain a presence in Syria “until further notice”. Photograph: Aziz Taher/Reuters

Militant leader Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah warns Israel of potential ‘unexpected fate’

Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin following their talks in Sochi on Monday.  Turkish-US relations have soured, encouraging Moscow to establish a bilateral regional strategic alliance.  Photograph: Alexander Zemlianichenko/Pool via Reuters

Demilitarised zone around Syrian province agreed by Russia and Turkey cannot last

A Yemeni child stands among armed supporters of Houthi rebels during a gathering to mobilise more fighters into the Hodeidah battlefront, in Sanaa, Yemen, last week.  Photograph: Yahya Arhab/EPA

Yemen conflict, dubbed the ‘forgotten war’, is on the brink of a humanitarian catastrophe

On September 13th, 1993, US president Bill Clinton stands between PLO leader Yasser Arafat and Israeli prime minister Yitzahk Rabin as they shake hands. Photograph: J David Ake/AFP/Getty Images

September 1993 was the best of times for Palestinians. Now they face the worst of times

Iraqi protesters wave a national flag outside the burnt-down local government headquarters in Basra, after the hospitalisation of 30,000 people who had drunk polluted water. Photograph:  Haidar Mohammed Ali

Sadr’s call for Abadi to step down will stall government formation and thwart coalition

Supporters of Yemen’s Houthi rebels raise Kalashnikovs and signs depicting children killed in a Saudi-led coalition air strike on a bus in August, at a rally in Saada. Photograph: Stringer/AFP/Getty

Houthis concerned Saudis may strand them outside Yemen during Geneva peace meeting

Syrian children at a camp for displaced civilians fleeing from advancing Syrian government forces in Idlib province. Photograph: Amer Alhamwe/AFP/Getty Images

As tensions rise, clashes between Russian and Turkish forces cannot be ruled out

 Palestinian students attending a class at Haifa School, which is run by the United Nations Works and Relief Agency for Palestinian Refugees (Unrwa) in Beirut, Lebanon. Photograph: Nabil Mounzer/EPA

Trump administration’s withdrawal of funding from UN agency Unrwa a bitter blow

The late  Republican senator John McCain: Considered a great friend of Saudi Arabia. Photograph: Michael Reynolds/EPA

The late US senator advocated multiple pre-emptive wars to project US global power

Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman aka MBS: Since his father became king in early 2015, MBS has made powerful enemies. Photograph: Fayez Nureldine/AFP/Getty Images

The shelving of Aramco’s $100bn IPO heaps pressure on crown prince Mohammed

Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas: Donald Trump’s actions may show he has transformed personal animus toward the Palestinians into US policy. Photograph: Atef Safadi

US financial pressure seen as part of force exerted to accept ‘deal of century’ with Israel

A Syrian soldier stands guard as people  ride in a vehicle at the Abu Duhur crossing on the eastern edge of Idlib province on Monday. Photograph: George Ourfalian/AFP/Getty Images

Al-Qaeda-linked group vows to fight on but insurgents in Syria province are increasingly divided

A customer views jewelry alongside a display of international currency values at an exchange in Istanbul. Photograph: Ismail Ferdous/Bloomberg

Muslims have curbed spending at a time of year when they normally hold lavish religious celebrations

A bus transporting Syrian refugees home on the border between Syria and Lebanon. Photograph: Getty Images

Damascus says repatriation a top priority and urges foreign fiscal aid for resettlement

Jordanian emergency services and security forces at a damaged building during a police raid on a house sheltering terrorists suspected of detonating  a bomb under a police van. Photograph:  Getty Images

Bomb was detonated under a police car and four security men were killed in shoot-out

Syrians gather at a site of car bomb in the northwestern Syrian city of Idlib. Photograph: Omar Haj Kadour/AFP/Getty Images

Fears that many thousands of civilians could be displaced in event of devastating battle

Counting Iranian Rials as Washington reimposed sanctions on the Islamic republic, triggering a mix of anger, fear and defiance in Tehran. Photograph: Getty Images

Tehran cuts imports of non-essential goods and introduces subsidies on food, medicine

Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas: has dismissed the Trump administration’s plan as the “slap of the century” and declared he will not commit “treason” by discussing it. Photograph: Mohamad Torokman

Almost two-thirds back Palestinian Authority’s rejection of US as mediator, poll reveals

Turkey’s foreign minister Mevlut Cavusoglu and Turkish-Cypriot leader Mustafa Akinci: “Afrika” paper’s prosecution  demonstrates Ankara is determined to export to northern Cyprus its mainland crackdown on dissent. Photograph: Petros Karadjias/AP

OSCE and European Commission defend freedom to write ‘Zorba the Cypriot’ article

 Samar Badawi receiving the 2012 International Women of Courage award from first lady Michelle Obama and  secretary of state Hillary Clinton. File photograph:  Gary Cameron/Reuters

Despite outward show of social reforms, Saudi authorities are cracking down on dissent

US president Donald Trump holds a chart of military hardware sales as he welcomes Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman in Washington in  March 2018. Photograph: Jonathan Ernst/Reuters

King Salman clarifies rejection of Jared Kushner’s plan in wake of heir’s ambiguity

A Palestinian Unrwa  employee at a protest against job cuts at its headquarters in Gaza City, July 25th, 2018. Photograph: Mohammed Salem

Trump decision to reduce funding to UN body aiding Palestinians will hit jobs and services

Damages after a suicide bomb attack  in Sweida. Photograph: Sana/Handout via Reuters

The attack, the first major Isis strike in Syria, targeted country’s Druze community

Demonstrators attend a rally to protest against the Jewish nation state Bill in Tel Aviv. Photograph: Jack Guez/AFP/Getty Images

In Arab eyes the ‘racist’ provisions have finished off the two-state solution

Buses  transferring Syrian rebel fighters and civilians to opposition territory in Idlib.  Photograph: AFP Photo

Buses to bring insurgent fighters and civilians to Idlib under agreed deal with Russia

Iraqi protesters hand over job requests to government employees in Basra, Iraq. Photograph: Essam al-Sudani/Reuters

Southern Shias to take to the streets to demand water, jobs, and an end to corruption

A picture taken  from the Israeli-annexed Syrian Golan Heights shows displaced Syrians going back to their camp near the Syrian village of Burayqah, after being turned back by the Israeli forces at the border fence between Syria and the  Golan Heights, where they were trying to seek refuge.  Photograph: Jalaa Marey/AFP/Getty Images

US has conceded key Russian demands but Trump has not recommitted to troop pullout

A woman holds a Syrian flag in Deraa, where the uprising against Bashar al-Assad’s regime began in 2011. Photograph: Omar Sanadiki/Reuters

Putin and Trump to discuss Syria at summit, as Kurds seek to make deal with Damascus

Displaced Syrians at a Jordanian military medical outpost, near Nasib border crossing between Jordan and Syria. Photograph: Ahmad Abdo/EPA

Kingdom already hosts 1.3m Syrians fleeing war, straining country’s slim resources

Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan reviewing a military guard of honour with Turkish Cypriot leader Mustafa Akinci in the Turkish Cypriot northern part of the divided city of Nicosia on Tuesday. Photograph:  Andreas Manoli/EPA

Most secular community in Muslim world opposed Turkish president’s opening of huge new mosque

A Syrian child rides his bike after Syrian government forces recently recaptured the village of Ghariyah ash Sharqiyah from the rebels, in the province of Deraa. Photograph:  AFP/ Youssef Karwashan/ Getty Images

Attack on airbase coincided with a Syrian army victory over insurgents in the south

Protesters wave Palestinian flags as they demonstrate against Israel at the Palestinian Bedouin village of Khan al-Ahmar on July 6th, 2018. Photograph: Ahmad Gharabli/AFP/Getty

Israel planned to demolish Khan al-Ahmar and transfer 181 residents to toxic landfill

UN special envoy for Yemen Martin Griffiths (centre): called this week’s talks with rebel leader Abdel Malik al-Houthi “positive and constructive”. Photograph: Mohammed Huwais/AFP/Getty

‘Relentless conflict in Yemen has pushed a country on the brink deep into the abyss’

Internally displaced people from Deraa province arrive near the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights in Quneitra, Syria. Photograph: Alaa Al-Faqir/Reuters

Some 270,000 Syrians who have fled fighting are stranded on border with Jordan

Israeli defence minister Avigdor Lieberman, Cypriot defence minister Savvas Angelides  and Greek defence minister Panos Kammenos. Photograph: Yiannis Kourtoglou/Reuters

Deal would require ‘agreement and co-operation of all stakeholders’

Iraqi Shia cleric Moqtada al-Sadr: has allies in Hadi al-Amiri and Haidar al-Abadi. Photograph: Alaa al-Marjani/Reuters

Shia cleric Muqtada al-Sadr’s bond with Hadi al-Amiri could remove Tehran’s obstruction

Relatives of a Palestinian, who was killed at the Israel-Gaza border, react at a hospital in Gaza on Monday. Photograph: Mohammed Salem/Reuters

UN agency UNRWA says it is ‘weeks away from painful cuts’ due to lack of funds

A man fills up the tank in Cairo on June 29th, 2017. Egypt has raised fuel prices three times since austerity was adopted in 2015. Photograph:  Khaled Desouki/AFP/Getty Images

Startling contrast between reactions to austerity in Jordan and Egypt

Mohammad bin Salman,  Fifa president Gianni Infantino and Russian president Vladimir Putin at the World Cup opening ceremony. Photograph: Alexei  Druzhinin/EPA

Russia and Saudi Arabia have co-operated on crude oil supplies since 2016

Workers unload wheat provided by Unicef at Hodeidah: the Red Sea port  is a key entry point for aid to war-torn Yemen. Photograph: Abdo Hyder/AFP/Getty

UN among those warning move on Houthi rebels may kill and maim 250,000 civilians

Syrians displaced from the city of Afrin display pictures of their homes. Photograph: Delil Souleiman/AFP/Getty

Syrian Democratic Council would have to break with US to achieve rapprochement

 Minister for Foreign Affairs Simon Coveney   with Cypriot foreign minister Nikos Christodoulides at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Nicosia, Cyprus, on Friday. Photograph: Katia Christodoulou/EPA

Tánaiste holds discussions with Israeli and Palestinian officials on trip to Middle East

A monument dedicated to the 47 Irish troops killed while keeping the peace near Tibnin in south Lebanon.

Lebanon Letter: there are 10,500 troops from 41 countries in this strategic territory

Men  stand in line to cast their votes during a special voting day for members of the security forces on Thursday, ahead of Iraq’s parliamentaryh elections this weekend. Photograph: Ali Abbas/EPA

Election campaign dominated by sectarian forces that emerged after US war

 Iranian MPs burn a US flag in the parliament in Tehran following  US president Donald Trump’s decision to withdraw from the nuclear accord. Photograph: AFP

Reformist president Hassan Rouhani has vowed to continue abiding by the agreement

Supporters of Lebanon’s Hizbullah and Amal celebrate results in Marjayoun: some fear, particularly in south Lebanon, that Israel may carry out a new campaign to eliminate Hizbullah. Photography: Aziz Taher

Israel’s education minister responds to poll outcome by saying ‘Hizbullah = Lebanon’

Supporters of the Progressive Socialist Party carry  party flags and  shout slogans during the Lebanese parliamentary elections  in the town of Moukhtara, at Chouf district in Mount Lebanon. Photograph: Wael Hamzeh/EPA

Thousands of Lebanese braved traffic, confusion and chaos to take part in long overdue election

 Election posters  on buildings in the Bab al-Tabbaneh and Jabal Mohsen neighbourhoods of Tripoli in  northern Lebanon. Photograph: Getty Images

Several ‘firsts’ in the Middle East country’s first parliamentary election in nine years

More articles