An ancient book with Jewish text, part of the “Welcome to Jerusalem” exhibition in  Berlin.  The diverse challenges Jerusalem faces are presented in historical displays, artistic reactions and medial staging. Photograph: Felipe Trueba/EPA

Challenge was presenting five millennia of history – 55 attacks, 23 sieges, two levelings – in 15 rooms

French president Emmanuel Macron and Poland’s prime minister Mateusz Morawiecki ahead of a bilateral meeting at the European Union leaders summit in Brussels on Friday. Photograph: Francois Lenoir/Reuters

New PM Mateusz Morawiecki draws parallels with post-Vichy France and post-Franco Spain

  German chancellor Angela Merkel and SPD leader Martin Schulz:  The centre-left SPD wants greater social and infrastructure spending and reform of the two-tier health system. Photograph: Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters

SPD party suggests ‘co-operation’ coalition to support chancellor’s fourth term in office

Police attend site of an attack near a synagogue in Gothenburg, Sweden, on December 9th. Photograph: Adam Ihse/Reuters

Anti-Semitic chants in Berlin, Gothenburg and Vienna in wake of US Jerusalem decision

German chancellor Angela Merkel (right) in Berlin central station  after riding in the  driver’s cockpit of the new high-speed ICE train. Photograph:  EPA

Rail operator Deutsche Bahn optimistic new Berlin to Munich rail link will revolutionise travel in Germany

Revellers at the Love Parade in Duisburg on July 24th, 2010, at which 21 people died and 640  were injured in a  stampede. Photograph: Daniel Naupold

Six Duisburg city officials and four staff of organisers in court over mass stampede

A decade ago, Matthias Wissman became head of the VDA, the German auto industry’s lobby group, a high-profile position requiring guile, brass neck and an enviable contacts book. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Chief of auto industry lobby group VDA says German carmakers still well regarded abroad

Martin Schulz, leader of the Social Democrat Party (SPD), after delivering his speech during the SPD’s federal party convention in Berlin on Thursday. Photograph:  Krisztian Bocsi/Bloomberg

SPD leader urges closer EU integration and describes Ireland as ‘accomplice’ in Apple tax case

U2 busking on the U2 underground train line in Berlin. Photograph: U2/Instagram

Band performs 15-minute set on platform to promote new album ‘Songs of Experience’

Martin Schulz, leader of Germany’s social democrat SPD party. Photograph: Tobias Schwarz/AFP/Getty Images

Neither the SPD nor the CDU want to go back to voters for fear the AfD’s rise will accelerate

Poland’s prime minister Beata Szydlo greeting finance minister Mateusz Morawiecki, who is tipped to succeed her, in Warsaw on Tuesday. Photograph: Slawomir Kaminski/Agencja Gazeta

Mateusz Morawiecki, a one-time honorary Irish consul, favourite to succeed Beata Szydlo

 A man reaches for another participant as they dance in front of a giant European flag during the monthly pro-EU rally titled “Pulse of Europe” in Berlin. The citizens’ initiative was founded to encourage EU citizens to promote a “pan-European” identity. Photograph: Felipe Trueba/EPA

Women campaigning for European integration win prize

Bavarian finance minister Markus Söder (right, as Marilyn Monroe)  hopes to leverage his personal popularity in Bavaria to revive the CSU’s fortunes. Photograph: David Ebener/EPA

Bavarian allies may cause headache for Merkel after rise of dress-up fan Markus Söder

A sign in a shop owned by Jewish people in Berlin, Germany. Photograph: Visual Studies Workshop/Getty Images

Pascale Hugues proves that the best stories really are lying around on the streets

The Staatsoper under construction: The state opera house was supposed to reopen four years ago at a cost of €240 million. Instead it has taken twice as long and, at €400 million, has proven almost twice as expensive. Photograph: Gordon Welters

Destroyed and rebuilt three times in three centuries, the Staatsoper is a copy of a copy

A policeman with a fire extinguisher over his shoulder walks next to a police car in front of a Christmas market stall in Potsdam,  after it was evacuated by policeon Friday. Photograph: Felipe Turela/EPA

Police in Potsdam say ‘unconventional explosive device’ was incapable of exploding

Martin Schulz, German leader of the Social Democratic Party. Photograph: Kay Nietfeld/AFP/Getty Images

Leader Schulz adopts bad cop role and makes demands to win over party sceptics

The leader of the Social Democrats, Martin Schulz (right) arrives for talks with chancellor Angela Merkel, hosted by German president Frank-Walter Steinmeier, on left.  Photograph: Axel Schmidt/Reuters

Party leaders obliged to negotiate from unenviable position of weakness, not strength

US president Donald Trump’s Twitter accounts: communication link with his 43.5 million followers was temporarily suspended. Photograph: Andrew Harrer/Bloomberg

Bahtiyar Duysak says complaints process led to 11-minute stalling of US president account

Privacy activist Max Schrems , whose new project, noyb, is gathering funding via a Kickstarter-like platform until January. Photograph: Julien Warnand/EPA

Privacy activist is creating a non-profit organisation to fight for data protection

German  chancellor Angela Merkel and agriculture minister Christian Schmidt have been criticised for backing a five-year license for European use of the herbicide glyphosate. Photograph: AFP / John MacDougall

Approval of five-year licence for European use of glyphosate herbicide sparks divisions

 Two policewomen walk among stalls at the annual Christmas market on its opening day at Breitscheidplatz, a year after 11 people were killed in a terrorist attack. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty

Extra security measures underline unease lingering since December 2016 lorry killings

Acting German chancellor Angela Merkel speaks with Social Democratic Party leader Martin Schulz. Photograph: Axel Schmidt/Reuters

Challenges at home and in Europe make it ‘desirable to form government very quickly’

Martin Schulz: shift follows annoyance among senior SPD figures at his haste in pushing for fresh elections before considering other options. Photograph: Stefanie Loos/EPA

Two months after poll, there is cross-party agreement on the risks of another election

President Frank-Walter Steinmeier meets SPD leader Martin Schulz. Photograph: Jesco Denzel /Government’s Press Office

Martin Schulz holds talks with president as figures in party back grand coalition

Construction workers outside  Berlin Brandenburg International airport  in May 2016. A new report suggests that fire safety issues may delay its opening further. Photograph:  Krisztian Bocsi/Bloomberg via Getty Images

Project turned to farce by political interference, chaotic planning and sloppy building

Berlin’s Holocaust memorial, pictured prior to its official opening in 2005. Photograph: Fabrizio Bensch/AP

Political activists place installation next door to home of Alternative für Deutschland politician

Angela Merkel  of the Christian Democratic Union talks to the leader of the Social Democratic Party (SPD), Martin Schulz. Photograph: Christian Bruna

SPD faces dilemma in seeking fresh elections if grand coalition as likely after poll as now

cting finance minister Peter Altmaier told the German parliament Ireland had fulfilled all conditions of its EU/IMF programme and was part of a rescue “success story” that included Spain and Portugal.

Social Democratic Party opposes move which will save exchequer estimated €150m

Uncertain times: German chancellor Angela Merkel reflects at a CDU/CSU parliamentary group meeting at the Bundestag in Berlin. Photograph: Reuters/Axel Schmidt

German chancellor faces uncertain future after coalition talks collapse

German Chancellor Angela Merkel attends a meeting of the CDU/CSU parliamentary group at the Bundestag in Berlin, Germany. Photograph: Axel Schmidt/Reuters

Collapse of talks casts uncertainty over Chancellor Angela Merkel’s future in office

Merkel’s mistrust of Christian Lindner, above, as a gifted speaker with a populist streak only grew as the weeks passed. Photograph: Krisztian Bocsi/Bloomberg

The chancellor looks jaded from coalition talks and still has no clear path to power

Angela Merkel, standing with leading members of her party, speaks to the media after preliminary coalition talks collapsed on Sunday. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Liberal Free Democrats unexpectedly walk out of ‘chaotic’ talks with CDU and Greens

Rival operating systems: most people are too busy to look beyond Windows (left) and macOS (right), but Linux (centre) is worth making time for

Linux is everywhere – and will free your computer from corporate clutches

Shiv Malik is a journalist and former investigative reporter for the Guardian, a prominent voice across the British media on radicalism

British journalist Shiv Malik fails to address many of the troubling questions behind the ‘dangerous fraternisation’ between a rep(...)

Berlin deadlock: German chancellor Angela Merkel leaves the 15-hour marathon talks session on Friday morning. Photograph: Stefanie Loos/EPA

Despite the chancellor’s brave face, the mood in her inner circle is black

A Kuwait Airways Boeing 777-300ER. In its ruling the judge said transporting the Israeli citizen would have caused legal repercussions for the airline and the crew back in Kuwait, because of a state boycott of Israel. Photograph:  Yasser Al-Zayyat/AFP/Getty Images

Ruling that man could not be discriminated against because of nationality causes outrage

Germany’s Social Democratic Party is pressing for the German parliament, the Bundestag (above), to block Ireland’s plans for an early repayment of bailout loans totalling €5.5 billion. Photograph: Hannibal Hanschke/Reuters

Social Democratic Party pushing for Bundestag to block Ireland’s early repayment plan on loans worth €5.5 billion

German chancellor Angela Merkel: only if the exploratory talks end in a successful engagement will proper coalition talks begin. Photograph: AFP / DPA / Michael Kappeler

Time and options are running out for the German chancellor to ensure the so-called Jamaica alliance has a chance

No one knows who puts the mincemeat near the train tracks at Berghausen, mostly on Mondays near the fence, and no one knows what it means. Photograph: istock

Raw mince deposits near the train tracks in Berghausen have stumped police and locals

German Federal Security Council has approved the controversial delivery of two patrol boats to Saudi Arabia in January 2017. Photograph: Jens Koehler/EPA

Opposition party accuses government of prioritising money over strategic priorities

A surveillance camera photo from the State Criminal Police of Lower Saxony  shows masked perpetrators, suspected to be RAF members, during a robbery in Hildesheim, Germany, taken on May 7th, 2016.  File photograph:  Police handout/EPA

Three are last members of notorious left-wing terror group, still living undercover

Max Schrems: the Austrian activist’s Facebook case has its origins in a 2011 complaint he filed to the Data Protection Commissioner in Dublin.

Final ECJ ruling in case taken by Austrian lawyer to be given at later date

Coplaintiff lawyers want the 27 attempted manslaughter charges being heard in the commercial court to be upgraded to an attempted murder trial

In recent months five former customers of the accused’s pharmacy business have died

Polish nationalists carry a flag with the message “Death to the enemies of the homeland” as they take part in the march for Polish Independence Day in Warsaw. Photograph: Bartlomie J Zborowski/EPA

Israel alarmed by march and urges Polish government to react

An open-pit lignite mine near Drebkau in Lusatia, Germany. Photograph: Seán Gallup/Getty

Plan to cut Germany’s CO2 emissions goes astray as reliance on ‘brown coal’ continues

A police officer on duty in the German capital. Berlin police chief Klaus Kandt has dismissed allegations of gang infiltration as “patently” false and unfounded. Photograph: Alexander Becher/EPA

German capital’s law force riven by claims of racism and gang informer infiltration

Niels Hoegel: before his second trial the nurse told a forensic investigator he was “addicted to this feeling of having done something good, a feeling that sometimes lasted days”. Carmen Jaspersen/AFP/Getty Images

Tally would make Niels Högel (40) the most prolific serial killer in Europe

Russian historian Pavel Polian has reconstructed 90 per cent of Marcel Nadjari’s eye-witness report from inside the Nazi extermination machine.

Marcel Nadjari who died in 1971 secreted in flask his eye-witness account of mass murder

Vanja, an intersex person  registered as a female: Vanja’s case in the German courts has resulted in a  ruling to have the intersex gender recognised. Photograph: Peter Steffen/AFP/Getty Images

Constitutional court rules 80,000 intersex people in Germany can register their gender

Angela Merkel in reflective pose: she may find her conservative allies to be her greatest headache whenever a government is formed. John Mac Dougall/AFP/Getty Images

Greatest wild card for chancellor may now be the CSU, her long-term Bavarian sister party

Matthias Mueller, chief executive of Volkswagen: over 15,000 German diesel owners are hoping for a €250m payout after joining class action lawsuit. Photograph: Thomas Kienzle/AFP/Getty Images

Cases separate to €9bn compensation claim by shareholders over car diesel manipulation

A sculpture of Auguste Rodin at the Gurlitt exhibition,  in Bonn, Germany, this week. Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP Photo

Notorious Gurlitt art collection includes lost works by Renoir, Cézanne and Monet

Gazal (17) a refugee from Syria, sits down to  lunch that her classmates prepared during their extra-curricular German-language programme at a Berlin school on Thursday. Photograph:  Sean Gallup/Getty Images

More than 30,000 people refused asylum have reportedly vanished and are likely to be living illegally

German chancellor Angela Merkel at  Martin Luther’s grave at the Castle Church in Wittenberg: “Whoever values diversity has to practise tolerance, that is the historical experience of our continent,” she said. Photograph: Hannibal Hanschke/Reuters

500 years after Martin Luther nailed up his theses, he may be seen as father of austerity

Sebastian Kurz, the 31-year-old leader of the Austrian People’s Party, is likely to be the next chancellor. Photograph: EPA/Christian Bruna

Sebastian Kurz hoping for a swift agreement on a programme for government

The 48-year-old Belfast man was extradited from the Republic of Ireland last December to face charges.

James Anthony Oliver Corry convicted over 1996 attack on British army barracks in Osnabrueck

Outgoing finance minister Wolfgang Schäuble goes to take his place after he was elected president of the Bundestag on Tuesday.  Photograph: Odd Andersen/AFP/Getty Images

Crowded and lively German parliament sits for first time since election in September

Angela Merkel: Her previously unquestioned leadership is now under fire. Photograph: Omer Messinger

German chancellor looks to untested alliance with Greens and Free Democrats

 Sebastian Kurz arrives for a TV discussion, in Vienna, Austria. Photograph: Leonhard Foeger/Reuters

Sebastian Kurz continues to polarise as he looks set to become the next Austrian leader

German chancellor Angela Merkel gestures during an EU  summit in Tallinn, Estonia. Photograph: Ilmars Znotins/AFP/Getty Images

Angela Merkel insists she has options, but her party’s match has already been made

Former Hypo Real Estate chief executive Georg Funke, pictured in a Munich court in March 2017. The case was settled today. Photograph: Christof Stache / AFP

German prosecutors drop fraud charges against ex-managers of bailed-out lender

Wolfgang Schäuble, who departs  the German finance ministry after eight years to become the next Bundestag president. Photograph: Axel Schmidt/Reuters

Veteran politician takes over as Bundestag president at critical juncture in parliament’s history

Alice Weidel and Alexander Gauland, newly elected parliamentary party leaders of the far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD), make a statement after a first meeting of the  parliamentary group at the Marie-Elisabeth-Lüders-Haus parliamentary building in Berlin on September 26th, 2017. Photograph: Steffi Loos/AFP/Getty Images

Co-leader Frauke Petry says is quitting in protest at extremist language in far-right party

Frauke Petry, a leading member of the right-wing Alternative for Germany (AfD), who is leaving the party. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Officials of far-right party order leader Frauke Petry to leave over rhetorical differences

German chancellor Angela Merkel of the Christian Democratic Union at a press conference in Berlin. Photograph: Christian Bruna/EPA

German chancellor refuses to rule out SPD coalition amid fallout from general election

 German chancellor Angela Merkel: the AfD is now her biggest challenge. Photograph: Reuters/Kai Pfaffenbach

Afd’s breakthrough as the third-largest party lay in activating 1.47 million non-voters

Frauke Petry, chairwoman of the anti-immigration party Alternative für Deutschland (AfD) speaks as she leaves a news conference in Berlin, Germany. Photograph: Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters

AfD scored 12.6 per cent in Sunday’s election, coming third behind Merkel’s CPD

In An Post’s ad, man stands on an Irish headland and stares west at the Manhattan skyline, mulling the world of potential on the far side of the Atlantic.

Brexit has given Ireland a chance to reshape relationships with EU partners

German chancellor and CDU party leader Angela Merkel addresses supporters. Photograph: Odd Andersen/AFP/Getty Images

Germans have turned away from chancellor, her centrist CDU and her open-door policy

Film-maker Volker Schlöndorff with writer Colm Tóibín. Photograph: Franziska Strauss

The film director, a friend and confidant of the chancellor, describes her as ‘authentic’

Demonstrators protest against the anti-immigration party Alternative für Deutschland (AfD) after German general election in Berlin. Photograph: Christian Mang/Reuters

The anti-immigration party, now Germany’s third-largest, is broadening its scope

Opponents of  AfD  protest  on Berlin’s Alexanderplatz after the far-right party secured 13 per cent of the vote. Photograph: Jens Schlueter/Getty Images

AfD gain will pose a challenge to Merkel as she seeks to form three-way coalition

Christian Democratic Union party leader and German Chancellor Angela Merkel reacts on first exit polls in the German general election in Berlin. Photograph: Kai Pfaffenbach/Reuters

Far-right party enters parliament for the first time in over 50 years

Getting boomier: Mayo firm Cannon & Cannon’s  Number 1 Charlottenburg in Berlin where    prices start at around €250,000, almost eight times the average German gross salary of €33,000

Mayo firm adapts plans for Berlin complex amid heated election debate on housing

A defaced election campaign poster of the CDU party in Cologne. Chancellor Angela Merkel offered voters her tried and trusted “lot done, more to do” campaign. . Photograph: Wolfgang Rattay/Reuters

The country’s general election is a referendum: more Merkel or no more Merkel

German chancellor Angela Merkel at a  final election rally in Munich. She was heckled by  hundreds of far-right Alternative für Deutschland (AfD) protesters. Photograph:  Reuters

After three terms in office, polls suggest CDU leader is on course for fourth term

 A billboard showing German Chancellor and Christian Democrat leader  Angela Merkel and the numbers 24.9,  the date of upcoming German federal elections,  in Hermsdorf, Germany. File photograph: Jens Schlueter/Getty Images

Election of rightist Bundestag majority would be latest pushback against legacy of 1968

Parliamentary group leader of left-wing party Die Linke and top candidate for the upcoming general elections, Sahra Wagenknecht, speaks in Berlin district of Lichtenberg. Photograph: Clemens Bilan

Voters aware left has neither will nor mass to do deal and oust Angela Merkel

Angela Merkel, Jean-Claude Juncker and Wolfgang Schäuble at a  reception to mark Schäuble’s 75th birthday. Photograph: Reuters/Kai Pfaffenbach

Price paid by Merkel for coalition may see the flinty politician sidelined in favour of FDP candidate

A former store in Berlin that was redesigned to feature interactive spaces that present the CDU’s election campaign programme for the general elections. Photograph: Carsten Koall/EPA

Irish-style door-to-door canvassing has been enhanced with specialised apps to win votes

A supporter of the Pegida movement and German right-wing populist party Alternative for Germany holds a banner against   Angela Merkel, in Dresden, on Monday. Photograph: Filip Singer/EPA

Party speakers say Merkel administration has ‘blood on its hands’ over its refugee policy

Martin Schulz, chancellor candidate of the German Social Democratic party (SPD): mood has changed since March as  voters are likely to reject the 61-year-old, his party and manifesto as credible agents of change. Photograph: Steffi Loos/AFP/Getty Images

German election: Enshrouded in working-class myth, the SPD leader is destined for opposition

German election: a poster of Angela Merkel is pasted up in Berlin. Photograph: Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters

Erdogan urges voters to boycott Merkel’s party as ‘enemy of Turkey’

 A symbiotic relationship: the German chancellor Angela Merkel  with  her publicity-shy office manager Beate Baumann.   Photograph:  EPA/Alexander Becher

The chancellor and her loyal political team are on course for victory at next Sunday’s federal election

German Social Democrat (SPD) and chancellor candidate Martin Schulz during an election campaign stop  in Munich this week. Photograph: Joerg Koch/Getty Images

Schulz facing humiliation as latest poll puts Social Democratic Party on just 20%

Alternative für Deutschland: Alexander Gauland speaks in Frankfurt on Oder. Photograph: Odd Andersen/AFP/Getty

Alternative für Deutschland aims to cement its rise by entering the parliament

FDP leader Christian Lindner has framed his party’s return for its pro-business voters as a successful reflotation. Photograph: David Hecker/EPA

Image-obsessed FDP hopes to win back enough support to be coalition kingmaker

Angela Merkel: After 12 years in power,  the German chancellor knows that major reform of how the EU  operates will be a slow  affair. Photograph: Kay Nietfeld/AFP/Getty Images

We will eventually have to show our hand when the push for EU reforms gathers pace

Frank Schneemelcher in his Quedlinburg workshop. Photograph: Derek Scally

Quedlinburg’s restoration has brought tourists and business, but many challenges remain

Protesters and hecklers chant “Merkel must go” at the edge of an election campaign stop in Finsterwalde. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

‘Disappointed love’ and immigration fears are causing unrest in chancellor’s heartland

Syrian couple and dentists Ayham and Farah Kodmany in their new home of Goslar, Germany: “When you’ve lost your homeland, it’s all the same whether you’re in Goslar or Göttingen, once it’s peaceful,” says Ayham.

Lower Saxon city embraces asylum seekers as it counters low birth rate and brain drain

The Chancellery, Berlin. Germany is to hold federal elections on September 24th. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Germany faces up to the threat of targeted cyberattacks ahead of September’s federal vote

A man tries a set of virtual reality goggles at the Philips stand at the IFA tech fair in Berlin. Photograph: Felipe Trueba/EPA

Windows Mixed Reality and high-tech oven among innovations at veteran trade show

German Chancellor Angela Merkel talks to foreign minister Sigmar Gabriel in the German Bundestag in Berlin. Photograph: Clemens Bilan/EPA

In the Bundestag, opposition politicians released four years of frustration with Merkel

The number of people visiting food banks has spiked in the 15 years since Germany introduced radical economic and welfare reforms. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

‘You hear that our state coffers are well-filled but it’s depressing how empty my fridge is’

  German chancellor Angela Merkel and  SPD candidate  Martin Schulz:  up to half of German voters are still undecided who to vote for on September 24th. Photograph: Reuters

Chancellor aims to reassure voters over looming diesel bans in German cities

 Martin Schulz, leader of Germany’s SPD  party and German chancellor Angela Merkel during a televised debate in Berlin. Photograph: AFP/MG RTL D

Chancellor defends record on Turkey and migration as Germany prepares for election

German chancellor Angela Merkel: the secret to her survival early on – eliminating her rivals – has turned on her now. Photograph: Getty Images

As German election nears, shadows are falling over the chancellor’s looming victory

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