Mandela buried in ancestral home in South Africa
Former president recalled as an exceptional leader, writes Peter Murtagh in Qunu
South Africa’s president Jacob Zuma (2nd l), the ex-wife of former South African President Nelson Mandela, Winnie Mandela (l), and the widow of Mandela, Graca Machel (3rd l), sit by the coffin of Mr Mandela during his funeral ceremony in Qunu. Photograph: Odd Andersen/Reuters/Pool
Winnie Mandela (l), ex-wife of former South African president Nelson Mandela, and Graca Machel, Mr Mandela’s widow, attend the funeral ceremony in Qunu. Photograph: Odd Andersen/Reuters
A handout photograph made available by the South African Government Communication and Information System (GCIS) shows members of the South African military with the coffin of Nelson Mandela on a gun carraige as it arrives at the State funeral in Qunu, Eastern Cape. Photograph: EPA/Elmond - Jiyane/GCIS
Nelson Mandela was remembered at his funeral today as an exceptional leader who brought his people to freedom and earned the admiration of the world.
With the full panoply of pomp and circumstance befitting the funeral of a great and much loved nation and international leader, Mr Mandela’s body was brought from his house on a gun carriage, led by a military band in bright red dress uniform and a guard of honour of the South African defence forces. It was flanked by senior officers.
Brought into a giant dome marquee above his home, the coffin draped in the South African national flag was placed before some 4,500 dignitaries, members of the Mandela family and the South African government.
In a moving oration, his former fellow prisoner on Robben Island, Ahmed Kathrada, said he has lost a brother.
“My life is in a void and I don’t know who to turn to,” said Mr Kathrada who served 26 years with Mr Mandela.
He spoke of Mr Mandela’s fitness and his exercise routine and of how, when he last saw him in hospital, he was a shadow of his former self. But, he said, South Africa had been blessed to have had him and takes enormous pride in his achievements.
The funeral closes one chapter in its tortured history and opens another in which the multi-racial democracy he founded will have to discover if it can thrive without its central pillar.
The Nobel peace laureate, who was held in apartheid prisons for 27 years before emerging to preach forgiveness and reconciliation, was honoured with a mixture of military pomp and the traditional rites of his Xhosa abaThembu clan.
The funeral at Qunu in Eastern Cape province drew 4,500 guests, from relatives and African leaders to Britain’s Prince Charles, American civil rights activist Reverend Jesse Jackson and talk show host Oprah Winfrey.
Sinn Féin president Gerry Adams is also attending.
Video: Nelson Mandela funeral farewell in Qunu
“The person who is lying here is South Africa’s greatest son,” Cyril Ramaphosa, deputy leader of the ruling African National Congress and one of the masters of ceremonies, said at the service in a huge tent, its interior draped in black. As
Mr Mandela’s coffin, covered by the South African flag, was borne from his homestead on a gun-carriage, a battery of cannons positioned on the hillside fired a 21-gun salute, sending booms echoing across the sun-drenched valley. The coffin was followed into the tent by
Mr Mandela’s grandson and heir, Mandla, and South African President Jacob Zuma. It was then placed on black and white Nguni cattle skins in front of a crescent of 95 candles, one for each year of Mr Mandela’s life, as the service opened with Nkosi Sikelel’ iAfrika, the national anthem adopted after the end of apartheid in 1994.
Mr Mandela died in Johannesburg on December 5th, plunging his 53 million countrymen and women and millions more around the world into mourning, and triggering more than a week of official memorials to South Africa’s first black president.
“It is the end of 95 glorious years of a freedom fighter, a dedicated and humble servant of the people of South Africa, ” Mr Zuma said in his eulogy at the funeral ceremony.
“Whilst the long walk to freedom has ended in the physical sense, our own journey continues. We have to continue building the type of society you worked tirelessly to construct. We have to take the legacy forward,” he said. Over 100,000 people had paid their respects in person at
Mr Mandela’s lying in state at the Union Buildings in Pretoria, where he had been inaugurated as president, an event that brought the curtain down on more than three centuries of white domination.
When his body arrived on Saturday at his ancestral home in Qunu, 700 km (450 miles) south of Johannesburg, it was greeted by ululating locals overjoyed that Madiba, the clan name by which he was affectionately known, had “come home”. “After his long life and illness he can now rest,” said grandmother Victoria Ntsingo, as military helicopters escorting the funeral cortege clattered overhead. “His work is done.”
Across the nation, people watched on television or listened to the radio. In some locations, big screens transmitted the event live.
“Qunu is too far to go, so I gathered with some people here so we can mourn together. I can say he is a hero, a man of the people,” said 29-year-old Message Sibanda, among about 100 others watching in Johannesburg’s Sandton financial district.
At the service, friends, family and African leaders paid moving tributes to the father of the Rainbow Nation.
“We may be drowned in sorrow and grief but we must be proud and grateful that after the long walk paved with obstacles and suffering we can salute you as a fighter for freedom,” said lifelong friend and fellow Robben Island inmate Ahmed Kathrada. “Farewell my dear brother, my mentor, my leader,” he said, his voice cracking with emotion, and drawing tears from many mourners. Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn gave thanks for
Mandela’s contribution to Africa’s liberation struggles. “Madiba’s life was the mirror of the continent, for the liberation of which he so relentlessly fought. Africa is forever indebted to him for that,” he said.
Mr Mandela served just one term as leader of Africa’s biggest and most sophisticated economy, and formally withdrew from public life in 2004, famously telling reporters at the end of a farewell news conference: “Don’t call me, I’ll call you.”
His last appearance in public was at the 2010 World Cup final in Johannesburg’s Soccer City stadium, waving to fans from the back of a golf cart.
Yet such was his influence as the architect two decades ago of the historic reconciliation between blacks and whites that his passing has left a gaping hole in the heart of South Africa.
With an eye on elections in five months, the ruling African National Congress (ANC), the 101-year-old former liberation movement Mr Mandela once led, has seized on his death as a chance to shore up popularity that is ebbing even in its black support base.
The strategy has not been without its risks, not least because it has highlighted the gulf in stature between Mr Mandela and the scandal-plagued Mr Zuma. It backfired spectacularly at a mass Mandela memorial at Soccer City on Tuesday when Mr Zuma, under fire for a $21 million security upgrade to his private home, was booed and jeered in front of world leaders including US president Barack Obama.
Additional reporting: Reuters