Anglo loan letters an ‘error of judgment’

Correspondence reduced conditions of borrowings by businessmen to buy shares

Former Anglo director Willie McAteer has pleaded not  guilty to providing unlawful financial assistance to 16 individuals in July 2008 to buy shares in Anglo Irish bank. Photograph: Collins Courts.

Former Anglo director Willie McAteer has pleaded not guilty to providing unlawful financial assistance to 16 individuals in July 2008 to buy shares in Anglo Irish bank. Photograph: Collins Courts.


Letters that reduced the conditions of loans taken out by businessmen to buy shares in Anglo Irish Bank were sent in “an error of judgment”, the trial of three former directors of the bank heard yesterday.

An internal Anglo report by Pat Whelan, then head of the bank’s lending in Ireland, written over the Christmas of 2008, also said some decisions made by the bank at the time were “unwise” in hindsight, but were done to keep the bank alive at a time when it seemed to be “under attack from all sides”.

Extracts from the report, “Review of Quinn Group and Related Transactions”, were read into the record by Úna Ní Raifeartaigh SC, prosecuting, and Det Sgt Brian Mahon at the Dublin Circuit Criminal Court yesterday.

In the report, Mr Whelan said he and then chief executive David Drumm felt very strongly that they had asked clients, known as the Maple 10, to support the bank at a very difficult time and “their support for the bank had put them at risk”.

The Maple 10 had bought shares in Anglo using loans from the bank as part of a deal to unwind businessman Seán Quinn’s holding in it in July 2008. The value of the shares had increased following the transaction, but then reduced considerably.

The initial loan facility letters to the Maple 10 included recourse terms of 25 per cent, meaning that the bank could pursue the borrowers personally for a quarter of any outstanding balance. But in late 2008, new loan facility letters were drawn up which effectively meant there would be no personal recourse.

“Having discussed the matter with David, he agreed that the bank had a duty to protect these clients and it was agreed that the clients needed some form of bargaining position to allow them buy time in repaying,” Mr Whelan said in his report.

Drumm’s ‘concept’
Under questioning by gardaí in April 2010, Mr Whelan said the idea of new loan facility letters for the Maple 10 was Mr Drumm’s “concept”. Asked if he was concerned, he said “you don’t question” the

chief executive. He also said he assumed the matter would come up for discussion later and they could debate it.

Seán FitzPatrick (65) of Greystones, Co Wicklow, William McAteer (63) of Rathgar, Dublin and Mr Whelan (51) of Malahide, Dublin, have been charged with 16 counts of providing unlawful financial assistance to 16 individuals in July 2008 to buy shares in the bank, contrary to section 60 of the Companies Act.

Mr Whelan has also been charged with being privy to the fraudulent alteration of loan facility letters to seven individuals.

The three men have pleaded not guilty to the charges.

Mr Whelan’s report said the new loan facility letters with reduced terms were to be kept on file for the clients and not sent out, but they were posted “due to a clerical error” to six of the clients. They were returned signed and only one of the clients noticed the change.

“On reflection, the concept of these protection letters was an error of judgment and they should not have been issued,” said Mr Whelan in his report.

Despite Mr Drumm’s approval as chief executive, “they should have been brought to the board’s attention”.

In the summary to his report, Mr Whelan said several decisions were made “during this difficult period which were required to keep the bank alive” and “with the benefit of hindsight”they “appear unwise”. These included continuing to extend facilities to Mr Quinn and involving the Maple 10 in the unwind deal.

Mr Whelan said he believed all decisions were made “in the best interests of the bank, our shareholders, depositors and our clients in a period which felt like we were under attack on all fronts”.

Whelan shocked

Sgt Brian Mahon told the court he questioned Mr Whelan about the contents of the report in April 2010.

Mr Whelan told him he thought the letters were unusual but understood the board was to be told about them. When he heard they had been sent in error he was shocked and concerned they had gone out “without proper authorisation and . . . debate”.

Mr Whelan also said after Mr Drumm resigned from Anglo at the end of 2008, acting chairman Donal O’Connor was told about the additional facility letters.

It was then decided to contact the clients and make them aware of the situation and the 25 per cent recourse was reinstated. In the evidence of interviews read to the court, Mr Whelan denied allegations put to him by Det Sgt Mahon that there had been a breach of the Companies Act when the loans were issued.

He said he understood they could make the loans under the Act “in the normal course of business”. He also said the financial regulator had been aware and involved in the deal and had raised no concerns.

Mr McAteer was interviewed by gardaí­ on March 24th, 2010. He told investigators that he had limited involvement in the Maple 10 deal but that he didn’t have an issue with the bank lending for the purchase of its own shares.

He said he knew the Maple 10 were receiving loans from Anglo at 25 per cent recourse but that he was not aware Anglo was also funding the Quinn children’s purchase of the shares.

The case continues.