UK vote: Tories’ majority win confounds forecasts
Leaders of Labour, Lib Dems and Ukip resign as Cameron secures a second term as PM
British prime minister David Cameron won a stunning election victory on Friday, confounding forecasts that the vote would be the closest in decades and winning a clear majority that left his Labour opponents in tatters.
The sterling currency, bonds and shares surged on a result that reversed near-universal expectations of an inconclusive “hung parliament”, in which Mr Cameron would have had to jockey for power with Labour rival Ed Miliband.
Instead, Mr Cameron met Queen Elizabeth at Buckingham Palace to accept a mandate to form the first majority Conservative government since John Major’s surprise victory in 1992.
Despite the unexpectedly decisive outcome, longer-term uncertainty looms over whether Britain will stay in the European Union - and even hold together as a country.
Secessionists swept the board in Scotland, and Mr Cameron repeated a promise to hold a referendum on membership in the EU.
The scale of Mr Cameron’s victory surpassed even his party’s most optimistic projections.
“This is the sweetest victory of all,” Mr Cameron told enthusiastic supporters at party headquarters. “The real reason to celebrate tonight, the real reason to be proud, the real reason to be excited is we are going to get the opportunity to serve our country again.”
Smiling beside his wife Samantha, Mr Cameron returned to the prime minister’s office in Downing Street after meeting the queen. Staff lined up to applaud when he entered the residence.
Mr Cameron’s pitch to voters was that he had rescued Britain from economic crisis to deliver the fastest growth among major economies. He had warned that Labour’s Mr Miliband would cripple the United Kingdom by giving Scottish nationalists the keys to England’s treasure.
In early appointments to his cabinet, he retained George Osborne as finance minister, sticking with the man credited with overseeing recovery from the economic crash.
Mr Miliband, a self-confessed socialist “geek”, had argued that the recovery was benefiting the rich and most people were still worse off. But he failed to connect with working class voters or convince the public he could be trusted with the world’s fifth largest economy. He phoned Mr Cameron to concede and then resigned as party leader.
With all results declared in the 650-seat house, the Conservatives held 331 and Labour 232.
The centre-left Liberal Democrats, who supported Mr Cameron in government since 2010, were all but wiped out, reduced to eight seats from 57.
Scottish nationalists won 56 of the 59 Scottish seats, up from just six five years ago.
The anti-EU, populist Ukip surged into third place in the overall vote tally, but disappointed its followers by managing to place first in only one district to win just a single seat.
Mr Cameron’s victory means Britain will face a vote which he has promised on continued membership of the EU.
He says he wants to stay in the bloc, but only if he can renegotiate Britain’s relationship with Brussels.
Jean-Claude Juncker, president of the EU’s executive commission, congratulated Mr Cameron on his victory. The commission would examine any British proposal “in a polite, friendly and objective way”, a commission spokesman said.
In Scotland, the extraordinary scale of the nationalist landslide victory reopened the question of the future of the United Kingdom less than a year after Scots voted in a referendum to remain inside it.
Scotland will send just three representatives of traditional British parties to the UK parliament in London, and its dominant nationalists will be locked out of the British cabinet - arguments separatists could use to seek a new vote to leave.
Mr Cameron sounded a conciliatory note towards Scotland, likely to be his first immediate headache, promising further devolution of powers to the Scottish government.
“In Scotland, our plans are to create the strongest devolved government anywhere in the world with important powers over taxation and no constitutional settlement will be complete if it did not offer also fairness to England, ” Mr Cameron (48), said.
Alex Salmond, the former leader of the Scottish nationalists, now elected to represent them in parliament in London, called the SNP’s victory an “electoral tsunami”.
Scottish politicians elected to parliament in London have held major cabinet posts, which could now be impossible with nearly all Scottish seats in nationalist hands.
In a blow to Labour that set the pattern for the night, Douglas Alexander, the party’s campaign chief and foreign policy spokesman, lost his seat to a 20-year-old Scottish nationalist student, the youngest member of the House of Commons since 1667.
Labour also faced traumatic losses in England. Ed Balls, in line to be finance minister if Labour had won, lost his seat. He fought back tears as he expressed sorrow at Labour’s defeat.
Mr Miliband, an Oxford-educated son of a Marxist intellectual, never quite connected with working-class voters or cast off Labour’s reputation for profligacy.
He ran a campaign widely seen as better than expected, but was always far behind Mr Cameron in polls asking voters who they saw as a more credible leader.
“Britain needs a Labour Party that can rebuild after this defeat so we can have a government that stands up for working people again,” he said as he announced his resignation.
“Now it’s time for someone else to take forward the leadership of this party.”
The Liberal Democrats were punished for Mr Clegg’s decision to join Mr Cameron in government five years ago, which meant abandoning campaign pledges and which party members considered treachery. Two thirds of the party’s voters deserted it.
“It is simply heartbreaking,” Mr Clegg said of the losses. “Clearly the results have been immeasurably more crushing and unkind than I could ever have feared.”
Ukip’s surge into third place in the overall vote tally mirrored the rise of similar populist, anti-immigrant groups elsewhere in Europe.
It racked up dozens of second place finishes across the country, picking up votes from both Labour and the Conservatives, but it failed to yield a strong presence in parliament under Britain’s system in which candidates must place first in districts to win seats.
Its leader Nigel Farage, a former commodities trader credited with making a fringe party into a major force, resigned over his failure to win a seat for himself, but said he might seek the party leadership again later this year.
One other loser is the opinion polling industry, which is likely to face an inquest over its failure to predict the outcome.
Before the election, virtually all opinion polls had shown the Conservatives and Labour neck-and-neck.
Northern Ireland - full results There were two surprise wins in Northern Ireland for the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP).
The most significant victory came in Fermanagh South Tyrone where it took the seat formerly held by Bobby Sands from Sinn Féin. Michelle Gildernew had held it since 2001 but former UUP leader Tom Elliott claimed it shortly before 5.30am.
In South Antrim, the UUP took the seat held by the DUP for the last decade. It was neck and neck throughout the count but in the end Danny Kinahan took it from William McCrea in what is one of the big upsets of the night.
There was better news for the DUP in Belfast East where it won back the seat party leader Peter Robinson sensationally lost to Naomi Long in 2010.
Gavin Robinson took 49 per cent of the vote, while Ms Long came in with just 43 per cent.
With all 18 seats in Northern Ireland now filled, the DUP has eight, Sinn Féin four, the SDLP three, the UUP has two with one Independent unionist elected.
Jeffrey Donaldson predictably held Lagan Valley, Ian Paisley jnr was returned in North Antrim while David Simpson of retained his seat in the Upper Bann. In East Antrim the DUP’s Sammy Wilson was returned.
The SDLP’s Mark Durkan held the Foyle constituency and Sinn Féin’s Pat Doherty topped the poll in West Tyrone.
The Scottish National Party had a spectacularly successful night that will likely have a significant impact on the shape of British politics. Nicola Sturgeon’s party won 56 seats, an increase of 50. The swing towards the nationalists was as high as 35 per cent in some constituencies. Labour retained just one of its seats in Scotland.
In her first comments this morning, Ms Sturgeon said the results were “historic” and that she was “immensely proud” of her party’s candidates.
“I think the results we may be about to see unfold in Scotland tonight show that the anti-austerity message that the SNP put at the heart of this campaign has resonated across Scotland,” she said.