EU commissioner for justice, consumers and gender equality Vera Jourová: ‘We are in the crunch time now.’ Photograph: Getty

Mounting attention on record regarding Big Tech as commission says ‘change’ required

ECJ advocate general Manuel Campos Sánchez-Bordona advised that the judges should dismiss objections by Hungary and Poland to the new rule-of-law tool. Photograph: Getty Images

Development nudges EU closer to being able to cut off flow of funds to wayward states

Medical staff push a trolley bed carrying the body of a deceased Covid-19   patient in   the intensive care unit of Lozenets hospital in Sofia, Bulgaria: just 27 per cent of the country’s total population has been fully vaccinated.  Photograph: Nikolay Doychinov/AFP

Europe Letter: Disinformation on social media fuels vaccine sceptic movement

 President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen: ‘I think it is understandable and appropriate to lead this discussion now.’ Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

Von der Leyen comments as signs Germany to join Austria in move towards obligatory jabs

Britain’s chief Brexit negotiator David Frost: ‘The gap between our positions is still significant and we are ready to use Article 16 to protect the Belfast Agreement if other solutions cannot be found.’ File photograph: Geert Vanden Wijngaert/AP Photo

Frost warns British government is still prepared to resort to using Article 16

A decision on a travel ban is likely to be made later today, according to Minister for Foreign Affairs Simon Coveney.

US set to join other nations and introduce travel restrictions as Omicron ‘outperforms’ Delta in South Africa

Platforms such as Facebook would have to openly label political advertising, identify its sponsor, and provide data to users including why they were targeted. Photograph: iStock

New proposals would see platforms having to openly label political advertising

Ireland is first among the 27 countries with 93 per cent vaccination coverage, according to new data. Photograph: iStock

EU’s Covid-19 certificate is expected to be adjusted so it can display booster shots

Protesters face riot police during a protest against coronavirus restrictions in Brussels, Belgium on Sunday. Photograph: Stephanie Lecocq/EPA

Authorities grapple with soaring infections and protests as hospitals come under pressure

European Commission vice-president Maros Sefcovic warned that the use of Article 16 by the British government would affect the overall trade agreement with the UK. Photograph: John Thys/EPA/Pool

European Commission vice president met with UK’s David Frost on Friday

Mobile phone data played an important role in securing Graham Dwyer’s conviction. Photograph: Cyril Byrne

Graham Dwyer was convicted in 2015 for murder of childcare worker Elaine O’Hara

Seán Binder, from Castlegregory, Co Kerry: on trial in Greece after being arrested while working on Lesbos to help refugees.

Europe Letter: Search and rescue worker Seán Binder gets caught in geopolitics of migration

A Belarusian state handout photograph of a migrant at the Belarusian-Polish border crossing. Photograph via EPA

Tensions rise at border as guards use water cannons against restive crowds

Simon Coveney: ‘There’s a real opportunity to try to make some progress on medicines this week, and then use that as a basis to build trust to try to solve other issues.’ Photograph: Tom Honan

EU to offer proposals on medicines to allay supply concerns in the North, Minister says

Across Europe, governments are choosing to tighten rules for those who have not been vaccinated against Covid-19 in a bid to avoid blanket lockdowns as a new wave of infections fills hospitals.   Photograph: iStock

Vaccination strategies and return-to-office policies vary greatly from country to country

 A wild boar wanders in Rome. Rubbish bins have been a magnet for the families of boars who emerge from the extensive parks surrounding the city. Photograph: Alberto Pizzoli/AFP via Getty Images

Rubbish crisis has seen rise of dirty politics and downfall of anti-establishment mayor

Linda Laura Sabbadini: “The problem is that the number of women in decision-making roles is low. This cuts across society, not just politics.” Photograph: Stefano Montesi-Corbis/Corbis via Getty

Europe Letter: Statistician Sabbadini pioneered measurement of gender inequality

Tánaiste Leo Varadkar says planning for potential no-deal Brexit would now restart. Photograph: Julian Behal/ PA

Dublin and Brussels officials fear move could result in trade war between sides

US whistleblower and former Facebook engineer Frances Haugen gives a testimony on the negative impact of big tech companies products on users, at the European Parliament in Brussels on Monday. Photograph John Thys/AFP

Frances Haugen calls for centralised European regulation of technology companies

Mario Draghi’s supporters  say, as a technocrat who has not and will not compete in elections, he can make difficult decisions that will pay off in the long term. Photograph: Alessia Pierdomenico/ Bloomberg

Prime minister has months to turn around Europe’s long-stagnant third economy

European Commission vice-president Maros Sefcovic following a meeting with Britain’s chief Brexit negotiator David Frost. Photograph: Getty

Engagements with Britain over Northern Ireland proposals ‘disappointing ’ – Sefcovic

UK Brexit minister  David Frost speaks with the media outside EU headquarters in Brussels on Friday. Photograph: Virginia Mayo/AP

Maros Sefcovic describes latest talks with David Frost as ‘disappointing’

A typical Roman and Jewish restaurant in  Rome: Many Roman-Jewish recipes have humble origins, making creative use of cheap staples, pulses and offcuts of meat. Photograph: Getty Images

Europe Letter: Kosher restaurant quarter a thriving testament to 22-century-old history

Young women in Krakow, Poland hold banners reading ‘Not one more’ during a protest after a 30-year-old woman died of septic shock in her 22nd week of pregnancy. Photograph:  Beata Zawrzel/NurPhoto via Getty Images

Lawyer for the family of ‘Izabela’ likens death of 30-year-old to Savita Halappanavar case

Agriculture is the world’s largest source of the polluting gas particularly associated with the beef sector, which is some 80 times more potent than carbon dioxide, according to the International Energy Agency. File photograph: Getty

Gas linked with beef industry in focus as leaders declare climate ambitions ahead of Cop26

The EU is optimistic that the tariffs would not return as long as US president Joe Biden is in office.  Photograph: Friedemann Vogel/EPA

Deal lauded as reset in relations under Biden administration that will boost trade

Italian prime minister Mario Draghi with US president Joe Biden at the first day of the Rome G20 summit. Photograph: Antonio Masiello/Getty Images

Reform aimed at fairer taxation of digital giants who have minimised their liabilities

French president Emmanuel Macron and UK prime minister Boris Johnson at the G20 summit in Rome on Saturday. Photograph: Erin Schaff/The New York Times

Draghi appeals for global cooperation as the ‘best answer to the problems we face today’

US president Joe Biden and his wife Jill Biden (left) meet Pope Francis in the Vatican: The pope says the world “cannot allow” an uninhabitable planet to be passed down to our grandchildren. Photograph:  EPA/Vatican media

Catholic US president talks to pontiff amid calls for ambitious G20 and Cop26 accords

US president Joe Biden talks to Pope Francis as they meet at the Vatican. Photograph: Vatican Media via AP

US president meets pontiff amid efforts to set green agenda ahead of Cop26 summit

The Stephansplatz in Vienna. The Austrian capital has managed to almost eliminate coal as a fuel for home heating and cut the use of oil by 70 per cent since 1995. Photograph: Getty Images

Europe Letter: Austrian capital’s solar power plans could fuel almost all Irish data centres

Ireland’s commissioner, Mairéad McGuinness. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

New draft laws are final piece in tougher Basel III banking capital requirements

Ireland’s European Commissioner Mairead McGuinness is moving closer to classifying nuclear energy and gas as having a role to play in the transition to climate neutrality as an energy price crisis consumes the European Union. Photograph: Stephanie Lecocq/EPA

Irish commissioner in eye of storm as member states row amid energy crisis

Next Generation EU funds are made up of €390 billion in grants and the remainder in cheap loans, doled out to member states to be spent on investments and reforms to reach climate and digitalisation targets. Photograph: iStock

Tony Murphy urges caution over pressure to spend whether ‘a lot of added value or not’

Doctors attend a patient in the Covid-19 section at an emergency hospital in Bucharest. In Romania, an EU country of about 19 million, only 36% of adults are fully inoculated. Photograph: Vadim Ghirda/AP Photo

Hundreds dying each day in Romania as crisis deepens in nations with low vaccine uptake

German chancellor Angela Merkel on the second day of a European Union leaders’ meeting in Brussels, Belgium. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/Pool/EPA

Group of member states call for EU cash for barbed wire and fencing to halt migrants

Micheál Martin spoke as EU leaders gathered in Brussels to discuss the contentious issue of migration amid a deteriorating situation on the union’s eastern border. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/Pool/AFP via Getty

Migrants transported to EU borders in retaliation to sanctions on Minsk

Nightclubs, closed since March 2020, will be able to open with 100% capacity, essentially eliminating social distancing protocols but for when patrons are ordering drinks at the bar. File photograph: Getty

Hospitality industry wins concessions from Government amid detiorating Covid situation

Poland’s prime minister Mateusz Morawiecki arriving at the EU summit in Brussels on Thursday. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/POOL/AFP via Getty Images

Ireland outspoken on issue as fellow member states try to de-escalate row

What the Taoiseach said will directly confront the Polish prime minister Mateusz Morawiecki. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

Ireland breaks with likeminded countries to accuse Poland of going ‘too far’

Poland’s prime minister Mateusz Morawiecki speaking at the European Parliament in Strasbourg on Tuesday. Photograph: Ronald Wittek/Pool/AP

Polish court’s bombastic ruling rejecting supremacy of EU law has politics at its heart

Poland’s constitutional tribunal ruled last week that parts of EU law are incompatible with the Polish constitution. Photograph: Ronald Wittek/Pool/AFP via Getty

Fiery scenes at European Parliament as opposing sides entrench positions in speeches

Simon Coveney: ‘We recognise that the British government has an issue there.’ Photograph: Eric Luke

Minister says UK government has obligation to comply with post-Brexit agreement

Countries including Germany have called for action on the leasing of aircraft to Belarussian state airline Belavia. Photograph: iStock

Belarussian airline Belavia accused of role in orchestrating migrant flows to EU borders

 David Frost: ‘I think the EU has definitely made an effort in pushing beyond where they typically go in these areas and we’re quite encouraged by that.’  Photograph: Paul Ellis/AFP via Getty Images

Issue of border checks again on table if United Kingdom fails to abide by pact

A sign on a lamppost near Larne Port calls for the Northern Ireland protocol to be dropped. File photograph: Mark Marlow/Bloomberg

New proposals ‘completely turned our rules upside down and inside out’, says Sefcovic

European Commission vice-president Maros Sefcovic: The proposals began life in his engagements with Northern Irish stakeholders on a visit there in September. Photograph: Aris Oikonomou/AFP via Getty Images

Commission convinced reluctant member states to make an exception for the North

European Commission vice-president Maros Sefcovic addresses a press conference on the  Northern Ireland protocol in Brussels on Wednesday. Photograph: Aris Oikonomou/AFP via Getty Images

Taoiseach describes move by EU as ‘serious response’ to the challenges and concerns

Sign on a lamppost near Larne Port states: ‘Scrap the NI Protocol, Save the Good Friday Agreement.’ Photograph: Mark Marlow/Bloomberg

Brussels proposes to iron out differences over Brexit deal but UK wants bigger change

British Brexit negotiator Lord David Frost:  will list the UK’s objections to the European Court of Justice role in a speech in Lisbon. Photograph: Peter Byrne/PA

Coveney frustrated as Downing Street insists court enforcement of rules ‘a central issue’

UK Brexit minister David Frost at the Tory conference. Photograph: Hollie Adams/Bloomberg

London continues to insist governance of NI protocol must change despite EU rebuffs

Poland’s prime minister Mateusz Morawiecki. Photograph: John Thys/ AFP via Getty

EU cash for Poland in question as European Commission gathers response

President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen said she would use all powers at her disposal to push back. Photograph: Igor Kupljenik/EPA

Polish ruling on reach of EU law risks ‘de-facto exit’ from bloc, French minister warns

 European commissioner for financial stability, financial services and the capital markets union Mairead McGuinness:  “What has been very difficult for us to understand at the European level is how a country like Great Britain would resile from an international agreement, and do it without any blushes.”  Photograph: Nick Bradshaw

European commissioner talks about tax, trade, protocol and need for a stronger bloc

 Taoiseach Micheál Martin: ‘The vast majority of companies will not be impacted.’ Photograph: Daragh Mac Sweeney/Provision

As State set to accord with OECD 15% rate for multinationals, only quarter of voters agree

Finnish prime minister Sanna Marin, Estonian prime minister Kaja Kallas, Belgian prime minister Alexander De Croo and Greek prime minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis during the EU-Western Balkans summit. Photograph: Ludovic Marin/AFP via Getty

Europe Letter: Doubts about expansion fuelled by issues with existing members

Minister for Finance Paschal Donohoe who is in Luxembourg for meetings with European finance ministers. Photograph Nick Bradshaw/The Irish Times

Understood Government has been successful in having ‘at least 15%’ removed from draft text

Minister for Finance Paschal Donohoe who is in Luxembourg for meetings with European finance ministers. Photograph Nick Bradshaw/The Irish Times

Success reported on having sticking-point phrase ‘at least 15%’ removed from draft text

Minister for Finance Paschal Donohoe confirms he received new draft text of the OECD agreement. Photograph: Nick Bradshaw

Ireland under pressure to sign up to the OECD agreement to end State’s 12.5% rate

Spain’s finance minister Nadia Calvino: ‘This is not an issue that we can tackle at national level, we need a European co-ordinated response.’ Photograph: Julien Warnand/EPA

Issue raises questions about dependence on Russian gas and how to manage the green transition

Minister for Finance Paschal Donohoe had called for the “at least” to be removed to leave clarity on the future rate.   Photograph: Nick Bradshaw

Government has been seeking language change over inclusion of ‘at least’ in plan

Brexit minister David Frost demanded an urgent response to changes requested by Britain. Photograph: Vickie Flores/EPA

Move comes as London hints at using clause to suspend parts of Northern Ireland protocol

The Commission believes the measure will drastically cut the amount of e-waste produced in the EU annually and ease the lives of consumers. Photograph: EPA

All electronic devices will have to be built to accept a USB-C charger by 2024

High water level on the floodplains of the river IJssel in Welsum, the Netherlands, in July: thousands of people were ordered to evacuate from their homes as authorities deemed their areas to be at risk. Photograph: Sjoerd van der Wal/Getty Images

Europe Letter: It’s too late to reverse at least some sea level rise, and it’s time to prepare

EU foreign affairs chief Josep Borrell  at a press conference in  New York on Sunday. Photograph: Jason Szenes/EPA

Foreign ministers discuss implications for EU-US relations of ‘surprise’ cancellation

European Commission vice-president Maros Sefcovic: He said the EU  aims to have all outstanding issues related to the North’s post-Brexit arrangements resolved by the end of the year. Photograph: John Thys/EPA

DUP leader asks Nancy Pelosi to reflect on ‘damage’ post-Brexit measure is causing to the North

European Commission president Ursula von der Leyen: ‘One of our member states has been treated in a way that is not acceptable, so we want to know what happened and why.’ Photograph: Kenzo Tribouillard/AFP via Getty

Submarine spat threatens to scupper trade deal between European Union and Australia

EU economy commissioner Paolo Gentiloni is set to counter Irish opposition to a global deal on minimum corporate taxation rates. Photograph: Thierry Monasse/Getty Images

Ireland can compete without 12.5% taxation rate, says Paolo Gentiloni ahead of Dublin visit

Under pressure: Minister for Finance Paschal Donohoe. Photograph: Niall Carson/PA Wire

Not in Ireland’s best interests to hold out if deal agreed, says American Chamber

EU interpretation of rules surrounding the Northern Ireland protocol ‘could lead to a destabilisation of the supply of medicines’

Pharma bodies call on EU Commission to introduce a four-year derogation on application of protocol

ECJ judge Eugene Regan said the fairness of the case should not be affected as deliberations had not yet begun. Photograph: Eric Luke

Failure to disclose Seanad debate participation was ‘genuine oversight’, Eugene Regan says

 French president Emmanuel Macron and Australian prime minister Malcolm Turnbull on the deck of Australian Navy submarine HMAS Waller in May 2018. File photograph: Brendan Esposito/AFP via Getty Images

Outrage in Paris over dumping of submarine deal in favour of Australia, UK and US pact

 European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen delivers a speech during a debate on ‘The State of the European Union’ at the European Parliament in Strasbourg, France. Photograph: Yves Herman/EPA

State is by far the biggest beneficiary of the reserve for the countries hardest hit by UK exit

EU climate chief Frans Timmermans: ‘When measures have a price effect, let’s use the age-old instrument of redistribution to ensure it doesn’t affect the most vulnerable.’ Photograph: Julien Warnand/EPA

Europe Letter: Greens insist spike in gas costs proves the case to speed up transition

European Commission president Ursula von der Leyen during her ‘State of the European Union’ speech at the European Parliament in Strasbourg. Photograph: Yves Herman / EPA

European Commission president appeals for ‘political will’ to pool defence capabilities

Graham Dwyer’s legal team argues data  from two  phones key to identifying him as a suspect was retained in a way contrary to EU law. Photograph: Cyril Byrne

France, Spain and Netherlands back State in privacy and investigation hearing

One French official said the Dwyer case showed the ‘tragic consequences’ that such restrictions could have, and argued against a distinction between serious crime and national security. Photograph: Collins Courts

Phone data crucial in identifying Graham Dwyer as suspect in murder of Elaine O’Hara

There is much at stake for both Graham Dwyer and the State in the case before the European court on Monday. File photograph: Cyril Byrne

European Court of Justice hears submissions from 14 EU states on aspect of data law

An increase in breakthrough infection has been reported in different parts of the world due to the Delta variant.  File photograph: EPA

‘Massive increase’ in unvaccinated teens being hospitalised in US due to Delta variant

Around the continent debates are being cultivated by the Conference on the Future of Europe project, which aims to draw citizens into a reassessment of what the bloc should be. Photograph: Alberto Pezzali/NurPhoto via Getty

Europe Letter: This political term in EU will consider issues with profound implications

European Commission vice-president Maros Sefcovic:   ‘Let’s not try to renegotiate the protocol, this is definitely not our aim.’ File photograph: Eddie Mulholland/Daily Telegraph/PA

Maros Sefcovic issues bulletin ahead of Ireland visit where meeting with Taoiseach scheduled

Afghan women take part in a protest march for their rights under Taliban rule in  downtown  Kabul on September 3rd. Photograph: Hoshang Hashimi/AFP via Getty

European countries aim for alliances to manage migration and security threats

AstraZeneca and the EU have ended their dispute over vaccine supplies.

Pharma group agrees to provide remaining doses by March

  European Commission foreign affairs chief Josep Borrell told EU ministers: ‘Sometimes there are events that catalyse history, that create a breakthrough, and I think that Afghanistan is one of these cases.’ Photograph:  Jure Makovec/AFP

Events in Afghanistan spark reckoning with limits of European hard power

When France, Germany and Britain asked US president Joe Biden to retain troops in Kabul airport past an agreed deadline to allow evacuations to continue, he refused. File photograph: Getty

Europe Letter: Kabul airport chaos proves a ‘stark demonstration’ of limits of EU power

Refugees receive instructions from a US navy soldier as they disembark after an evacuation flight from Kabul in Rota, Spain. Photograph: Cristina Quicler/AFP via Getty

Borders should be secured and Afghan people helped to stay in the region, states agree

Children on their  first day of  school in Toulouse, southwestern France. The country has seen  a resurgence in Covid cases. Photograph:  Lionel Bonaventure/AFP via Getty Images

EU countries vote to reimpose restrictions on non-essential travel from US due to Covid surge

Migrants, mainly coming from Afghanistan and apprehended by Turkish security forces, wait for registration at a deportation centre in the Turkish city of Van which borders Iran and Turkey. Photograph: Emrah Gurel

Attitudes harden ahead of expected increase of arrivals from Afghanistan

A post-Brexit data-sharing agreement between the EU and UK could be terminated if London diverges too much from privacy standards, the European Commission has warned. File photograph: Getty

Decision sustaining cross-border trade and services could terminate if personal data risked

British and US armed forces collaborate at Kabul airport to keep the airport secure and  allow evacuations to proceed safely.  Photograph:  British ministry of defence/AFP via Getty Images

Europe Letter: The Taliban have secured leverage over many thousands of lives

A Canadian soldier walks through a checkpoint during an evacuation at Hamid Karzai International Airport in Kabul. Photograph: EPA/US Marine Corps via DVIDS

European capitals fear at-risk Afghans will be left behind as Washington perseveres with August 31st withdrawal date

French defence minister Florence Parly and French foreign minister Jean-Yves Le Drian take part in a video meeting with Kabul. Photograph: Bertrand Guay/AFP via Getty

Leaders to lobby US president to extend deadline for complete withdrawal of troops

Tourists waiting to be evacuated  as wildfires move  towards the shore in Bodrum,  Turkey. Photograph: AP Photo/Emre Tazegul

Villages are destroyed, thousands are forced to evacuate and vast areas of forest are set ablaze

HSE clinics are open to those aged over 16 who have yet to receive a first dose of a vaccine against coronavirus. Photograph of interior of Citywest: Paul Reid/Twitter

Tony Holohan praises young people who queued to get vaccinated against Covid-19 at walk-in centres

Croke Park before the football final in 2018. Photograph: Tommy Dickson/Inpho

Failure to wear masks could hinder aim to have 40,000 spectators at All Ireland finals

The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control warned against all but essential travel to much of Spain, including the holiday island of Ibiza. Photograph:  Zowy Voeten/Getty

Germany tightens measures on returning travellers due to tourism hotspots concerns

Photograph: Stock photo/Getty Images

Europe Letter: Scattered friends and family cheer a new start for the bride and groom

Last week the UK’s Brexit minister, David Frost, told the House of Commons there should be a ‘significant change’. Photograph: PRU/AFP via Getty

Move follows British government’s call last week for a ‘standstill period’

At her first European Council meeting in December 2005, Angela Merkel emerged in the early hours ‘the deal-maker’ in brokering a budget accord. Photograph: Alexander Hassenstein/Getty Images

Exit of the EU's great deal-maker raises prospect for new configurations of power

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