David Frost, the UK’s Brexit minister, speaks to the media prior to meeting Maros Sefcovic, vice-president of the European Commission, in Brussels earlier in November. Photograph: Valeria Mongelli/Bloomberg

London Letter: The EU would view the UK’s use of article 16 as particularly aggressive

People take part in a protest outside the Home Office in Westminster, London, following the deaths of 27 people, who drowned after their boat sank in the English Channel on Wednesday. Photograph: James Manning/PA Wire

Priti Patel to meet with French counterpart after 27 people drown in English Channel

British prime minister Boris Johnson and chancellor of the exchequer Rishi Sunak sitting together during prime minister’s questions. Photograph: AFP via Getty Images

Labour leader accuses prime minister of introducing ‘working class dementia tax’

Labour leader Keir Starmer: ‘The prime minister’s routine is falling flat. His chancellor is worried that people are getting wise.’ Handout photograph: UK Parliament/Jessica Taylor/PA Wire

Labour leader revels in PM’s discomfort as rift with chancellor Rishi Sunak widens

Britain’s prime minister Boris Johnson meets Israeli president Isaac Herzog: Mr Johnson gave a rambling speech to the Confederation of British Industry on Monday.  Photograph:  Justin Tallis

Eighteen Conservatives call for independent assessment of NHS staffing needs

Louise Haigh, shadow Northern Ireland secretary: ‘It’s not my job to be a persuader for the union.’ Photograph: Jonathan Brady/PA Wire

Louise Haigh says Belfast Agreement means British government should not act as a persuader on one side

Britain’s Brexit minister David Frost says diverging from EU rules and standards is essential for Britain to prosper after Brexit Photograph: John Thys/AFP

Diverging from EU rules essential for Britain to prosper, David Frost tells conference

British cabinet minister Michael Gove has expressed confidence that a deal over the Northern Ireland protocol can be agreed without recourse to unilateral action under Article 16. Photograph:  Leon Neal/Getty Images

Taoiseach says he has built good relationship with Boris Johnson and all sides keen to end post-Brexit rancour

Former taoiseach Bertie Ahern: he said loyalists see the  protocol as a ‘trick by the South’ to create a united Ireland. Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill

Ex-taoiseach says solving issues on political identity more difficult than trade issues

Britain’s president for Cop26 Alok Sharma speaks during a press conference in central London earlier this week. Photograph: Daniel Leal/Pool/AFP via Getty Images

London Letter: Cop26 president provides welcome relief from Johnson’s chosen path

Labour leader Keir Starmer and shadow chancellor Rachel Reeves at Leeds railway station after visiting Bradford. Photograph: Stefan Rousseau/PA Wire

Levelling up exposed as nothing more than a slogan, says Labour leader Keir Starmer

 David Frost answering Brexit-related questions in the House of Lords  on Thursday. Photograph: AFP via Getty Images

He also dismisses speculation he would invoke article 16 in the most limited way to extend current grace periods

Britain’s prime minister Boris Johnson: told the House of Commons liaison committee that he now accepted that the former Northern secretary broke the rules. Handout photograph: UK Parliament/Jessica Taylor

Prime Minister admits mistake in trying to change rules to save Owen Paterson

Britain’s prime minister Boris Johnson speaking during Prime Minister’s Questions in the House of Commons in London on Wednesday. Photograph: Jessica Taylor/AFP via Getty Images

Conservatives worry debacle will keep Tory sleaze in the headlines for months

Boris Johnson attempted to block  Owen Paterson’s suspension as an MP for breaching rules about paid lobbying, but  reversed his position following a backlash from MPs and voters. Photograph: Chris J Ratcliffe/Pool/EPA

Prime minister’s announcement came just as Labour leader was making same proposal

Police forensics officers at the Women’s Hospital in Liverpool on Monday, the scene of Sunday’s taxi explosion. Photograph: Paul  Ellis/AFP via Getty

Suspect Emad Al Swealmeen (32), who died in taxi explosion, was a convert to Christianity

Boris Johnson defends Britain’s handling of  Cop26. Photograph: Daniel Leal/PA Wire

Activists say pact not ambitious enough to prevent global warming above 1.5 degrees

A climate justice march in New York took place in the final hours of the Cop26 summit. A tearful Cop26 president Alok Sharma closed the  summit with a global deal by nearly 200 countries aimed at limiting dangerous temperature rises. Photograph: Kena Betancur/AFP via Getty

Last-minute coup by China, India sees coal wording being changed from ‘phase out’ to ‘phase down’

President for Cop26, Alok Sharma, speaks on stage during the Cop26 summit at the Scottish Event Campus (SEC) in Glasgow for the opening of the Gender Day event. Photograph: Jane Barlow/PA Wire

Climate pact ‘watered down’ at last minute following push by India

Climate activists protest in central London, as the Cop26 summit over-runs its deadline. Photograph: Justin Tallis/AFP via Getty

Negotiators near deal on carbon trading as Ireland pledges €5m to help poorer countries

Journalists work inside the media centre at the Cop26 conference, in Glasgow. Photograph:  Oli Scarff/AFP via Getty Images

What has happened in Glasgow is nothing less than a reorientation of global capitalism towards a carbon neutral future

Cop26 president Alok Sharma surrounded by advisers before giving a  speech at the  summit in Glasgow. Photograph: PA Wire

Minister acknowledges commitments made not enough to reach 1.5 degree target

The latest draft text retains references for countries to upgrade climate pledges in 2022 and phase out inefficient fossil fuels subsidies, which had been criticised by some nations. Photograph: Andrew Milligan/PA

EU, US and Japan reported to be resisting giving more money to developing countries

Britain’s Brexit minister David Frost. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

Change might reflect a conclusion in London that it’s the wrong time to risk EU retaliation

European  Commission vice president Maros Sefcovic speaking at Europe House in Westminster, London after a meeting with Brexit minister David Frost. Photograph: Hollie Adams/PA Wire

EC’s Maros Sefcovic welcomes ‘change in tone’ from Brexit minister David Frost

Britain’s Brexit minister  David Frost: Europe has made it clear it is not impressed by British spin about triggering article 16 in a “calibrated and forensic” way.  Photograph: Olivier Hoslet

London Letter: British threats have pushed more EU members into hawkish camp

Frans Timmermans, Vice-President of the European Commission, said it would be a ‘very bad signal’ if a reference to phasing out coal and fossil fuels in a draft text published on Wednesday does not survive in the summit’s final statement. Photograph: Robert Perry/EPA

European Commission VP says phasing out of fossil fuels needs to make final statement

British chief Brexit negotiator David Frost: “We have inched a little bit closer; there has been some movement, and that is good. We just are not moving together quickly enough.” Photograph: Virginia Mayo

British Brexit minister says move still an option but vows to keep up talks

UK prime minister Boris Johnston at Cop26. Photograph: Jane Barlow/PA Wire

‘The world will find it absolutely incomprehensible if we fail to deliver,’ he tells leaders

 British prime minister Boris Johnson: “For hundreds of years, MPs have gone to parliament and also done work as doctors, lawyers or soldiers or firefighters or writers, or all sorts of other trades and callings.” Photograph: Robert Perry

British PM tells Cop26 of media scrutiny and ‘appropriate sanctions’ amid wave of sleaze

UK prime minister Boris Johnson. Photograph: Christopher Furlong/Getty

Opposition calls for watchdog inquiry into stay at Zac Goldsmith’s luxury property

European Commission vice-president Maros Sefcovic following a meeting with Britain’s chief Brexit negotiator David Frost. Photograph: Getty

Engagements with Britain over Northern Ireland proposals ‘disappointing ’ – Sefcovic

UK Brexit minister  David Frost speaks with the media outside EU headquarters in Brussels on Friday. Photograph: Virginia Mayo/AP

Maros Sefcovic describes latest talks with David Frost as ‘disappointing’

The Imperial War Museum in London. Photograph: Chris Jackson/Getty

London Letter: Imperial War Museum initiative fills gaps in understanding of Holocaust

Boris Johnson has ditched plans to overhaul the standards system for MPs. File photograph: UK Parliament/Jessica Taylor /PA Wire

PM had promised new vote in standards in public life row after heavy backlash

France’s minister for European affairs Clément Beaune. Photograph: Ludovic Marin/AFP via Getty Images

Ministers commit to further negotiations as Paris meeting fails to break deadlock

Taoiseach Micheál Martin speaking during the Cop26 summit in Glasgow on Tuesday. Photograph: Hannah McKay/PA Wire

Government plan expected to include methane reductions of about 10%

India’s prime minister Narendra Modi  and British prime minister Boris Johnson: This is the first time that India has set a target for net zero. Photograph: Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images

Big promises bode well as India and China enter into spirit of saving the planet

David Frost: he will meet the European Commission vice-president Maros Sefcovic in Brussels on Friday after a second week of talks between Britain and the EU about the protocol. Photograph:  Peter Byrne/PA Wire

Taoiseach warns any UK unilateral action on Northern Ireland protocol would undermine the Belfast Agreement

Taoiseach Micheál Martin addressing the Cop26 summit in Glasgow. Photograph: Hannah McKay/PA Wire

Martin tells summit decisive action now will offer humanity ‘the most valuable prize of all - a liveable planet’

Taoiseach Micheál Martin has said that Ireland has no choice when it comes to climate change. Photograph: Phil Noble/AFP via Getty

Taoiseach signs pledge to cut global methane emissions by 30 per cent

Taoiseach Micheál Martin greets British foreign secretary Liz Truss as leaders arrive for the Cop26 UN Climate Summit in Glasgow, Scotland, on Monday. Photograph: Robert Perry/EPA

Taoiseach stresses pledge is global and not national on day one of climate summit

Northern Ireland secretary Brandon Lewis. Photograph: Hollie Adams/Bloomberg

Ireland stands in solidarity with France on fishing dispute, says Taoiseach

Britain’s foreign secretary Liz Truss and United Nations politician Patricia Espinosa with Taoiseach Micheál Martin in Glasgow. Photograph: Christopher Furlong/AFP via Getty

Cop26: State will sign global pledge to lower methane emissions by 30% but Martin says cuts will differ in countries

Cop26:  The Glasgow meeting’s success depends on richer countries committing $100 billion a year to help poorer countries to make the changes needed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.  Photograph: Emily Macinnes/Bloomberg

British PM to tell leaders of need to act on climate disaster as fishing row continues

British prime minister Boris Johnson at the closing press conference of the G20 summit in Rome, ahead of the Glasgow Cop26 event. Photograph: Stefan Rousseau/PA

Friction with France casts pall over supposed showcase for PM’s vision of ‘Global Britain’

Apart from investing in offshore wind, Britain will explore new nuclear power options. Photograph: iStock

Anxiety and caution surround one of the most important political meetings to save the planet

Scotland’s first minister Nicola Sturgeon officially opening the City of Glasgow College’s international maritime hub at Riverside Campus, Glasgow, ahead of Cop26.  Photograph:  Jane Barlow/PA Wire

‘We would be much more powerful as an independent country. Not least, we’d be sitting around the negotiating table at Cop26’

Fishing boats in Boulogne port: France has threatened to impose extra checks on British lorries in a standoff over fishing licences with crown dependencies Jersey and Guernsey. Photograph: Gareth Fuller/PA

London claims breach of trade accord looms while PM refers to ‘impression of disharmony’

Becky and Rachel from The Unthanks are among the performers at an Other Voices event hosted by the Irish Embassy in London on Friday night. Photograph: Jeff Spicer/Getty

London Letter: Other Voices amplifies interwoven musical world of Britain and Ireland

France’s action is a response to the refusal of authorities in Jersey and Guernsey to grant fishing licences to French boats which have been fishing in their waters for years. Photograph: Sameer Al-Doumy/AFP via Getty Images

Row over access to waters around the Channel Islands escalates

Britain’s chancellor of the exchequer Rishi Sunak delivering his budget statement in the House of Commons on Wednesday. Photograph: Jessica Taylor/ via Getty Images

Analysis: Chancellor makes clear that moral thrust of budget aligns with spirit of Thatcher

Prime Minister Boris Johnson (right) with Chancellor of the Exchequer Rishi Sunak during a visit to Fourpure Brewery in Bermondsey, London, after Sunak delivered his Budget to the House of Commons. Picture date: Wednesday October 27, 2021. PA Photo. See PA story POLITICS Budget. Photo credit should read: Dan Kitwood/PA Wire

Extra £1.6bn for public services and 2.5% rise in spending on infrastructure annually in NI

David Frost: ‘The problem is far too much EU law applies directly in Northern Ireland.’ Photograph: AP Photo/Virginia Mayo

Call for Northern Secretary Brandon Lewis to bring forward Irish language legislation

David Frost gives evidence to the European Scrutiny Committee in the British House of Commons, London, on Monday. Photograph: PA Wire

Brexit minister set for more talks over protocol disagreements during coming week

Facebook whistleblower Frances Haugen giving evidence to the joint committee for the Draft Online Safety Bill, as part of government plans for social media regulation. Photograph: House of Commons/PA Wire

Frances Haugen: Firm’s social media ensured bullying followed children from school

Minister for Foreign Affairs Simon Coveney: ‘The EU can never outsource the interpretation of EU law to a court in a third country. That could never be accepted.’ Photograph: The Irish Times

Climate change and renewable energy discussed at inaugural Ireland-Wales Forum

First minister of Wales  Mark Drakeford said he saw the inaugural Ireland Wales Forum as an opportunity to build on his country’s relationship with its closest European Union neighbour. Photograph: Chris Jackson/Getty Images

Mark Drakeford says event an important milestone to discuss challenges and opportunities on trade

British prime minister Boris Johnson  at St Patrick’s Church of Ireland cathedral in Armagh. ‘The numbers of infections are high, but we are within the parameters of what the predictions were. We are sticking with our plan.’ Photograph: Kelvin Boyes/Press Eye

Medical association accuses government of ‘wilful negligence’ in not bringing back restrictions

Shadows are cast across the street in London on Thursday. Photograph: Andy Rain/EPA

London Letter: Return to normal life leaves many feeling unhappy and let down

 Brexit negotiator Lord David Frost. Photograph: Virginia Mayo/AP

Brexit minister hopes European Commission will go further than last week’s proposals

Alliance Party leader Naomi Long: ‘I don’t believe the current government negotiates with Northern Ireland’s best interests at heart.’ Photograph: Brian Lawless/PA Wire

Alliance leader Naomi Long says strained Anglo-Irish relations have left North feeling like ‘the child of a divorce’

The Covid-19 Memorial Wall in London. Some 954 people died in Britain with coronavirus during the past week. Photograph: EPA/Andy Rain

Health secretary warns if enough people do not take up booster vaccinations and modify their behaviour restrictions could return

British prime minister Boris Johnson inspects a product at the Science Museum, London: “The UK’s path to ending our contribution to climate change will be paved with well-paid jobs, billions in investment and thriving green industries.” Photograph: Yui Mok/PA

Multifaceted plans ‘torpedoed’ by treasury and inadequate for crisis, Labour says

Conservative Party MP Mark Francois described his friend as “an animal-lover, a patriot, a Thatcherite, a Eurosceptic, a monarchist and a staunch Roman Catholic”.   Photograph: PA Wire

Tributes to slain MP’s passion and promotion of Southend enliven Commons

 British prime minister Boris Johnson  with MPs as they walk from parliament to St Margaret’s Church for a commemorative service for MP Sir David Amess in London. Photograph: Andy Rain

Police holding 25-year-old suspected of stabbing MP to death last week

A woman lays flowers at the scene near Belfairs Methodist Church in Eastwood Road North, Leigh-on-Sea, Essex, where Conservative MP Sir David Amess died after he was stabbed several times at a constituency surgery on Friday. Photograph: Kirsty O’Connor/PA Wire

Fatal stabbing of Tory backbencher prompts security review as suspect (25) in custody

‘I was staggered at the display of pig-ignorance towards the fundamentals of Irish history,’ said Lord Puttnam of elements of the Brexit debate in his speech. File Photograph: David Sleator/The Irish Times

Film director says he is ‘embarassed’ by tone of debate as he announces retirement from Lords

Floral tributes  near the scene of the fatal stabbing incident in which Conservative British MP Sir David Amess was killed on Friday. Photograph: Tolga Akmen/AFP via Getty

Conservative Party MP for Southend West attacked by man while meeting constituents

Brexit minister David Frost: Those close to him talk of triggering article 16 in a limited way, suspending a few narrow elements of the protocol while negotiations continue. Photograph: Aaron Chown/PA Wire

London Letter: ECJ oversight issue remains but EU poised for Britain’s possible next step

Britain’s Minister of State for EU Relations David Frost, pictured at the recent Conservative Party Conference, will travel to Brussels on Friday for further talks on the Northern Ireland protocol. Photograph: Paul Ellis / AFP via Getty Images

UK government says more work needed ‘to see if the gaps can be bridged’ after EU move

Speaking in London on Thursday, Minister of State for the Diaspora Colm Brophy said he was ‘particularly glad to be able to make a contribution to those organisations that work with survivors of the mother and baby homes resident in Britain’. File photograph: Tom Honan

Extension of Digital Covid Travel Certificate intended to help with Christmas travel

Taoiseach Micheál Martin said the proposals demanded an equivocal response from the United Kingdom which should commence now. Photograph: Sasko Lazarov

UK government should work with European Union in pursuit of joint solution, says Taiseach

Chief Brexit negotiator David Frost called for a ‘new protocol’ and said removing the role of the European Court of Justice was central to Britain’s demands. Photograph: Peter Byrne/PA Wire

Elements of Britain’s proposals would require changes to the text of the protocol

Once David Frost triggers Article 16 on behalf of the UK government, he will have pulled almost the only lever left to him. File photograph: Getty

EU has behaved badly towards Britain since Brexit, claims chief negotiator David Frost

The original protocol defaulted to ‘excessive rigidity,’ David Frost said, which is now ’needlessly harming’ Northern Ireland. Photograph: Aris Oikonomou/AFP via Getty Images

Latest British demands on Brexit ‘very hard to accept’, says Varadkar

Some of the most serious early failings, the report suggests, resulted from apparent groupthink among scientists and ministers which led to ‘fatalism’, the report finds. Photograph: Getty Images

Bereaved families call for public inquiry to be brought forward after cross-party report

British Brexit negotiator Lord David Frost:  will list the UK’s objections to the European Court of Justice role in a speech in Lisbon. Photograph: Peter Byrne/PA

Coveney frustrated as Downing Street insists court enforcement of rules ‘a central issue’

Britain’s business secretary Kwasi Kwarteng on the BBC1 current affairs programme The Andrew Marr Show on Sunday. He has made a formal request to chancellor of the exchequer Rishi Sunak to help industries that use a lot of energy. Photograph:  PA Photo

Labour’s shadow chancellor accuses chancellor Rishi Sunak of being missing in action

UK Brexit minister David Frost at the Tory conference. Photograph: Hollie Adams/Bloomberg

London continues to insist governance of NI protocol must change despite EU rebuffs

Former secretary of state for Northern Ireland James Brokenshire, who resigned last summer because of his illness. Photograph: Eric Luke / The Irish Times

Laders pay tribute to ‘nicest, kindest and most unassuming’ of politicians

Hugh Lane Gallery director Barbara Dawson and Ireland’s Ambassador to the UK Adrian O’Neill survey the Art of Negotiation, an exhibition of John Lavery’s Anglo-Irish Treaty portraits at the Irish Embassy in London.

Lavery portraits of both sides on view at Irish Embassy in London – ‘The Art of Negotiation’

British  prime minister Boris Johnson  delivering his keynote speech on the final day of the  Conservative Party conference in Manchester. Photograph:  Hollie Adams/Bloomberg

PM doubles down on interpretation of supply shortages as a sign of recovery

 Boris Johnson  preparing his speech  in his hotel room on the third day of the annual Conservative Party conference in Manchester. Photograph:  Stefan Rousseau/pool/AFP via Getty Images

Farmers begin culling hundreds of healthy pigs because of unavailability of drivers

     Sarah Everard was kidnapped, raped and murdered by a serving police officer

Wayne Couzens used his police ID to falsely arrest woman, rape and murder her

David Frost speaks during the Conservative Party conference in Manchester on Monday. Photograph: Peter Byrne/PA Wire

Brexit minister’s conference speech was a hymn to a bright future – without NI protocol

UK Brexit minister David Frost: ‘Without an agreed solution soon, we will need to act, using the Article 16 safeguard mechanism, to address the impact the protocol is having on Northern Ireland.’ Photograph: Peter Byrne/PA Wire

Unionist party leaders say triggering Article 16 of Northern Ireland protocol would not resolve issues

British foreign secretary Liz Truss speaking  at the annual Conservative Party conference in Manchester. Photograph: Oli Scarff/AFP via Getty Images

Conservatives begin their party conference amid warnings of a cost of living crisis and fuel shortages continuing for months

Michel Barnier, who is promoting his book My Secret Brexit Diary, describes as “serious” Britain’s attempt to renege on the Northern Ireland protocol by calling for it to be renegotiated. Photograph: Pascal Guyot/AFP via Getty Images

The EU’s chief Brexit negotiator describes Brexit as a ‘lose-lose’ with the suffering greatest on the British side

Empty supermarket shelves, London. Retailers, manufacturers and food suppliers have reported disruptions due to a shortage of truck drivers linked to the pandemic and Britain’s departure from the EU. Photograph: Frank Augstein/AP Photo

London Letter: A cost-of-living crisis is looming and Sunak is ignoring the warnings

Sarah Everard: Police officer Wayne Couzens has been given  a whole-life order at the Old Bailey for her  kidnap, rape and murder. Photograph: Family handout/CPS/PA Wire

Judge describes crimes of Wayne Couzens as ‘devastating, tragic and wholly brutal’

 Labour party leader Sir Keir Starmer delivering his keynote speech at the party’s annual conference  in Brighton on Wednesday. Photograph:  Leon Neal/Getty Images

Labour conference was dominated by disputes within the party about rule changes

 Sir Keir Starmer and his wife, Victoria, following his keynote speech to Labour’s annual conference for the first time as party leader, in Brighton, on Wednesday. Photograph:  Dan Kitwood/Getty Images

Party leader heckled repeatedly but Sir Keir also received 17 standing ovations

Labour leader Sir Keir Starmer: ‘I didn’t come into politics to vote over and over again in parliament and lose and then tweet about it.’ Photograph: Stefan Rousseau/PA Wire

Front bench member resigns after being told to argue motion for increased minimum wage

A petrol station in London. Photograph: Facundo Arrizabalaga/EPA

UK government’s plan to issue short-term visas to EU drivers denounced as arrogant

 Vehicles queue to fill up at a  petrol station in Camberley, west of London. Photograph: Getty Images

London mayor Sadiq Khan calls for some petrol stations to be reserved for the exclusive use of key workers

Rachel Reeves, Labour’s  shadow chancellor of the exchequer, and leader  Kier Starmer at  the annual Labour Party conference in Brighton. Photograph:  Hollie Adams/Bloomberg

Labour’s conference has been overshadowed by a resignation and a description of the Conservative cabinet as scum

Britain’s Labour Party leader Keir Starmer (L) and  deputy leader Angela Rayner at  the annual party conference  in Brighton. Photograph: Justin Tallis/AFP via Getty

Brighton convention sees party leader break pledge to nationalise energy sector

 Cardinal  Keith O’Brien, kissing the hand of Pope John Paul II in  2003,   resigned in 2013 following  claims of sexual misconduct with young priests and seminarians. Photograph: Salvatore Laporta/Getty Images

Book review: Brian Devlin waived his anonymity to expose Cardinal Keith O’Brien and the enduring failure of the church

The British government has sought to row back from a  minister’s suggestion that US president Joe Biden does not understand the issues surrounding the Northern Ireland protocol.  Photograph: Adam Schultz/The White House/AFP  via Getty Images

US president understands Northern Ireland protocol ‘very well’, Taoiseach says

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