Simon Coveney has warned that reports  the British government was preparing a second piece of legislation could breach the withdrawal agreement. Photograph: Crispin Rodwell/The Irish Times

EU warns UK deal must be reached by tomorrow; talks stuck on fisheries

Jozsef Szajer. Photograph: Peter Kohalmi/AFP via Getty

Europe Letter: Sense that Hungary on the back foot as EU budget hangs in the balance

EU chief negotiator Michel Barnier warned  that unless a breakthrough was made by Friday the EU may run out of time to ratify a deal. Photograph: Tolga Akmen / AFP

States voice concern that compromise may go too far and no deal is preferable

US president-elect Joe Biden. Photograph: Erin Schaff/The New York Times

Ambitions for co-operation on climate change, tech regulation and China

Eurogroup president Paschal Donohoe: brokering a deal on the reform is an early success for him. Photograph: Francisco Seco

Accord aims to make repeat of debt crises after 2007-2008 financial collapse less likely

Customers sitting in their cars receiving goods at a drive-in Christmas market during the second wave of the coronavirus pandemic in Landshut, Germany. Photograph: Getty

Governments predict ‘sober Christmas’ with restaurants, bars shut but small gatherings allowed

Serious differences remain between the two sides over the most contentious issues of how to share fish stocks, how to arbitrate any future disagreements, and how to ensure fair competition between companies. Photograph: iStock

Negotiations intensify with time running out to avoid damaging no-deal exit on January 1st

Michel Barnier: “significant divergences persist” between Brussels and London. Photograph: Francois Lenoir/AFP

Concerns mount that insufficient time remains to strike a conclusive deal

The British financial industry had hoped to retain its so-called passport. Photograph: iStock

Equivalence permits for UK financial services unlikely to be ready by January 1st

 Minister for Foreign Affairs Simon Coveney TD arrives at the Convention Centre in Dublin were the Dáil is sitting. Photograph: Crispin Rodwell/The Irish Times

But ensuring Irish interests are part of any final Brexit trade deal ‘will not be easy’

French fishermen from Granville fishing in UK waters.  Photograph: Siegfried Modola/Getty Images

Emmanuel Macron is eyeing majority of EU pot as compensation for French fishermen

Cillian Lohan has been elected vice-president of the European Economic and Social Committee, on a mandate of reforming the body

Europe Letter: Cillian Lohan is hoping to make the scandal-hit EESC relevant again

EU chief negotiator Michel Barnier:  Britain seeking to “allow the UK to source goods from around the world and export them, with very little alteration to the EU as British goods, tariff-and quota-free” Photograph: Ben Stansall

Goods with ingredients from both sides of Border risk export market exclusion

Privacy activist Max Schrems: ‘We put these laws forward... but the reality is it’s not enforced.’ Photograph: Nick Bradshaw

European Commission unveils new strategy to tip data balance away from US tech giants

Under EU rules there are restrictions on certain meat products, such as sausages, from outside the European Union.

Charlie McConalogue says trade between Ireland and UK will be difficult without deal

Nato secretary general Jens Stoltenberg: ‘We will continue to provide support to Afghan security forces.’

Restive country could become ‘platform for international terrorists to plan attacks’

Britain’s chief Brexit negotiator David Frost. ‘Fundamental divergences still remain, but we are continuing to work hard for a deal’ said EU chief negotiator Michel Barnier, as he convened with Mr Frost for online talks. Photograph: Getty Images

Both sides strike gloomy note as infection disrupts negotiation and disagreements persist

Trucking companies have raised concerns at the lack of a back-up plan if the IT system, that will begin processing paperwork, is overwhelmed by demand when it goes live. File photograph: Gareth Fuller/PA

Declaration system may be swamped, leaving trucks stranded, with risk of price hikes and shortages

Belgium, France and the Netherlands have called on the European Commission to accelerate contingency planning for the possibility that a Brexit trade deal cannot be struck. Photograph: Daniel Leal-Olivas/AFP via Getty

‘Hope for the best, prepare for the worst,’ say diplomats, with talks in danger of timing out

Fishing: the most contentious Brexit sticking point. Photograph: Getty

Legal text on Brussels-UK deal said to be 95% agreed, but key stumbling blocks remain

Hungarian prime minister Viktor Orban: His country stands to lose significant sums by blocking the budget and recovery plan.

Hard bargaining ahead as Hungary and Poland seek to resist rule of law criteria

EU chief negotiator Michel Barnier: he  has had to go into self-isolation after one of his Brexit negotiating team tested positive for Covid-19. Photograph: Daniel Leal-Olivas/AFP via Getty Images

Barnier says teams will continue to work ‘within guidelines’

By April, 40 per cent of workers in the EU were teleworking full-time, according to the EU agency Eurofound.

Europe Letter: Covid-19 will see a huge societal shift, but it will have to be carefully managed

A health worker wearing overalls performs rapid antigen tests for Covid-19 in a medical office. Photograph: Ettore Ferrari/EPA

Executive body advises widespread adoption by member states to help curb virus surge

‘We need to make sure that jobs and investment are protected,’ said Minister of State for European Affairs Thomas Byrne. Photograph: Gareth Chaney/Collins

Budget impasse and recovery fund sparks call for expulsion of Hungary’s Fidesz from FG grouping

Minister for Foreign Affairs Simon Coveney said preparations for a crash exit would become the priority if nothing had moved by the end of next week.

Next 10 days seen as crunch time for agreement that will affect billions of euro in trade

European Commission president Ursula von der Leyen gives a press conference at the European headquarters in Brussels on November 16th. Photograph: EPA

Governments in Budapest and Warsaw block recovery funds and next budget in retaliation for move to keep money from countries that (...)

EU chief negotiator Michel Barnier in London on Friday for negotiations on the future relationship between the EU and the UK. Photograph: Daniel Leal-Olivas/AFP via Getty Images

Talks overshadowed by turmoil in Downing Street as aides to Boris Johnson resign

While the number of Covid-19 tests being done in the Republic has fallen, the percentage of positive tests has also dropped since late October, indicating that undetected cases are also falling. Photograph: Gareth Chaney/Collins

EU data shows Luxembourg, Belgium have incidences almost 10 times that of State’s

Goods entering Northern Ireland from the rest of the UK, and the rest of the world, will need to meet EU rules on food safety. Photograph: iStock

British government accepts consignments would still be subject to checks and controls

City of London: an equivalence decision would be a declaration that supervision and regulations in the UK are effectively as good as those of the EU. Photograph: iStock

Britain’s policy direction fails to convince and points to challenges for financial centre

Mink look out from their cage at a farm near Naestved, Denmark. Photograph: Mads Claus Rasmussen/Ritzau Scanpix/AFP via Getty Images

Virus can mutate more quickly in animals before being spread into human population

French president Emmanuel Macron and Austrian chancellor Sebastian Kurz after European leaders held remote talks on the response to terror threats in Europe on Tuesday. Photograph: Ludovic Marin/AFP via Getty Images

Europe Letter: EU happy to celebrate or stigmatise Muslim immigrants when it suits agenda

French president Emmanuel Macron:  Citizens ‘won’t be able to accept for a long time that internal borders are kept open if we do not reform the Schengen area in depth’. Photograph: AP

Calls for reform of Schengen system and more security at borders after extremist violence

Rosslare Harbour. Photograph: Bryan O’Brien

Potential capacity problems on ferries bypassing ‘land bridge’ flagged by hauliers

A recent survey found that 33 per cent of people in Ireland were unsure whether they would take a Covid-19 vaccine and 12 per cent said they would not take it.  

Doses are distributed according to population and groups such as healthcare workers are recommended to be first in line

President-elect Joe Biden: his election immediately raised questions about whether it could cause a  major  change in London’s talks with the EU. Photograph: The New York Times

Cantillon: A future without a trade deal with either the EU or US would be far from the ‘sunlit uplands’ the Brexit camp promised (...)

Mistakes are ‘pervasive’ in the allocation of EU cash to projects across the bloc. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

European Court of Auditors warns of need for controls ahead of €750 billion stimulus funding

 Medical personnel transport a Covid-19 patient to a coronavirus facility area set up by the Italian army to lighten the workload for hospitals in  Milan. Photograph: EPA/MATTEO CORNER

Almost 40,000 new cases registered in Italy over a 24-hour period last weekend

The new tariffs on US imports into the EU will include 15 per cent on aircraft and 25 per cent on a range of agricultural and industrial products

High hopes for reset in trade relations once Biden takes office and review of levies on Irish products including Kerrygold and Bai(...)

European Commission president Ursula Von Der Leyen: The result of the US election was broadly greeted with relief in Europe.  Photograph:   Olivier Hoslet/pool/AFP via Getty Images

Trump’s lack of credibility among EU leaders clear in orchestrated response

Germany’s foreign minister Heiko Maas: ‘very, very important’ if the US could rejoin the Paris Agreement. Photograph: Odd Andersen/AFP via Getty Images

Some prematurely congratulate Democrat, while others optimistic on climate accord

Currently, unanimous support by EU member states is required for sanctions in the case of rule of law breaches.  But under the proposed new system no single state would hold a veto. Photograph: Arterra/UIG via Getty Images

Budget and stimulus cash could be withheld from countries breaching rule of law principles

Freight containers at Dublin Port. Ireland’s continued strong export performance this year has  helped to cushion the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the economy. Photograph: Alan Betson / The Irish Times

Recession in 2020 worst in EU history but Irish economy among member states least affected

French economy and finance minister Bruno Le Maire: ‘The United States has not been a friendly partner to European states for several years now.’ Photograph: Getty

Europe Letter: Experts warn that support for Trump reflects enduring differences between old allies

Chief EU negotiator Michel Barnier: no certainty a deal can  be clinched by a mid-November deadline. Photograph: Francisco Seco/AP

Differences remain on old stumbling blocks of governance, fish and level playing field

 Anti-Trump street art  in Paris. Photograph: Kiran Ridley/Getty Images)

Politicians say result shows need for self-reliance as right-wing populists welcome Trump performance

Minister for Finance and Eurogroup president Paschal Donohoe says resolution is needed between member states and the European Parliament to finalise a recovery plan. Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill

Tourism, hospitality, entertainment and culture sectors hardest hit by second wave

Chief EU negotiator Michel Barnier is set to update member states and the European Parliament this week following almost two weeks of intense negotiations with his British counterpart. Illustration: Getty Images

UK misses deadline to respond to warning over breach of withdrawal agreement

Enclosed spaces where people breathe the same air have been pinpointed as settings for mass spreading of the disease. Photograph: Paul Scott

Experts from around the world sum up the most important discoveries of recent months

German chancellor Angela Merkel at a press conference after a cabinet meeting in Berlin, on Monday. Photograph: Henning Schacht/EPA

France and Spain both record over 50,000 new infections as governments impose new restrictions

The European Union’s chief Brexit negotiator, Michel Barnier, departing his hotel in London last week before heading back to Brussels. Photograph: Andy Rain/EPA

A failure to clinch an agreement would disrupt hundreds of billions of euro in trade

All kinds of absurd stereotypes about Asia were used to support the Western exceptionalism that underpinned our bad policies. Photograph: Paul Scott

Western leaders have been insular slow learners at every stage of the Covid pandemic

 World Health Organisation director general Tedros Adhanom speaks earlier this year during a news conference on Covid-19, in Geneva, Switzerland. File photograph: Denis Balibouse/Reuters

One expert says coronavirus is causing levels of disability last seen during world wars

 European Commission president Ursula Von Der Leyen  and  European Council president Charles Michel giving a press briefing after a virtual European Council meeting on Thursday. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

Von Der Leyen warns of ‘overwhelmed’ hospitals without urgent action

 In French president Emmanuel Macron’s televised address to the nation, he said: ‘The virus is circulating in France at a speed that even the most pessimistic had not anticipated.’ Photograph:  Philippe Lopez/ AFP via Getty

France in national lockdown, and Germany shuts bars and restaurants as Covid cases surge

European Council president Charles Michel: ‘Within the space of just a few weeks, the situation has escalated from worrying to alarming.’ Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA/POOL

Europe Letter: ‘Pandemic is intensifying across member states’, says Charles Michel

 EU Commission president Ursula von der Leyen says the exit strategies were partly too fast and measures were relaxed too soon. Photograph: Chema Moya/ EPA

Call for dramatic action as virologist warns ‘millions will die’ if Covid allowed to roam free

 The installation of an  auxiliary hospital unit   for  Covid-19 patients at Verviers, Belgium.  Photograph:  Benoit Doppagne/Belga/AFP via Getty Images

Staff at some Belgian hospitals have been asked to continue working even if they test positive for the virus

Medical staff take a patient infected with Covid-19 for an evacuation by helicopter from the Netherlands to Germany. Photograph: Olaf Kraak/ANP/AFP via Getty

Intensive care facilities run out in Netherlands as Belgium faces similar scenario

Fianna Fáil MEP Billy Kelleher: ‘The primary function of Cap is to ensure food security, protect farm incomes and develop rural communities. Within the three proposals adopted today, significant progress was made on all three’

Green groups argue Common Agricultural Policy waters down environmental policies

The meat industry is seeking a European Union-wide ban on use of terms like ‘vegan burger’ and ‘veggie sausage’.

Meat industry decries adoption of terms and suggests ‘disc’ and ‘tube’ as alternatives

An October 1st photograph of newly appointed foreign affairs minister Sophie Wilmès. Photograph: HATIM KAGHAT/Belga/AFP via Getty Images

Sophie Wilmès was prime minister until three weeks ago and led Belgium through pandemic

“We could have raised €233 billion, which is a sign of the great market interest and trust towards the EU as an issuer,” EU budget and administration commissioner Johannes Hahn told a news conference. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

Europe Letter: ‘Outrageous’ demand by investors to buy EU’s debt seen as vote of confidence in euro

Seán Kelly: Being at home for so long due to Covid restrictions made it very difficult to mount an effective campaign. Photograph: Daragh Mc Sweeney/Provision

‘While it was always going to be difficult to hold onto it for Ireland, we gave it our best shot’

Michel Barnier referred to British “sovereignty” several times and called it “a legitimate concern of the government of Boris Johnson”. Photograph: EPA

British encouraged by language used in Barnier speech

Green MEP Grace O’Sullivan: the proposed CAP is “regressive”. Photograph: Kathleen Harris

Environmental groups urge greater protections for biodiversity and pesticide curbs

Chocolate shop in Antwerp: Belgium has shut its bars and restaurants, and imposed a midnight curfew. Photograph: Virginia Mayo

Brussels says situation worse than spring as one in four tests in capital proving positive

Labour leader Alan Kelly says an antigen test kit  costs €5-€10. Photograph: Gareth Chaney/ Collins

Rapid testing kits could potentially be approved by the end of the year

EU chief negotiator Michel Barnier: he wrote to his British counterpart David Frost on Friday offering to resume talks in London on Monday. Photograph: Bloomberg

Dutch leader Rutte says negotiations should continue next week despite Johnson warning UK must prepare for no-deal outcome

Paris mayor Anne Hidalgo and French prime minister Jean Castex  meet members of Civil Protection who organized the Covid-19 test centre at the 4th district City Hall in Paris. Photograph: Ludovic Marin/EPA

Several countries report record case numbers while virus disrupts Brussels summit

EU chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier: ‘We are determined reach a fair deal with the UK. We will do everything we can, but not at any price.’ Photograph: Francisco Seco/Pool/AFP via Getty

EU leaders agree to step up preparations for ‘all outcomes’ as British deadline passes

The EU’s chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier alonside European Council president Charles Michel at the EU summit in Brussels yesterday. Photograph:  Kenzo Tribouillard/Pool/AFP via Getty Images

Leaders at Brussels summit agree to continue negotiations but step up no-deal plans

Passengers at the Terminal 1 departures check-in area in Dublin airport last weekend. Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill

Europe Letter: New EU rules designating what is ‘essential travel’ are an important addition

Arrivals gate at Dublin Airport last week: All those arriving from green regions in the EU will be exempt from any travel restrictions such as quarantine or testing requirements. Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill / The Irish Times

Ireland backs broad EU list of 'essential travellers' but is wavering on whether to enact it

European Commission’s  Michel Barnier and Minister for Foreign Affairs Simon Coveney: not enough progress to reach a deal with London. Photograph:  Virginia Mayo

No deal ‘very likely’, French foreign minister says, as fishing and competition unresolved

EU foreign affairs chief Josep Borrell. Photograph: Jean-Christophe Verhaegen/Pool/EPA

France and Germany press for swift action in sign of hardening stance towards Moscow

EU chief negotiator Michel Barnier departs at the terminal Eurostar in St Pancras Station in London. Photograph: Neil Hall/EPA

Irish Government warns businesses to prepare for deal or no-deal on December 31st

Health and border matters will be decided by national governments alone and member states have opted to continue to set their own divergent rules for incoming travellers. Photograph: Michael Reynolds

States agree ‘traffic light’ system but governments to set own policy for high-risk zones

A €750bn  stimulus to counteract the economic damage of the coronavirus pandemic and the EU’s next budget were broadly agreed between member states in July but both need MEP approval.  Photograph: iStock

Parliament demands funds be withdrawn from states breaching democratic norms

Brussels minister president Rudi Vervoort: “We decided that bars, cafes but also tea rooms will have to close their doors and remain closed,” said . “One in seven people tested in Brussels returns a positive result, the virus is everywhere in the region.” Photograph: Thierry Roge/Getty Images

Brussels hardest-hit capital after Madrid, while the Netherlands prepares to send hospital patients to Germany

EU chief diplomat Josep Borrell has ruled out military action. Photograph: Yves Herman/POOL/AFP via Getty

Europe Letter: Focus on Brussels to see if bloc is willing or able to bear an influence

 The MEPs approved the appointment of the long time Fine Gael representative with a decisive vote of 583 in favour and 75 against on Wednesday. Photograph: Stephanie Lecocq/ EPA

Fine Gael MEP nominated for role following Hogan resignation over Golfgate scandal

European Council president Charles Michel addresses  a plenary session of the European Parliament in Brussels on Tuesday. Photograph:  Kenzo Tribouillard/AFP via Getty Images

MEPs say they will veto €750bn Covid recovery package unless strict guarantees are made

‘How nice would it be to make a super clear plan for the third wave,’ said the comedian presenter Arjen Lubach, in television show that mixed jokes, news commentary and criticism of Dutch prime minister Mark Rutte (above). Photograph: Francisco Seco / Pool / AFP via Getty Images

Irish Living with Covid-19 plan: ‘Transparent, predictable and an obvious inspiration for Denmark’

European Commission president Ursula Von Der Leyen was informed on Sunday that a person that she had been in a meeting with had tested positive. The contact took place last Tuesday during a two-day trip to Portugal. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

European Commission president Ursula von der Leyen in self-quarantine after exposure

British prime minister Boris Johnson being interviewed on Sunday by host Andrew Marr on The Andrew Marr Show. Photograph: Jeff Overs/BBC/PA Wire

Leaders indicate talks could run to November after week of negotiations fails to break stalemate

A file photograph of Dr Ronan Glynn, acting chief medical officer. Photograph: Colin Keegan/Collins

Taoiseach wishes Trump well and says second Covid-19 wave underway in Europe

EU commissioner designate Mairead McGuinness attends her hearing in Brussels, Belgium.

EU commissioner designate promises to leave green jersey at the door if approved

European Commission president Ursula von der Leyen at the EU summit in Brussels on Friday. Photograph: Olivier Matthys, Pool/AP

Brussels says movement from British side insufficient to enter intensive talks ‘tunnel’

German chancellor Angela Merkel, European Council president Charles Michel, Italian PM Giuseppe Conte, Belgian PM Alexander De Croo and Luxembourg PM  Xavier Bettel at the EU summit in Brusels on Thursday. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

Cyprus persuaded to stop blocking sanctions with promise that Ankara could be next

Taoiseach  Micheál Martin: will tell his fellow 26 leaders that, contrary to the impression in some continental capitals, the UK’s prime minister Boris Johnson does in fact want a deal. Photograph: Aris Oikonomou

Dublin reassured by spin from Downing Street but UK makes Brexit talks harder

European Commission president Ursula von der Leyen announcing on Thursday that the EU has formally warned Britain of legal action over its Internal Market Bill. Photo Johanna Geron/AFP via Getty Images

British government says it will respond to European Commission letter ‘in due course’

Hungarian prime minister Viktor Orban. Photograph: Aris Oikonomou/AFP via Getty

Europe Letter: A row is brewing over the best way to tackle brazen flouting of rule of law

European Commissioner for Values and Transparency Vera Jourova and European Commissioner for Justice Didier Reynders give a press conference on the Annual Rule of Law Report 2020 in Brussels on Wednesday. The EU criticised Hungary and Poland in a report on democratic standards across the bloc, as tensions escalate between Brussels and Budapest. Photograph: AFP

Row over EU report on rule of law in bloc threatens to delay disbursement of funds

German minister of state for Europe  Michael Roth: he has warned in an open letter that the UK’s controversial Bill “is casting a dark shadow over the ongoing negotiations”. Photograph: Aris Oikonomou/Getty

Europe minister Michael Roth says guarantees of fair competition are 'indispensable'

Ireland’s contact-tracing app is set to be linked with those of Germany and Italy within weeks in an attempt to allow for easier and safer travel between EU countries during the Covid-19 pandemic. File photograph: Niall Carson/PA Wire.

System allows different apps to ‘talk’ so travellers can learn of possible Covid-19 exposure

British cabinet minister Michael Gove, (centre), leaves the third meeting of the EU-UK joint committee at EU headquarters in Brussels yesterday. Photograph: Francisco Seco/AP

Sharp increase in pace of preparations for Northern Ireland’s ports and airports needed, says EU

Ireland’s official Covid tracker app. Photograph: Niall Carson/PA Wire

Japan and South Korea trace beyond 48 hours to establish where the sick person caught the virus

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