German chancellor Angela Merkel at her summer press conference in Berlin on Friday. Photograph:John MacDougall/Getty Images

EU-UK withdrawal agreement not up for renegotiation, German chancellor insists

Germany’s new defence minister Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer (left), her predecessor  Ursula von der Leyen  and chancellor Angela Merkel  at Bellevue Palace in Berlin on Wednesday. Photograph: Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters

Chancellor surprises everyone with choice to succeed Von der Leyen as defence minister

Cecilienhof Palace in Potsdam in northeastern Germany. The heirs of the former Prussian monarchy are seeking the return of artworks and the right of residence in various properties.  Photograph: Barbara Sax/AFP

Kaiser Wilhelm II’s family is fighting with German state for return of valuable property

German chancellor Angela Merkel with others including British architect David Chipperfield at the opening of the James Simon Gallery building in Berlin. Photograph: Jens Schlueter

One critic calls freshly opened James Simon Gallery ‘Berlin’s most expensive cloakroom’

William Hollacsek, co-founder and chief techology officer of Grandpal, and Brian Daly, co-founder and chief executive.

High cost of living in Dublin is only part of the reason why young Irish are giving it a go in Germany’s capital

Alexander Gauland (left) and Björn Höcke have differing visions of the AfD. Photograph: Getty

Over 100 members warn that party in danger of being hijacked by regional chief Björn Höcke

A ceremony in Athens marks the anniversary of the liberation of city from Nazi occupation. Photograph: Louisa Gouliamaki/AFP/Getty Images

German position ‘justifiable but by no means mandatory’, report says

Ali Bashar, who arrived in Germany with his family in 2015,  covers his face in front of the cameras in the courtroom.  Photograph:  Boris Roessler/Pool/AFP

Conviction of Ali Bashar for rape and murder of 14-year-old sparks fresh round of debate

 German chancellor Angela Merkel during a joint press conference with Finnish prime minister Antti Rinne at the chancellery in Berlin on Wednesday. She began trembling as a military band played the Finnish national anthem.  Photograph:  Hayoung Jeon/EPA

German chancellor says she is ‘doing fine’ after another shaking spell with Finnish PM

An Ikea store in Warsaw. The case of the worker fired for posting biblical quotes condemning homosexuality on the company intranet  has been embraced by Poland’s ruling party and Catholic bishops. Photograph:  Jaap Arriens/NurPhoto via Getty Images

Retail giant faces boycott calls after it fired employee for online comments about gays

Beneath a mesh, looking like a giant golden jellyfish, more than 300 gold-upholstered seats of the CJEU filled up long before 9am with lawyers, law students and observers.

All rise for round two in the long-running legal action between Facebook, Max Schrems and the Data Protection Commissioner

Counsel for Facebook, the US federal government and tech industry groups warned the court that invalidating the main legal instrument used for Facebook’s EU-US data transmissions would have huge knock-on effects for European businesses and citizens.

Transatlantic channel allows US to spy on EU citizens Data Protection Commission alleges

Max Schrems, Austrian  privacy activist. Photograph: Joe Klamar/AFP/Getty Images

Data Protection Commissioner action could have major impact on firm’s business model

A view of the St Ulrich and Afra Church in the city of Augsburg, Bavaria,  Germany. Photograph: Christof Stache/AFP/Getty Images

Irish people based in the sprawling German region offer advice on the CSU visit

German transport minister Alexander Dobrindt: “Ireland is not in the centre of Europe but politically it must be in the centre of European interests.” Photograph: Saoeren Stache

Ahead of Irish trip, CSU pledges support for Ireland in all Brexit scenarios

 President Michael D Higgins and Sabina Higgins in Würzburg on the third day of an official state visit to Germany. Photograph:  Maxwell

‘Mission accomplished’ says smiling Rory Gallagher fan Steinmeier of Higgins’s visit

 President Michael D Higgins and his wife Sabina Higgins at St Kilian’s Cathedral in Würzburg on the third day of the State visit to  Germany. Photograph: Maxwell’s

Ireland’s new consulate general to open later this year in Frankfurt

 German president Frank-Walter Steinmeier (left) and his wife Elke Buedenbender (right) with President Michael D. Higgins  and his wife Sabina  before a gala dinner in Berlin. Photograph: Hayoung Jeon/EPA

Whether for inward investment, exports or tourism, Germany is a top five country for Ireland with potential for much more

President Michael D Higgins at the University of Leipzig during a state visit to Germany: also attended a concert in Berlin’s Kreuzberg area. Photograph: Peter Endig

Michael D Higgins and Frank-Walter Steinmeier attend Other Voices concert in Berlin

President Michael D Higgins speaks to Saxony’s state premier Michael Kretschmer during his visit to the university of Leipzig. Photograph: Peter Endig / dpa / AFP

Michael D Higgins on visit to Leipzig says challenges have brought Europe to the brink of change

German chancellor Angela Merkel welcomes President Michael D Higgins for meeting at the chancellery in Berlin on Wednesday. Photograph: Markus Schreiber/AP

President meets Angela Merkel and Frank Walter Steinmeier on German state visit

President Micahel D Higgins meets with the president of the Bundestag Wolfgang Schaüble .

President cites it as proof of ‘strong and enduring’ bilateral relationship

German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier (L) and Ireland’s President Michael D Higgins inspect a military honour guard at the presidential Bellevue Palace in Berlin. Photograph: Tobias Schwarz/AFP/Getty Images

President Higgins meets Angela Merkel and Berlin mayor during second day of state visit

Michael D Higgins will visit the Brandenburg Gate during his visit to Germany. Photograph: Getty Images

President and Tánaiste Simon Coveney in Germany on three-day state visit

Ursula von der Leyen: was once considered a potential reserve chancellor. Photograph: Filip Singer/EPA

German defence minister (60) is seen as a liberal and reliable pair of hands

Germany’s then federal chancellor Helmut Kohl and Angela Merkel in 1992: perhaps the high-point of Irish-German relations was two years earlier, when the Irish EU presidency assisted Mr Kohl’s push for European acceptance of German unity.   Photograph: Thomas Imo/Photothek

Higgins will visit a nation that has come a long way from mere ‘uninformed sympathy’

Germany’s chancellor Angela Merkel: Ireland’s state visit offers a chance to match rational policy with real emotional buy-in. Photograph: Brendan Smialowski

Any criticism of Berlin’s role in austerity will invite finger-pointing at Irish tax regime

The La Defense business district in Paris, on Friday. Europeans fought to stay cool over much of Europe as concerns grew about climate change. Photograph: Martin Barzilai/Bloomberg

France hits highest-ever temperature of nearly 46 degrees and wildfires rage in Spain

German chancellor Angela Merkel with Chinese president Xi Jinping  and Russian president Vladimir Putin: Bild tabloid has asked “How sick is the chancellor?”   Photograph:  Dominique Jacovides

Second bout of public shaking sparks theories of cause and poses dilemma of privacy

WH Auden (1907-1973), poet and essayist, with Christopher Isherwood (left) standing on the platform at Victoria Station, London, waiting to leave for China. Photograph: John F Stephenson/Getty Images

Berlin Letter: Isherwood and his partner are being celebrated in the city’s gay museum

People refresh themselves on a fountain at La Concha beach in the northern Spanish city of San Sebastian. Photograph:  Ander Gillenea/AFP/Getty Images

Cool rooms and 1,000 water stations supplied by Parisian authorities amid heatwave

Guard of honour at the coffin of murdered German politician Walter Lübcke, who was shot in the head at close range on June 2nd. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty

Stefan Ernst claims he acted alone but authorities vow to continue investigation

People cool off in the Trocadero fountains across from the Eiffel Tower in Paris as a heatwave hit much of the country. Photograph: Reuters/Charles Platiau

Emergency plans activated as Warsaw, Rome, Paris and Munich register 33 degrees

A dispirited party: interim leaders Manuela Schwesig, Thorsten Schaefer-Guembel and Malu Dreyer of the SPD. Photograph: EPA/Jens Schlueter

Party’s 438,000 members will be asked to choose a new leader after another series of up to 30 regional conferences

Climate activists occupy railtracks close to the Garzweiler brown coal mine in western Germany during a weekend of protests. Photograph: DPA/AFP

Thousands of Ende Gelände demonstrators infiltrated Garzweiler 48sq km lignite mine

Director of the Jewish Museum in Berlin Prof Peter Schäfer: an open letter signed by 300 Jewish studies scholars has attacked the “calumnies” directed against “the first and greatest scholar of Judaism to emerge in postwar Germany”. Photograph: John MacDougall/AFP

Director resigns after tweet about boycott, divestment and sanctions movement

An honour guard stands at the coffin of murdered German politician Walter Lübcke at his memorial service at St Martin church  in Kassel. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

CDU politician Walter Lübcke was found lying in pool of blood on terrace of his home

Berlin would have allowed German motorists to write off their tolls against their national motor tax. Photograph: EPA/Focke Strangmann

Berlin had planned to toll all private cars using the autobahn network in Germany

German chancellor Angela Merkel:  possible link between the killing and the far-right is “depressing”. Photograph: Odd Andersen

Man behind assassination of CDU’s Walter Lübcke may not have been a lone agent

Walter Lübcke was found unconscious on the terrace of his home with a gunshot wound to his head shortly after midnight on June 2th. Photograph:  Uwe Zucchi/DPA/AFP/Germany/Outuwe Zucchi/Getty

Man suspected of shooting dead city administrative chief known for pro-asylum views

Demonstrators gather at Alexanderplatz to protest against rising rents and an ever-tightening Berlin housing market in April. Photograph: Steffi Loos/Getty

Citizens’ initiative presses for vote to make big investors sell housing to government

Kaya Taner and Emma Tracey. ‘I see a lot of bullshit in the tech industry, which you get everywhere, but that is the fluff on top. Below that are developers’ ideas of openness and sharing’

Systems developer job platform co-founded by Rathmines woman has sold for €57m

The Humboldt Forum construction site in Berlin which was supposed to open in November.  Photograph: Hayoung Jeon

News of museum’s technical problems has been a case of deja vu all over again for Berliners

Stephan  Albani said  German leader Angela Merkel’s  willingness to talk with a new British counterpart should not be interpreted as a willingness to compromise Irish interests, shared by Germany throughout the Brexit process. Photograph: Hayoung Jeon/EPA

After emotional meeting with cross-border orchestra, delegates had tears in their eyes

A rout for Germany’s established parties could dampen their celebrations ahead of the 30th anniversary of the Berlin Wall’s fall on November 9th, 1989. File photograph: Reuters

Numbers living in the east down to 1905 level, while western part of country never so full

CDU leader Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer and chancellor Angela Merkel. Photograph: Felipe Trueba/EPA

Conservatives within party increasing pressure over ‘disastrous’ opinion poll results

The Primark store at Alexanderplatz  in Berlin, Germany.  Photograph:  Athanasios Gioumpasis/Getty Images

Fast-fashion giant’s 50th anniversary to be marked by store pickets

Marek Lisinski is under investigation after leaked emails suggest he extorted money from the Polish church and abuse survivors. Photograph: by Wojtek Radwanski / AFP

Leaked emails suggest Marek Lisinski, founder of the Have No Fear support foundation, may have invented his own abuse story

Green Party leader Robert Habeck sees his party’s success in its independence from a high-tax, low-tax, left-right political model that has left the CDU and SPD parties ‘trapped in the 1980s’.   Photograph: Michele Tantussi/Reuters

Party has received an early present six months before its 40th birthday

Social Democratic leader Mette Frederiksen: “I will talk to all parties, there are constructive sounds coming also from the conservative camp.” Photograph: Fabian Bimmer

Greater spending and less immigration criteria on which Mette Frederiksen seeks allies

Former nurse Niels Hoegel pictured in 2018. Photograph:  Mohssen Assanimoghaddam/AFP/Getty Images

Death toll makes Niels Högel worst serial killer in postwar Germany

Social Democrat leader Mette Frederiksen is aiming be Denmark’s next – and at 41 youngest-ever – prime minister. Photograph: Reuters

Social Democrats to head centre-left bloc with 25.3% of vote, according to election exit poll

Andrea Nahles: after just 400 days in the job, the SPD leader has handed back the most poisoned chalice in German politics. Photograph: Hannibal Hanschke

SPD leadership crisis shows how much time the government spends thinking about itself

Germany’s chancellor Angela Merkel: business leaders are unimpressed by the record so far of Dr Merkel’s fourth administration.   Photograph: Krisztian Bocsi/Bloomberg

In wake of SPD leader resignation, German chancellor urged to restore trust

Andrea Nahles, who suddenly resigned as leader of Germany’s Social Democratic Party (SPD). Photograph: Hannibal Hanschke/Reuters

Summer of uncertainty looms as Berlin’s junior coalition partner debates future

Outgoing Social Democratic Party leader Andrea Nahles with German chancellor Angela Merkel: The SPD’s search for its seventh leader in a decade reflects a deep-seated identity crisis in Germany’s oldest party. Photograph: Britta Pedersen

Andrea Nahles resigns amid bad election results and lack of ‘necessary backing’

SPD leader Andrea Nahles said she was standing down after a bruising parliamentary party meeting last week showed “that the necessary backing is not there to perform my duties”. Photograph: Michele Tantussi/Reuters

Social Democratic leader Andrea Nahles resigns after just 400 days in office

 US secretary of state Mike Pompeo and  German  chancellor Angela Merkel: US fears allowing Huawei  build 5G networks in Germany may put sensitive data in “the hands of the Chinese Communist Party”. Photograph: Krisztian Bocsi/Bloomberg

Mike Pompeo asks about German positions on Syria and tech giant Huawei

Interior minister Horst Seehofer insisted on Twitter that  the German government’s priority was “fighting terrorists and extremists, not journalists”.  Photograph: Felipe Trueba/EPA

Journalists fear a push to deter potential sources or whistleblowers coming forward

Brigitte Bierlein speaks as she is appointed as new interim chancellor  in Vienna, Austria. Photograph: Thomas Kronsteiner/ Getty Images

Judge Brigitte Bierlein’s appointment is latest twist in political drama

A clip from Rezo’s “The Destruction of the CDU” – an energetic, 55-minute slice-and-dice of 14 years of what he terms CDU’s “gross incompetence” in power. Screengrab: YouTube

‘AKK’ criticised for suggesting young man’s pre-election viral video was inappropriate

Austrian chancellor Sebastian Kurz, leader of the Austrian People’s Party (ÖVP): ejected from power after just 18 months. Photograph: Alex Halada/AFP/Getty Images

Leader of centre-right ÖVP party blamed by opposition for allowing populists into power

From left to right: Co-chairman of the Green party parliamentary group Anton Hofreiter, Managing Director of Buendis 90/The Greens Michael Kellner, German top Green candidate, Sven Giegold, co-chairwoman Annalena Baerbock and co-leader of the German Green party Katrin Goering-Eckardt react to the publication of the first exit polls  in Berlin on Sunday. Photograph: Omer Messinger/EPA

Shock result for Germany’s ruling parties, with worst-ever election for Merkel’s CDU

German police have confirmed they shot dead an Irish man in Hamburg. Photograph: Wolfgang Rattay/Reuters

Hamburg police confirm they fatally shot man while responding to family incident

Heinz-Christian Strache (centre)  stood down as vice-chancellor and leader of the junior coalition Freedom Party (FPÖ) after secret recordings emerged that appeared to show him offering state contracts in exchange for dubious party donations. Photograph: Alex Halada/AFP/Getty

Emergency parliamentary sitting likely to include no confidence vote in chancellor Kurz

Austrian vice-chancellor Heinz-Christian Strache quit over a video which showed him discussing fixing state contracts in return for favours. Photograph: Leonhard Foeger/Reuters

Chancellor pulls the plug after video sting involving leader of far-right Freedom Party

Leader of Germany’s conservative Christian Democratic Union (CDU) party Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer  with Chancellor Angela Merkel. Photograph:  Michael Kappeler / DPA / AFP

CDU leader Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer adjusts to power-share with Angela Merkel

German chancellor Angela Merkel  said she was not interested in whether she would enter the history books as an “austerity” or “refugee” chancellor. Photograph:  Odd Andersen/AFP/Getty Images

Irish and Greek reforms ‘proven to be right’ despite ‘considerable’ burden for population

A protest against the sexual abuse of children by Polish priests in Warsaw in October 2018. Archbishop Stanislaw Gadecki, head of the Polish bishops’ conference, has called an extraordinary meeting next Wednesday. Photograph:  Attila Husejnow/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images

After years of denials, Don’t Tell Anyone forces bishops to face up to weight of cover-ups

Angela Merkel with German environment minister Svenja Schulze (SPD)  at the Petersberg Climate Dialogue in Berlin, on Tuesday. Photograph: Michele Tantussi/EPA

German chancellor seems to be warming to proposal for mid-century climate neutrality

Ulrich Mühe in his role as a Stasi officer in The Lives of Others.

‘The inner Hitler was conserved in the east,’ says author and former athlete Ines Geipel

A 1998 medical paper, since discounted as having no basis in fact, suggested a link between the measles vaccine and autism. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Authorities say 2019 likely to be a record year for measles with cases tripling in three states

The Bundestag in Berlin. Photograph: Odd Andersen/AFP/Getty

Schäuble warns that growing number of MPs undermines voter confidence

British prime minister Theresa May embraces chancellor Angela Merkel  in Berlin on Tuesday. Photograph:  Krisztian Bocsi/Bloomberg

Leaders hold pre-summit talks as German officials again deny any moves on backstop

British prime minister Theresa May with French president Emmanuel Macron ahead of Brexit talks  in Paris. Photograph: Stefan Rousseau/PA Wire

Donald Tusk says ‘little reason to believe’ PM can get deal ratified by end of June

Public Housing Projects in former East district. Photograph: Getty Images

Angry Berliners have a radical solution, while Vienna has housing sussed

German chancellor Angela Merkel:  Irish Border issue is about “violence or non-violence”. Photograph: Ralph Orlowski/Reuters

On eve of chancellor’s visit to Dublin, German officials underline support for Ireland

Britain’s prime minister Theresa May in the House of Commons. A Downing Street spokesman said the prime minister held constructive talks with Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn on Wednesday. Photograph: Mark Duffy/UK Parliament/AFP

Prime minister and Labour leader agree ‘programme of work’ to find common approach

Victims were isolated or given part-blame for abuse, the head of Germany’s federal child abuse commission said. Photograph: iStock

Commission calls for greater research and information campaigns to break taboos

The city sold Markthalle Neun (above)  in 2011 to new owners who promised to promote local retailers for people of “every age, all social classes and nationalities”. Eight years on, things look very different

Berlin Letter: Long-term locals who live near Markthalle Neun say they now feel like extras

The protocol entrance of the European Parliament in Strasbourg. The survey of people in 14 countries showed concern about employment (20 per cent), cost of living (18 per cent) and healthcare (17 per cent). Photograph: Frederick Florin/AFP/Getty Images

Poll of 46,000 people finds that many want tighter controls on outer EU borders

The German chancellor has reportedly become an expert on the finer points of the Belfast Agreement. Photograph: EPA/STEPHANIE LECOCQ

Analysis: German chancellor will use Ireland visit to express solidarity and discuss danger that Taoiseach’s backstop insistence c(...)

German chancellor Angela Merkel, who plans to meet Taoiseach Leo Varadkar in Dublin next Thursday. Photograph: Eva Plevier/Reuters

Varadkar to meet Macron in Paris on Tuesday

Christian Democratic Union (CDU) party chairwoman Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer: ‘If one wants European security and defence policy, then one has to agree European rules.’ Photograph: Clemens Bilan/EPA

Germany’s ban on arms exports to Saudi Arabia threatens defence co-operation deal

 Germany has active parent groups who oppose vaccination, citing concerns over a link to autism in a 1998 medical study, since withdrawn. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Measles wave across country prompts calls for MMR vaccine to be made obligatory

Defendants Marvin N (L) and Hamdi H (C) await a verdict in their case at court in Berlin, Germany. Photograph: Paul Zinken/dpa/AFP/Getty Images

Two men are convicted over illegal race in Berlin that resulted in death of 69-year-old

German chancellor Angela Merkel: ‘It’s impressive how May is fighting’. Photograph: Eva Plevier/Reuters

German chancellor warns delays to Brexit cannot undermine European elections

Chancellor Angela Merkel, with a flash of Churchillian passion, vowed to push for an orderly UK departure from the EU “to the last day, to the last hour”g. Photograph: Hayoung Jeon/EPA

Angela Merkel promises to push for orderly Brexit ‘to the last hour’ ahead of EU summit

People march in the annual Equality Parade in front of the Palace of Culture and Science in Warsaw. File photograph: Agencja Gazeta/Dawid Zuchowicz/via Reuters

Mayor of Warsaw rails against ruling party’s scaremongering tactic to shore up support

The explosion on board Pan Am flight 103 killed 270 and caused the plane to crash into the Scottish town of Lockerbie in December 1988. Photograph: AP Photo/ Martin Cleaver

Suspicion that East Germany’s secret police may have provided logistical support

Denmark became the first European country to introduce Down syndrome screening in 2006. Photograph: iStock

Down syndrome groups campaign against cover for test they fear will lead to abortions

Thousands of students take part in a demonstration against climate change, in Berlin, Germany, on Friday. Photograph: Felipe Trueba/EPA

Berlin march the biggest yet, with support from teachers, parents and leading scientists

Dutch prime minister Mark Rutte (right) greets president of the European Council Donald Tusk in The Hague,  on Friday. Photograph:  Bart Maat/EPA

Dutch prime minister vows to do ‘absolutely nothing’ until UK outlines departure timetable

German chancellor Angela Merkel: she is increasingly deferring to her successor, Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer. Photograph:  Tobias Schwarz/AFP

Shifting political sands have led some to query Angela Merkel's lingering exit

CDU’s  Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer: “European centralism, European statism, communitising debt and Europeanising social security systems and minimum wage would be the wrong approach.” Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty

Kramp-Karrenbauer backs Schengen border security boost and call for ‘renaissance’

People pray by the restored monument of  late Fr Henryk Jankowski in Gdansk: supporters accuse Polish liberals of a witch hunt  against traditional Catholic values. Photograph:  Agencja Gazeta/Bartosz Banka

Ex-Solidarity chaplain Fr Henryk Jankowski subject of claims of abuse and anti-Semitism

German car companies argue there was nothing illegal in their meetings to agree “clean diesel” norms.

BMW, VW and Daimler face heavy penalties over agreed practices

Cars on a production line at the Volkswagen plant in Wolfsburg, Germany. Some 60% of carmakers have already replaced their British suppliers due to Brexit. Photograph: Reuters

Up to 750,000 jobs hinge on free trade with fifth most important trading partner, the UK

Graffiti on a  disused Litfasssäule on a  Berlin street declares “Save this pillar!”  Photograph: Derek Scallly

Berlin Letter: Much-loved street advertising posts to be replaced after 164-year history

Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, leader of Germany’s conservative Christian Democratic Union (CDU), speaks during the traditional Ash Wednesday party meeting in Demmin. Photograph: Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters

The German chancellor laying low, but new CDU leader’s bad jokes getting attention

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